Francis IV, Duke of Modena

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Francis IV, Duke of Modena
FrancIVEste.jpg
Francis IV of Modena with the Austrian Golden Fleece
Spouse(s) Maria Beatrice of Savoy
Noble family House of Austria-Este
Father Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Este
Mother Maria Beatrice Ricciarda d'Este
Born (1779-10-06)6 October 1779
Milan
Died 21 January 1846(1846-01-21) (aged 66)
Modena

Francis IV Joseph Charles Ambrose Stanislaus (Italian: Francesco IV Giuseppe Carlo Ambrogio Stanislao d'Absburgo-Este; 6 October 1779 – 21 January 1846) was Duke of Modena, Reggio, and Mirandola (from 1815), Duke of Massa and Prince of Carrara (from 1829), Archduke of Austria-Este, Royal Prince of Hungary and Bohemia, Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece. He was a grandson of Maria Theresa of Austria, head of the House of Habsburg, and was heir to the Modena branch of the House of Este through his mother. He thus became the first member of the House of Habsburg-Este to rule the Este inheritance in Northern Italy.

Francis was born in Milan. His father was Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Este, Duke of Breisgau, his mother Maria Beatrice Ricciarda d'Este, Duchess of Massa and Princess of Carrara, Lady of Lunigiana.

Francis is distinguished for his stern and tyrannic rule by which he repressed all the democratic movements appearing during his reign, particularly following a major revolt in 1830. The harshness of the Ducal policies are illustrated by the hanging of Ciro Menotti for an attempted insurrection against the Duke (1831).

Family[edit]

In 1812 Francis married his niece the Princess Maria Beatrice of Savoy, who was the daughter of King Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia and his sister Archduchess Maria Teresa of Austria-Este. The couple had four children:

Styles, Honours and awards[edit]

Styles[edit]

  • 6 October 1779 - 24 December 1806 His Imperial and Royal Highness Archduke Francis of Austria-Este
  • 24 December 1806 - 14 July 1814 His Imperial and Royal Highness The Archduke of Austria-Este
  • 14 July 1814 - 21 January 1846 His Imperial and Royal Highness The Duke of Modena, Archduke of Austria-Este
    • Jacobite, 10 January 1824 - 15 September 1840 His Royal Highness The Prince Consort of England, Scotland and Ireland
    • Jacobite, 15 September 1840 - 21 January 1846 His Royal Highness Prince Francis of England, Scotland and Ireland

Austria-Hungary[edit]

Foreign[edit]

See also[edit]



Francis IV, Duke of Modena
Cadet branch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Born: 6 October 1779 Died: 21 January 1846
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria-Este
1806–1846
Succeeded by
Francis V
Preceded by
Ercole III, then Cispadane Republic
Duke of Modena
1814–1846
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Maria Theresa of Austria-Este
as Queen consort
— TITULAR —
Prince consort of England
Prince consort of Ireland

10 January 1824–15 September 1840
Reason for succession failure:
Glorius revolution
Vacant
Title next held by
Adelgunde of Bavaria
as Queen consort
— TITULAR —
Prince consort of Scots
10 January 1824–15 September 1840
Reason for succession failure:
Glorious revolution