Francis J. Haverfield

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Francis John Haverfield (born at Shipston-on-Stour on November 8, 1860; died 1919) was a British historian and archaeologist.

Educated at Winchester College[1] and the University of Oxford, he also worked under Theodor Mommsen. In 1907 he became Camden Professor of Ancient History at Oxford.

Haverfield was the first to undertake a scientific study of Roman Britain and he is considered by some to be the first theorist to tackle the issue of the Romanization of the Roman Empire. Some consider him the innovator of the discipline of Romano-British archaeology.[2] His works include The Romanization of Roman Britain (1905),[3] Ancient Town Planning (1913),[4] and The Roman Occupation of Britain (1924), many monographs, and the authoritative chapters he contributed to the Victoria History of the Counties of England. He excavated the Roman fort at Hardknott, the site of ancient Mediobogdum in Cumbria.[5] He collected and published known Latin inscriptions in Britain.[6]

Among his students was the archaeologist and topographer Thomas Ashby (1874–1931), the first scholar and third director of the British School at Rome, the Oxford historian, archaeologist, and philosopher R. G. Collingwood (1889–1943) as well as John Garstang (1876-1956), archaeologist and anthropologist (J. Garstang, 1950).


  1. ^ Sabben-Clare, James. Winchester College. Paul Cave Publications, 1981. p. 187
  2. ^ Philip Freeman (2007). The Best Training-ground for Archaeologists: Francis Haverfield and the Invention of Romano-British Archaeology. Oxbow. ISBN 978-1-84217-280-3. 
  3. ^ F. (Francis) Haverfield (January 2012). The Romanization of Roman Britain. HardPress. ISBN 978-1-290-35685-5. 
  4. ^ F. (Francis ) Haverfield (16 April 2014). Ancient Town-Planning. Bookpubber. GGKEY:G06BW3ESND5. 
  5. ^ Francis Haverfield (1893). The Roman Fort on Hardknott, Known as Hardknott Castle. T. Wilson. 
  6. ^ Francis Haverfield (1892). Roman Inscriptions in Britain: 1888-1890. William Pollard & Company. 

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