Francesc Cambó

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Francesc Cambó i Batlle
Francisco Cambó
Born (1876-09-02)September 2, 1876
Verges, Spain
Died April 30, 1947(1947-04-30) (aged 70)
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Occupation politician

Francesc Cambó i Batlle (Catalan pronunciation: [fɾənˈsɛsk kəmˈbo]; September 2, 1876 – April 30, 1947) was a conservative Catalan politician, founder and leader of the autonomist party Lliga Regionalista. He was minister in several Spanish governments. He also supported a number of artistic and cultural endeavours, especially, the translation of Greek and Latin classical texts to Catalan.

Biography[edit]

Francesc Cambó was born in Verges in the comarca of Baix Empordà, Catalonia, Spain. He founded the Lliga Regionalista, a regionalist conservative party, in 1901. He was one of the first to propose an autonomous system of government for Catalonia, although, at the time, he only managed to achieve a fusion of the four provincial entities in Catalonia (Mancomunitat de Catalunya), with limited power. He was elected a member of the Spanish parliament several times, and was twice appointed minister in a Spanish conservative government.

His party, the Lliga, was the main representative of the Catalan regionalist or nationalist movement. However, in 1931, Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya, a left-wing nationalist party, won the elections and formed the new autonomous Catalan government (Generalitat of Catalonia).

Cambò financed and supported the Spanish coup of July 1936 against Second Spanish Republic,[1][2] in fear that a Republican victory would lead to a leftist Republic controlled by the Soviet Union , in fear that a Republican victory would lead to a leftist Republic controlled by the Soviet Union.

He died in Argentina in 1947.

Works[edit]

Sculpture of Francesc Cambó by Victor Ochoa on the Via Laietana in Barcelona
  • Actuació regionalista (1915)
  • El pesimismo español (1917)
  • Vuit mesos al ministeri de Foment (1919)
  • Visions d'Orient (1924)
  • La crise économique anglaise (1924)
  • Entorn del feixisme italià (1924)
  • La valoració de la pesseta (1929)
  • Les dictadures (1929)
  • Per la concòrdia (1929)
  • España, Cataluña y la Nueva Constitución (1929)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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