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Francesco Marchisano (born 25 June 1929 in Racconigi, Province of Cuneo) is an Italian Cardinal who has worked in the Roman Curia since 1956. Born in Racconigi, he was ordained a priest in Turin by Cardinal Maurilio Fossati in 1952.
A period of study in Rome intended to be temporary turned permanent when he was offered his first Curial appointment by Cardinal Giuseppe Pizzardo. Rising through the Vatican dicastery then headed by Cardinal Pizzardo (then the Sacred Congregation for Seminaries and Universities, now the Congregation for Catholic Education), he eventually served as its Undersecretary from 1969 to 1988. He was also advanced to monsignor, becoming a Papal Chamberlain in 1961 and a Prelate of Honour in 1971.
In 1988 Pope John Paul II named Monsignor Marchisano to become a bishop, and personally consecrated him on 6 January 1989. Since then he has served as president and Secretary of various Vatican organs, being promoted to archbishop in 1994.
His past positions include:
- President of the Pontifical Commission for Sacred Archeology (1991–2004)
- President of the Pontifical Commission for the Cultural Heritage of the Church (1993–2002)
- President of the Artistic-Cultural Commission of the Grand Jubilee Year 2000
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|See||Populonia (titular see)|
In 2002 he was named to succeed Cardinal Virgilio Noè as Archpriest of the Patriarchal Vatican Basilica, Vicar General for the State of Vatican City, and President of the Fabric of Saint Peter. This being a position reserved for a Cardinal, Archbishop Marchisano was duly elevated in the next consistory the following year, becoming Cardinal-Deacon of Santa Lucia del Gonfalone. Some months after being additionally appointed President of the Permanent Commission for the Care of the Historical and Artistic Monuments of the Holy See.
He passed the normal retirement age of 75 for Curial positions in 2004, though this is frequently waived (Cardinal Noe had remained in office past his 80th birthday). After the death of Cardinal Jan Pieter Schotte, Cardinal Marchisano was named on 5 February 2005, to succeed him as President of the Labour Office of the Apostolic See, retaining his other positions. However, Archbishop Angelo Comastri was named to the unusual position of Coadjutor Archpriest of Saint Peter's. He was also the eventual successor to Cardinal Marchisano's other posts at the Vatican.
Cardinal Marchisano was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2005 papal conclave that selected Pope Benedict XVI. In a funeral Mass for Pope John Paul II celebrated the day after his funeral, Cardinal Marchisano revealed that he had been cured of an illness of the throat after the late pope had prayed and touched him.
On 31 October 2006 Pope Benedict named Angelo Comastri to succeed Cardinal Marchisano as Archpriest of St Peter's Basilica. On 3 July 2009 Pope Benedict accepted the resignation of Cardinal Marchisano as president of the Labour Office of the Apostolic See and appointed in his place Giorgio Corbellini.
On June 25, 2009 Francesco Marchisano turned 80 years old and lost the right to participate in a papal conclave and so did not participate in the 2013 conclave which elected Pope Francis. Cardinal Marchisano however was one of the six cardinals who made the public act of obedience on behalf of the College of Cardinals to the new pope at his papal inauguration.[a]
- The other five cardinals were Giovanni Battista Re, Tarcisio Bertone, Joachim Meisner, Jozef Tomko and Renato Raffaele Martino. Cardinals Re and Bertone represented the cardinal-bishops; Cardinals Meisner and Tomko represented the cardinal-priests while Cardinal Martino along with Cardinal Marchisano himself represented the cardinal-deacons.
- "Bulletin of 3 July 2009" (in Italian). Press Office of the Holy See.
- "MARCHISANO, Francesco". Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church.
- Rolandi, Luca (2013-03-19). "Il giorno di Papa Francesco: La messa di inizio pontificato in Piazza San Pietro" (in Italian). Retrieved 2013-10-15.
- Inaugural Mass of the Pontificate (Vatican video of Pope Francis' papal inauguration on YouTube
|Catholic Church titles|
|President of the Pontifical Commission for the Cultural Heritage of the Church
4 May 1993 – 13 October 2003
|Vicar General of His Holiness for Vatican City
24 April 2002 – 5 February 2005
|Archpriest of St. Peter's Basilica
24 April 2002 – 31 October 2006
|President of the Fabric of Saint Peter
24 April 2002 – 28 August 2004
Jan Pieter Schotte
|President of the Labour Office of the Apostolic See
5 February 2005 – 3 July 2009