Francis Godolphin (1540–1608)

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For other people named Francis Godolphin, see Francis Godolphin.

Sir Francis Godolphin (1540–1608) was an English Member of Parliament.

Life[edit]

The nephew of Sir William Godolphin, who left no male issue, he succeeded to his uncle's estates early in Queen Elizabeth's reign. He was one of the leading citizens of Cornwall, described by that county's 17th century historian, Richard Carew, as one "whose zeal in religion, uprightness in justice, providence in government, and plentiful housekeeping, have won him a very great and reverent reputation in his country". (The Survey of Cornwall, 1602, quoted in Burke's Extinct Peerage).

His father, Thomas, had been governor of the Scilly Isles and they were leased to Francis who became governor in his turn (see Governors of Scilly). On royal instructions he improved the defences of the islands which were, in Carew's words "reduced to a more defensible plight by him, who with his invention and purse, bettered his plot and allowance, and therein so tempered strength and delight, and both with use, as it serveth for a sure hold, and a commodious dwelling." Chief among this work of fortification was the building of Star Castle. He was also an innovative manager of Cornwall's tin mines, his inventions greatly increasing their productivity by extracting metal from material; that would previously have been discarded as refuse, so materially improving both the prosperity of Cornwall and the revenue that the Crown derived from it.

Sir Francis represented Cornwall in the Parliament of 1588-9 and Lostwithiel in that of 1593; he was also twice High Sheriff of Cornwall (1580 and 1604), Custos Rotulorum for a number of years, and Vice-Warden of the Stannaries from 1584 to 1603.

Family[edit]

Godolphin married Margaret Killigrew, daughter of Sir John Killigrew of Arwennack and accused pirate Elizabeth Trewinnard; and two of his sons, Sir William (his heir) and Sir Francis, followed him in becoming Members of Parliament. His daughter Thomasine married George Carew.[1]

In fiction[edit]

In the historical novel The Grove of Eagles, by Winston Graham, Godolphin is shown as a sympathetic figure. The main characters are the family of his first wife, the Killigrews: both out of family feeling and his concern for law and order, Godolphin warns them that their reputation for piracy will lead them into ruin.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^  "Carew, George (d.1612)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
William Lower
High Sheriff of Cornwall
1580
Succeeded by
John Arundell
Preceded by
Anthony Rous
High Sheriff of Cornwall
1604
Succeeded by
Nicholas Prideaux
Preceded by
Peter Edgcumbe
Custos Rotulorum of Cornwall
1597–1606
Succeeded by
The Earl of Pembroke
Preceded by
The Earl of Bedford
Lord Lieutenant of Cornwall
jointly with Richard Carew,
Sir William Mohun,
and Peter Edgcumbe

1586–1587
Succeeded by
Sir Walter Raleigh
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Peter Edgcumbe
Sir William Mohun
Member of Parliament for Cornwall
with Peter Edgcumbe

1588–1589
Succeeded by
Peter Edgcumbe
William Bevil
Preceded by
William Fitzwilliams
William Gardiner
Member of Parliament for Lostwithiel
with John Beal

1593
Succeeded by
William Cornwallis
John Cooke
Honorary titles
Preceded by
(newly established)
Governor of the Isles of Scilly
1568−1608
Succeeded by
William Godolphin