|Alma mater||University of Pisa|
|Academic advisors||don Raffaello Parenti|
Francesco Mallegni - Italian paleoanthropologist, author of forensic facial reconstructions of several Italian Medieval persons.
Assistant in 1973, associated in 1980, since 2002 professor of paleoanthropology at the department of archaeological sciences in Pisa and Siena.
In 2002 Francesco Mallegni conducted DNA testing on the recently excavated bodies of the Ugolino and his children. His analysis agrees with the remains being a father, his sons and his grandsons. Additional comparison to DNA from modern day members of the Gherardesca family leave Mallegni about 98 percent sure that he has identified the remains correctly. However, the Forensic analysis discredits the allegation of cannibalism. Analysis of the rib bones of the Ugolino skeleton reveals traces of magnesium, but no zinc, implying he had consumed no meat in the months before his death. Ugolino also had few remaining teeth and is believed to have been in his 70s when he was imprisoned, making it further unlikely that he could have outlived and eaten his descendants in captivity. Additionally, Mallegni notes that the putative Ugolino skull was damaged; perhaps he did not ultimately die of starvation, although malnourishment is evident.
During an excavation in the 1970s bones were discovered beneath the paving of Santa Reparata at a spot close to the location given by Vasari, but unmarked on either level. Forensic examination of the bones by Francesco Mallegni and a team of experts in 2000 brought to light some facts that seemed to confirm that they were those of a painter, particularly the range of chemicals, including arsenic and lead, both commonly found in paint, that the bones had absorbed.
The new face shows softer traits: large eyes, a rounded jaw and a gentler expression, although the nose remains crooked. The multidisciplinary project to reconstruct Dante's face lasted about two months, using a plaster model of the skull and 3D computer technology and other techniques to simulate muscles and skin.
- Mona Lisa
- Elias of Cortona
- Pope Gregory VII
- Saint Homobonus
- Andrea Mantegna
- Vespasiano Gonzaga
- Luigi Boccherini
- I neandertalini. Comparsa e scomparsa di una specie by David Caramelli, Francesco Mallegni Brunetto Chiarelli (Jan 1, 2009)
- Memorie dal sottosuolo e dintorni. Metodologie per un «recupero e trattamenti adeguati» dei resti umani erratici e da sepolture by Francesco Mallegni (Jan 1, 2005)
- Il conte Ugolino di Donoratico tra antropologia e storia by M. Luisa Ceccarelli Lemut Francesco Mallegni (Jan 1, 2003)
- Nicole Martinelli, "Dante and the Cannibal Count", Newsweek (1 February 2007).
- Francesco Mallegni, M. Luisa Ceccarelli Lemut. Il conte Ugolino di Donoratico tra antropologia e storia (2003).
- IOL,September 22, 2000
- Dante's New Look // The Associated Press
- Remains of the supposed “Mona Lisa” being exhumed in Florence
- FRANCESCO MALLEGNI: Lo studioso che dà un volto ai grandi del passato // toscanaoggi.it
- Ricreato il volto di Gregorio X dopo la ricognizione del corpo // toscanaoggi.it