Francis L. Sampson
|Francis L. Sampson|
Major General Francis L. Sampson
12th Chief of Chaplains of the United States Army
February 29, 1912|
|Died||January 28, 1996
Sioux Falls, South Dakota
|Resting Place||Saint Catherine Cemetery
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1942 - 1971|
|Commands held||U.S. Army Chaplain Corps|
|Battles/wars||World War II
|Awards|| Distinguished Service Cross
Bronze Star (V)
Army Commendation Medal
Father (Major General) Francis L. Sampson, USA (February 29, 1912 – January 28, 1996) was a Catholic priest from Archdiocese for the Military Services and an American Army officer who served as the 12th Chief of Chaplains of the United States Army from 1967 to 1971. Notably, his real life story of his rescuing a young soldier became the inspiration for the film Saving Private Ryan.
Brief Summary of His Life
Francis L. Sampson was born on 29 February 1912, in Cherokee Iowa. He attended the University of Notre Dame, graduating in 1937, and then entered St. Paul's Seminary at Saint Paul, Minnesota. He was ordained to the Roman Catholic priesthood for the Des Moines, Iowa, diocese on 1 June 1941. Following his ordination, Father Sampson served briefly as a parish priest in Neola, Iowa, and also taught at Dowling High School in Des Moines.
Sampson received permission from his bishop the Most Reverend Gerald T. Bergan, of Des Moines, Iowa to enter the United States Army as a chaplain. It was at Harvard University, strangely enough, that he really began his odyssey; for it was at Harvard that new Army chaplains received their initial entry training into the U.S. Army chaplaincy during most of the World War II. After finishing the month-long course, Chaplain Sampson volunteered for an airborne assignment. It was a decision that would define the rest of his life. It was also a decision; he wrote later, that was made out of ignorance. "Like a zealous young business man, starting to in a strange town," he admitted, "I was ready to join anything out of a sheer sense of civic duty."
He entered the Army in Early 1942, was commissioned as a first Lieutenant, and began his Army career at Camp Berkley, Texas. The month of January 1943, was spent in training at the Chaplain School. He then joined the 501st Parachute Regiment, of the 101st Airborne Division, as its regimental chaplain. He would be its chaplain for the rest of the war.
"Frankly, I did not know when I signed up for the airborne that chaplains would be expected to jump from an airplane in flight. Had I known this beforehand, and particularly has I known the tortures of mind and body prepared at Fort Benning for those who sought the coveted parachute wings, I am positive that I should have turned a deaf ear to the plea for airborne chaplains. However, once having signed up, I was too proud to back out. Besides, the airborne are the elite troops of the Army, and I already began to enjoy the prestige and glamour that goes with belonging to such an outfit."
It was during the invasion of France, in the summer of 1944, that the story of Chaplain Sampson began to take on its legendary quality. Lawrence Critchell, in his book Four Stars of Hell, described him as “one of the most respected and best-loved officers in the Regiment,” while S.L.A Marshall in Night Drop, portrays Sampson as “a jolly man, deeply loved by the Regiment.” John Eisenhower in The Bitter Woods, and John Toland in Battle and The Last Hundred Days wrote about their beloved Chaplain. While many saw Sampson as a heroic figure Sampson remembered in those initial days among the hedgerows of Normandy, “no pair of knees shook more than my own, nor any heart ever beat faster in times of danger.” Members of the 501st were present on D-Day, June 6, 1944. They helped to gain an Allied toehold on the coast of France. Chaplain Sampson stayed with the wounded who couldn’t be moved at a large farmhouse, which had been used at the unit’s command post until moved farther away from enemy lines. The area became taken over by units of the Waffen SS. He was then taken prisoner by two soldiers, and put up against a wall to be shot. He recalled that he was so frightened that instead of reciting an Act of Contrition, the usual prayer for the forgiveness of sins, he kept repeating to himself the Catholic blessing before meals: “Bless us, Our Lord, and these Thy gifts, which we are about to receive through Thy bounty through Christ Our Lord, Amen.” Rescued at the last minute by a German noncommissioned officer who was Catholic, Chaplain Sampson was escorted to a nearby German intelligence post where he was interrogated, found harmless and then released. He returned to the medic station and helped heal the wounded soldiers from both the American and German troops. Sampson was later awarded the Distinguished Service Cross, the nation’s second highest American military award, for his selfless help to the soldiers.
During what was supposed to be a well-deserved rest in a small French town just outside of Paris there was a surprise assault by German forces through the Ardennes. This was to become the Battle of the Bulge. From the confusion Sampson was taken prisoner again on the 19 December 1944. He was sealed in a train for six days without food or water and the train was also attacked at intervals by American aircraft. Imprisoned in Stalag II A, near Berlin, Chaplain Sampson was allowed to remain in the enlisted men’s prison, rather than the officer’s prison, at his own request.
At midnight on 28, April 1945, Russian tanks freed the camp and ended the four months of bitter winter imprisonment. In October 1945, Chaplain Sampson returned to the United Sates and went back to his teaching duties at Dowling High School in Des Moines. He returned to active duty in July 1946, as a regimental chaplain with the 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 82nd Airborne Division. The following years saw him serve a number of important posts. He was regimental chaplain with the 187th Airborne Infantry Regiment, from 1947 to 1951. He served in Korea until he was sent home in 1951. Then he served as an instructor at the U.S. Army Chaplain School at Fort Slocum, New York, until 1954. From 1955 to 1958 he served as the 11th Airborne Division chaplain.
In 1961 Sampson was promoted to full colonel, he served as Seventh Army Chaplain from 1962 to 1965 and then as the USCONARC Staff Chaplain in 1965. The next year he was appointed as the Deputy Chief of Chaplains of the United States Army and promoted to the rank of Brigadier General. Sampson was a highly-decorated airborne hero of both World War I and the Korean conflict and a central power figure in the Vietnam war. He served as Chief of Chaplains from 1967 until his retirement in 1971. After his retirement Sampson was installed as Pastor of Saint Mary’s Cathoic Church, Shenandoah, Iowa, on 1 September 1971. He was National President of the USO from 1971-1974 and from 1983-1987 was Assistant to the President of Notre Dame as Director of ROTC. On January 28, 1996 Francis L. Sampson passed away.
“Pray for me, as I will thee, that we may merrily meet in heaven” Francis L. Sampson
Two Years after his death the movie Saving Private Ryan was released. This movie is based on one of the missions Sampson completed during his military career.
Awards and decorations
|Distinguished Service Cross|
|Bronze Star (with valor device)|
|Army Commendation Medal (with one bronze oak leaf cluster)|
|Presidential Unit Citation (with two bronze oak leaf clusters)|
|Prisoner of War Medal|
|American Defense Service Medal|
|American Campaign Medal|
|European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal (with arrowhead device and two bronze service stars)|
|World War II Victory Medal|
|Army of Occupation Medal|
|National Defense Service Medal (with one bronze oak leaf cluster)|
|Korean Service Medal (with four bronze service stars)|
|French Croix de Guerre with Palm|
|Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation|
|United Nations Service Medal for Korea|
- Hourihan, William H. (2008). Fr. Francis L. Sampson, Chaplain WWII, Korea, Vietnam. catholicmil.org.
- Des Moines Register Feb. 4, 2008.
Charles E. Brown, Jr.
|Chief of Chaplains of the United States Army
1967 – 1971
Gerhardt W. Hyatt