Francis Douglas (priest)
Vernon Francis Douglas (1910-1943) was a priest of the Missionary Society of St. Columban who was killed in the Philippines by Japanese soldiers in 1943. He was born in Johnsonville, near Wellington, New Zealand, the fifth of eight children (five sons and three daughters) of Kathleen Gaffney and her husband, George Charles Douglas, an Australian-born railway worker. His mother was a devout Catholic from County Sligo, Ireland, and his father became a Catholic in 1926.
Douglas trained for the Catholic priesthood at Holy Cross Seminary, Mosgiel. Within a few months of his ordination, at the end of 1934, he applied to join the Missionary Society of St. Columban. He was curate at New Plymouth when he left to join the society at the start of 1937. He was appointed to the Philippines in July 1939. He was posted to Pililla. Five years later during the Japanese occupation he was taken by secret police looking for information on guerillas who were very active in his area. Over three days he was savagely beaten and had a cruel torture of the water cure, the presumption being that police were trying to extort information from him about guerillas whose confessions he may have heard. He remained silent through it all, and was last seen on the evening of 27 July 1943, very weak but still conscious, being put on a truck with a guard of Japanese soldiers. He was not seen again and his grave has never been found. It was only after the liberation of the Philippines from Japanese occupation at the end of 1944 that the Columbans could start to piece his story together. What emerged was a picture of a priest, aged 33, who could be regarded as a martyr, having demonstrated outstanding priestly fidelity (especially to the Seal of Confession). He is remembered in the name of a boys college in New Plymouth, Francis Douglas Memorial College.
- Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand
- O'Meeghan 2011, p. 260.
- "Father Francis Douglas", Francis Douglas Memorial College, New Plymouth website (retrieved 18 February 2011)
- Michael King,God's Farthest Outpost: A History of Catholics in New Zealan, Penguin Book Auckland, 1998.
- Patricia Brookes,With No Regrets: The Story of Francis Vernon Dougla, Claretian Publications, Quezon City, Philippines, 1998.
- Michael O'Meeghan, Steadfast in Hope: The Story of the Catholic Archdiocese of Wellington 1850-200, Dunmore Press, Palmerston North, 2011.