Francesca da Rimini (Zandonai)

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For other classical works, see Francesca da Rimini (disambiguation).

Francesca da Rimini, Op. 4, is an opera in four acts, composed by Riccardo Zandonai, with libretto by Tito Ricordi, (1865–1933), after a play by Gabriele d'Annunzio. It was premiered at the Teatro Regio in Turin on 19 February 1914, and is still staged occasionally.

This opera is Zandonai's best-known work. In the New Grove Dictionary of Opera, Renato Chiesa calls it "one of the most original and polished Italian melodramas of the 20th century, [which] combines a powerful gift for Italian melody ... with an exceptional command of orchestration." Celebrated performers of the title role have included Gilda Dalla Rizza, Magda Olivero (who recorded excerpts from the opera in 1969, for Decca Records) and Renata Scotto. In 2013 it was performed at the Metropolitan Opera in New York with Eva-Maria Westbroek in the title role.

Roles[edit]

The Death of Francesca da Rimini and Paolo Malatesta, Alexandre Cabanel, c. 1870
Role Voice type Premiere cast, 19 February 1914
(Conductor: Ettore Panizza)
Francesca da Rimini soprano Linda Cannetti
Paolo il Bello tenor Giulio Crimi
Giovanni lo Sciancato baritone Francesco Cigada
Malatestino dall'Occhio tenor Giordano Paltrinieri
Adonella soprano Maria Vaccari
Altichiara contralto Maria Marek
Il Balestriere tenor Giuseppe Nessi
Biancofiore mezzo-soprano Marina Polazzi
Garsenda soprano Maria Avezza
Il Giullare bass Pompilio Malatesta
Ostasio bass Osvaldo Pellegrini
Samaritana mezzo-soprano Raquelita Merly
Ser Toldo Berardengo tenor Edmondo Orlandi
La Schiava mezzo-soprano Gabriella Besanzoni
Il Torrigiano baritone Osvaldo Pellegrini
Voce del Prigioniero tenor

Synopsis[edit]

The story takes place in Ravenna and Rimini.

Francesca, daughter of Guido I da Polenta, for state reasons, is to be married to Giovanni, known as Gianciotto, the malformed son of Malatesta da Verucchio. But as Francesca would certainly refuse to marry the lame and deformed Gianciotto, she is introduced in the first act, by means of a well-laid plot, to his handsome younger brother, Paolo, known as Il bello. Under the impression that Paolo is her destined bridegroom, Francesca falls deeply in love with him at first sight; he also falls passionately in love with her, although they do not exchange a single word.

The next act shows a fight in progress between the Guelphs and Ghibellines, and on the platform of a tower of the Malatesti. Francesca, now married to Gianciotto, meets Paolo and gently reproaches him for the fraud practised on her. He protests his innocence of the plot and reveals his intense passion for her. Gianciotto brings the news of Paolo's election as Captain of the People and Commune of Florence. Paolo departs for Florence.

In the third act Francesca, in her luxurious apartment, is reading the story of Lancelot and Guinevere to her women. They then dance and sing in celebration of the advent of Spring, until, on a whispered word from her slave, Francesca dismisses them. Paolo, sick with longing for her, has returned from Florence. He enters; they continue reading the story of Guinevere together, until, no longer in control of their feelings, they let their lips meet in a long kiss.

In the fourth act Malatestino, Gianciotto's youngest brother, who himself lusts for Francesca, has discovered her secret meetings with Paolo. After Francesca refuses to give in to his sexual advances, Malatestino betrays Francesca and Paolo to Gianciotto, who determines to find out the truth for himself. Accordingly, Gianciotto lies in wait outside Francesca's door, and surprising her and Paolo together at early dawn, he slays them both.

Selected recordings[edit]

Year Cast
(Francesca, Paolo, Gianciotto, Samaritana, Ostasio, Malatestino)
Conductor,
Opera House and Orchestra
Label
1984 Renata Scotto,
Plácido Domingo,
Cornell MacNeil,
Natalia Rom,
Richard Fredricks,
William Lewis
James Levine,
Metropolitan Opera orchestra and chorus
DVD: Deutsche Grammophon
Cat: 00440 073 4313

References[edit]

External links[edit]