Francesco Morlacchi (14 June 1784 – 28 October 1841) was an Italian composer of more than twenty operas. During the many years he spent as the royal Royal Kapellmeister in Dresden, he was instrumental in popularizing the Italian style of opera.
Born in Perugia, Morlacchi composed from a very young age, first studying with his uncle Giovanni Mazzetti and later with Luigi Caruso. He later studied at Loreto with Zingarelli. Finally, he ended up in Bologna at the school of Stanislao Mattei where he met Gioacchino Rossini.
Morlacchi's first operatic works were written in 1807, and were a farce and a comic opera. His first truly effective theatre work was the opera seria Corradino (Parma, 1808), and lead to commissions from opera houses in Rome and Milan. In 1810 he was brought to Dresden by contralto Marietta Marcolini, and in 1811 Morlacchi was made Kapellmeister of the Italian Opera in Dresden. While in Dresden, he had to work to establish himself in the eyes of critics. By this time, German opera was well established, and Morlacchi and his compositions were seen to represent the old order both of composers and the aristocracy. Morlacchi set Il barbiere di Siviglia in the very same year Rossini presented his The Barber of Seville. Morlacchi's was to the older Giuseppe Petrosellini libretto, whereas Rossini's was to the newer libretto by Cesare Sterbini.
One of Morlacchi's most successful works was Tebaldo e Isolina (La Fenice, Venice, 1822). Giovanni Battista Velluti premiered the work, and made the role his own. The opera was performed in 40 cities over the next ten years, largely thanks to Velluti's skillful performance.
The architect Gottlob Friedrich Thormeyer painted his portrait in 1829.
- Oratorio - La passione di Gesù Cristo 1812, one of the last settings of Metastasio's libretto of 1730.
Although sometimes credited with it, Francesco Morlacchi did not compose "The Swiss Shepherd." "The Swiss Shepherd" was instead written by Italian flautist Pietro Morlacchi (1828-1868).