22 December 1824|
|Died||13 December 1897
|Institutions||University of Pavia|
|Alma mater||University of Pavia|
|Doctoral advisor||Antonio Bordoni|
|Doctoral students||Eugenio Beltrami
Brioschi was born in Milan in 1824. From 1850 he taught analytical mechanics in the University of Pavia. After the Italian unification in 1861, he was elected deputy in the Parliament of Italy and then appointed twice secretary of the Education Minister. In 1863 he founded the Politecnico di Milano university, where he worked until his death; here, he taught mainly hydraulics, but sometimes he lectured in analytical mechanics and construction engineering, too. In 1865 he entered in the Senate of the Kingdom. In 1870 he became a member of the Accademia dei lincei and in 1884 he succeeded Quintino Sella as president of the National Academy of the Lincei. He directed the Il Politecnico (English translation: The Polytechnic) review and, between 1867 and 1877, Annali di matematica pura e applicata (English translation: Annals of pure and applied mathematics). He died in Milan in 1897.
As mathematician, Brioschi publicized in Italy various algebraic theories and studied the problem of solving fifth and sixth degree equations using elliptic functions. Brioschi is also remembered as a distinguished teacher: among his students in the University of Pavia there were Eugenio Beltrami, Luigi Cremona and Felice Casorati.
- Opere matematiche di Francesco Brioschi. Pubblicate per cura del comitato per le onoranze a Francesco Brioschi (G. Ascoli, E. Beltrami, G. Colombo, L. Cremona, G. Negri, G. Schiaparelli) vol. 1 (U. Hoepli,Milano, 1901–1909)
- [Opere matematiche di Francesco Brioschi pubblicate per cura del Comitato per le onoranze a Francesco Brioschi...(vols. 1-5)] (U. Hoepli,Milano, 1901–1909)
- Théorie des déterminants et leurs principales applications (Mallet-Bachelier, Paris, 1856) (French translation of "La teorica dei determinanti e le sue principali applicazioni" by E. Combescure)
- White, H. S. (1906). "Review: Opere matematiche di Francesco Brioschi, vols. 1, 2, & 3". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 12 (8): 408–409. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1906-01365-9.
- Grande Dizionario Enciclopedico (UTET, 1967)
- Enciclopedia Universal (Rizzoli-Larousse, 1967)
- Mac Tutor biography
- Francesco Brioschi at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- Tricomi: La Matematica Italiana 1800-1950 (entry on Brioschi)
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