Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
|Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld|
|Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld|
|Spouse||Princess Sophie of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Countess Augusta of Reuss-Ebersdorf
|Issue||Princess Sophie, Countess von Mensdorff-Pouilly
Antoinette, Duchess Alexander of Württemberg
Grand Duchess Anna Feodorovna of Russia
Prince Ferdinand Georg
Victoria, Duchess of Kent and Strathearn
Leopold I of Belgium
Prince Franz Maximilian
|(German: Franz Friedrich Anton)
(English: Francis Frederick Anthony)
|House||House of Wettin|
|Father||Ernst Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld|
|Mother||Sophia Antonia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel|
15 July 1750|
Coburg, Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Holy Roman Empire
|Died||9 December 1806
Coburg, Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Confederation of the Rhine
Franz Frederick Anton, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (Coburg, 15 July 1750 – Coburg, 9 December 1806), was a duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. He is a patrilineal ancestor of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, King Philippe of Belgium and Simeon B. Sakskoburggotski, former tsar (Simeon II) and prime minister of Bulgaria.
Franz Frederick succeeded his father in the duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld when he died in 1800.
He received a private, careful and comprehensive education. As a result of this training, he became a large art connoisseur. Franz Frederick is considered as the greatest collector of books and illustrations among the dukes of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (later Gotha). He laid the basis for a 300,000 picture collection of copperplate engravings in 1775, which can be visited today on the Veste Coburg and equipped the library of his residence with an extensive book collection. In 1805, he bought back the Schloss Rosenau as a summer residence for his family; due to an administration of the debts of his father, Ernst Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, the property had passed out of the family.
In Hildburghausen on 6 March 1776, Franz Frederick married Sophie of Saxe-Hildburghausen, a daughter of Ernst Frederick III Karl, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen. She died on 28 October 1776, only seven months after her wedding. There were no children born from this marriage.
Second marriage and children
|Name||Date of birth||Date of death||Age at death||Notes|
|Sophie Fredericka Caroline Luise||19 August 1778, in Coburg||8 July 1835, in Tušimice, Bohemia||56 years||Married on 23 February 1804 to Emmanuel von Mensdorff-Pouilly (later Count von Mensdorff-Pouilly).|
|Antoinette Ernestine Amalie||28 August 1779, in Coburg||14 March 1824, in St. Petersburg||44 years||Married on 17 November 1798 to Alexander of Württemberg.|
|Juliane Henriette Ulrike (upon her marriage, she took the name Anna Feodorovna in a Russian Orthodox baptism)||23 September 1781, in Coburg||15 August 1860, in Elfenau, near Berne, Switzerland||78 years||Married on 26 February 1796 to Grand Duke Constantine Pavlovich of Russia, the younger brother of Czar Alexander I of Russia (they divorced in 1820).|
|Ernst I Anton Karl Ludwig, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha||2 January 1784, in Coburg||29 January 1844, in Gotha||60 years||The father of Prince Albert, the husband of Queen Victoria.|
|Ferdinand Georg August||28 March 1785, in Coburg||27 August 1851, in Vienna||66 years||The father of Ferdinand II of Portugal and Victoria, Duchess of Nemours, and the grandfather of Ferdinand I of Bulgaria. By his marriage he became the founder of the Koháry branch of the Saxe-Coburg and Gotha line.|
|Marie Luise Victoria||17 August 1786, in Coburg||16 March 1861, in Frogmore House||74 years||Married on 11 July 1818 to Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, the fourth son of King George III of Great Britain, the mother of Queen Victoria.|
|Marianne Charlotte||7 August 1788, in Coburg||23 August 1794, in Coburg||6 years|
|Leopold Georg Christian Frederick||16 December 1790, in Coburg||10 December 1865, in Laeken||75 years||First king of the Belgians under the name of Leopold I. His children included Leopold II of Belgium and Empress Carlota of Mexico.|
|Franz Maximilian Ludwig||12 December 1792, in Coburg||3 January 1793, in Coburg||22 days|
His descendants established ruling houses in Belgium, United Kingdom, Portugal and Bulgaria. His son Leopold ruled as Leopold I of the Belgians. His male-line great-grandson reigned as Edward VII of the United Kingdom. Another grandson, Ferdinand, reigned as jure uxoris king Ferdinand II of Portugal. His granddaughter, Leopold I of Belgium's daughter, was Empress Carlota of Mexico. He was also the maternal grandfather of Queen Victoria. Furthermore, a great-grandson ruled as Ferdinand I of Bulgaria.
- August Beck: Franz Friedrich Anton, Herzog von Sachsen-Koburg-Saalfeld. In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) vol. VII, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1877, p. 296.
- Carl-Christian Dressel: Die Entwicklung von Verfassung und Verwaltung in Sachsen-Coburg 1800 - 1826 im Vergleich, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-428-12003-1.
- Christian Kruse: Franz Friedrich Anton von Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld: 1750 - 1806, in: Jahrbuch der Coburger Landesstiftung, Coburg 1995.
Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-SaalfeldBorn: 15 July 1750 Died: 9 December 1806
|Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld