|Francis Joseph Fogarty|
16 January 1899|
|Died||12 January 1973
|Service/branch||Royal Air Force|
|Years of service||1917–1957|
|Rank||Air Chief Marshal|
|Commands held||Far East Air Force|
|Battles/wars||World War I
World War II
|Awards||GBE KCB DFC AFC|
|Other work||Director of Racal Electronics
President of the British Airport Construction and Equipment Association
Deputy President of the Air League
Director-General of the English Speaking Union
Air Chief Marshal Sir Francis Joseph Fogarty GBE KCB DFC AFC (16 January 1899 – 12 January 1973) was a senior commander in the Royal Air Force during World War II and also in the post-War years. During World War I he served as a pilot in the Royal Flying Corps. He was transferred to the RAF on its creation in 1918 and remained in the Service during the inter-War years.
Early life and pre-World War II career
Francis Fogarty was born in Cork, Ireland on 16 January 1899. Fogarty attended Farranferris College in Cork. In 1917 he joined the Royal Flying Corps as an Air Mechanic. However, he was soon selected for training as a pilot and was commissioned as a second lieutenant. During the last year of World War I, Fogarty served as a pilot on No. 98 Squadron, participating in the Battle of Amiens but having to land with engine trouble before he could bomb German airfields or rail lines.
Remaining in the RAF after the war, Fogarty was soon to see active service again, this time in Iraq. He was posted to No. 84 Squadron where he continued operational flying gaining a mention in dispatches and, after two years, receiving the Distinguished Flying Cross in 1922 for distinguished service. After spending the mid-1920s as a qualified flying instructor at No. 2 Flying Training School, Fogarty returned to Iraq and No. 84 Squadron in 1928 as a flight commander.
The first half of the 1930s saw Fogarty return to Great Britain, initially as the adjutant and qualified flying instructor on No. 601 (County of London) Squadron and then a short time later carrying out the same roles on No. 604 (County of Middlesex) Squadron, which he was instrumental in establishing with the assistance of a warrant officer and 19 airmen. In 1935, he took up his first command appointment as the Officer Commanding No. 84 Squadron back in Iraq before returning to Great Britain in 1937 to serve on the air staff of the recently formed Bomber Command. The following year he was appointed Officer Commanding No. 37 (Bomber) Squadron at Feltwell in Norfolk.
World War II
Although promoted to wing commander in 1938, Fogarty was promoted to group captain in 1940 and, around the same time, appointed Station Commander of RAF Mildenhall which was a bomber station. While at Mildenhall, he appeared in the film "Target for To-night", which won a special Academy Award. The following year on 8 September 1941, he was appointed to lead No. 8 (Bomber) Group within Bomber Command.
In 1943 Fogarty was a member of the RAF mission to Ottawa and in August 1944 he became the Senior Air Staff Officer at the headquarters of No. 4 Group. Towards the end of the war he was promoted to acting air vice-marshal and became the Air Officer Administration for the Mediterranean Allied Air Forces.
After the War, Fogarty was appointed Air Officer Commanding RAF Italy before becoming Air Officer Administration of the RAF Mediterranean and Middle East command in 1946. The following summer he returned to Great Britain to become the Senior Air Staff Officer at Headquarters Flying Training Command and receive a substantive promotion to air vice-marshal. From 1949 to 1952 he was Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief the Far East Air Force, dealing with the challenges of the Malayan Emergency and receiving promotion to air marshal in 1950. From 1952 to the end of 1956 he was the RAF's Air Member for Personnel, gaining his final promotion to air chief marshal towards the end of 1953. He retired in January 1957.
In retirement Fogarty became involved in business, as the director of Racal Electronics and also as president of the British Airport Construction and Equipment Association. In addition he was a deputy president of the Air League and director-general of the English Speaking Union. Fogarty died at his home in Surrey on 12 January 1973.
Honours and awards
- Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire - 1 January 1957 (KBE - 8 June 1950)
- Knights Commander of the Order of the Bath - 1 June 1953 (CB - 1 January 1946)
- Distinguished Flying Cross - 6 June 1924
- Air Force Cross - 4 June 1934
- Mentioned in Despatches - 10 October 1922, 1 January 1941, 24 September 1941, 1 January 1942
- Barrass, Malcolm (16 June 2007). "Air Chief Marshal Sir Francis Fogarty". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 1 April 2010.
- Lambert, William R; Brown, Robin A (1967). A short history of No. 98 Squadron RAF. Retrieved 2010-04-01.
- The London Gazette: . 10 October 1922. Retrieved 2010-03-31.
- The London Gazette: . 6 June 1924. Retrieved 2010-03-31.
- The London Gazette: . 6 November 1953. Retrieved 2010-03-31.
- The London Gazette: . 15 February 1957. Retrieved 2010-03-31.
- "Sir Francis Fogarty". The New York Times. 14 January 1973.
- Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation - Air Chief Marshal Sir Francis Fogarty
- aeroconservancy.com - RFC Training Transfer Card to 2nd Lieut. Frances Fogarty
Sir Hugh Lloyd
|Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief Far East Air Force
Sir Clifford Sanderson
Sir Leslie Hollinghurst
|Air Member for Personnel
Sir John Whitley