Francis Coplan (Agent FX 18) is the fictional secret agent created by Paul Kenny, the nom de plume of Belgian authors Gaston Van den Panhuyse (1913-1995) and Jean Libert (1913-1981). Francis Coplan was an electronics engineer recruited by the SDECE. From his first appearance in Fleuve Noir Sans Issue/No Exit in 1953 until Sales coup a Moscau Coplan in 1996, 237 novels of Coplan were written using the name of Paul Kenny. After the death of Libert, Van den Punhuyse carried on writing alone. After his death Serge Jacquemard took over until 1996. Van den Punhyse and Libert also wrote 18 science fiction novels under the name "Jean-Gaston Vandel" for Fleuve Noir's "Anticipation" series from 1952-1956 until the success of Coplan led them to write his adventures on a full-time basis.
By 1970, Coplan books were selling 3.5 million copies a year around the world.
- Action immédiate (To Catch a Spy, 1957) (based on the novel Action immédiate), with Henri Vidal, directed by Maurice Labro
- Coplan Agent Secret FX 18 (FX 18 Secret Agent, 1964) (based on Coplan tente sa chance), with Ken Clark, directed by Maurice Cloche
- Coplan prend des risques (The Spy I Love, 1964) (based on Étau sans pitié), with Dominique Paturel, directed by Maurice Labro
- Coplan FX 18 casse tout (FX 18 Superspy, 1965) (based on Stoppez Coplan), with Richard Wyler, directed by Riccardo Freda
- Coplan ouvre le feu à Mexico (Mexican Slayride, 1967) (based on Coplan fait peau neuve), with Lang Jeffries, directed by Riccardo Freda
- Coplan sauve se peau (Coplan Saves His Skin, 1968) (based on Coplan paie le cercueil), with Claudio Brook, directed by Yves Boisset
Over 3,000 strips by Pol Greffiere (nom de plume of Pierre leGoff)
- French Wold Newton Universe 1945-Present
- Bureau De Línvisible
- p.511 Coward, David A History of French Literature: From Chanson de Geste to Cinema 2002 Blackwell Publishing
- Comic creator: Pierre Le Goff
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