Francis Magalona

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Francis Magalona
Francis Magalona.jpg
Background information
Birth name Francis Michael Durango Magalona[1]
Also known as FrancisM, Master Rapper, The Man From Manila, Kiko, The Mouth, The Filipino King of Rap
Born (1964-10-04)October 4, 1964
Kalentong, Mandaluyong City, Philippines
Died March 6, 2009(2009-03-06) (aged 44)
Philippines
Genres Rap, Filipino hip hop, rap rock, funk, Manila Sound
Occupations Rapper, songwriter, producer, actor, director, entrepreneur, host, photographer
Instruments Vocals, harmonica, megaphone, microphone
Years active 1984–2009
Labels PolyEast Records (1989-1993)
Sony Music (1994-2006)
Associated acts Hardware Syndrome
Joey Ayala
Ryan Cayabyab
The Eraserheads
Planet Garapata
Perfecto de Castro
Michael V.
Parokya ni Edgar
Gloc-9
Ely Buendia
Evil Stepsisters /
The Pin-Up Girls /
Website Magalona.com

Francis Durango Magalona (4 October 1964 - 6 March 2009), also known as FrancisM, Master Rapper, The Mouth and The Man From Manila, was a Filipino rapper, entrepreneur, songwriter, producer, actor, director, and photographer. Born in Mandaluyong City, he was the first Filipino rapper in the Philippines to cross over into the mainstream. He was credited for having pioneered the merging of rap with Pinoy rock, becoming a significant influence to artists in that genre as well. He was also a television host on MTV Asia and Channel V Philippines and on noontime variety television show Eat Bulaga! Magalona died seven months after being diagnosed with acute myelogenous leukemia.[2] Magalona was later awarded a posthumous Presidential Medal of Merit. The award's citation noted that it had been given “for his musical and artistic brilliance, his deep faith in the Filipino and his sense of national pride that continue to inspire us.[3][4][5]

Family and early career[edit]

Magalona was the eighth of the nine children of actors Pancho Magalona and Tita Duran, popular film stars of the 1940s and 1950s.[2] His grandfather, Enrique B. Magalona, was a politician and served as a Senator of the Philippines from 1946 to 1949 and from 1949 to 1955. He graduated from High School at the Don Bosco Technical College in Mandaluyong City from 1978 to 1981 and studied at the San Beda College in Manila from 1981-1984.

Magalona started out as a breakdancer in the 1980s.[2] He was cast in several Filipino movies including Bagets 2. He was the resident DJ/rapper in the IBC-13 variety show Loveli'Ness.[2]

Magalona was introduced by co-actor Richard Gomez to Pia Arroyo at a party in a disco owned by film director Marilou Diaz -Abaya and her husband, cinematographer, Manolo Abaya Ishmael Bernal,[6] and the couple got married in 1985.[7] The couple had eight children, two of whom were Magalona's stepchildren:[8][9] Unna, Nicolo, Clara, and television personalities Maxene (Max) (1986), Francis Jr. (Frank) (1987), Saab (1988), Elmo (1994) and Arkin Magalona, who entered showbiz to follow their father's footsteps.

Music career[edit]

Filipino hip hop and nationalistic rap[edit]

In 1990, he released the album Yo!, the first commercially released Filipino rap album.[10] Yo! included several popular singles such as "Mga Kababayan" (Fellow Countrymen), "Gotta Let 'Cha Know", "Cold Summer Nights", and a duet with Pia Arroyo "Loving You Baby". With tracks that featured politically conscious and thought-provoking rhymes in both English and Tagalog, Yo! was a big success and helped catapult Filipino hip hop from underground to mainstream status. It also marked the birth of Makabayang (nationalistic) rap in Filipino hip hop.

In 1992, Francis Magalona released Rap Is FrancisM (1992). With tracks addressing the various cultural and social problems that plagued his country such as drug addiction in "Mga Praning" (Paranoids), political instability in "Halalan" (Elections) as well as the detrimental effects of a colonial mentality in "Tayo'y Mga Pinoy" (We Are Filipinos), the record's complexity and conscious message quickly earned it its classic status and became the standard by which future albums of the genre were to be compared[citation needed]. This album helped tag Magalona as one of the most politically conscious voices of his generation.[11]

Hardware Syndrome and the merging of rap with Pinoy rock[edit]

The release of his third album, Meron akong ano! (I Got Something!) in 1993 marked the beginning of Magalona's experimentation with Pinoy rock.[2] It also saw the birth of Hardware Syndrome—previously known as Cannabis—the band which would, with Magalona at its helm, introduce the merging of Pinoy Rock and Rap to the Filipino music audience. Members over the years included musicians Carlo Sison, Francis Villanueva, Niño Mesina, Boyet Aquino, Elmer Blancaflor, Noel Mendez, Perf de Castro, Benjie "Bagets" Mendez, Albert Tamayo, DJ Kimozave, DJ Radikal MK, Kenji Marquez, Jack Rufo, and Wendell Garcia.[12]

Magalona was soon cited for excellence in both genres of music. He collaborated with other OPM luminaries such as Joey Ayala, Heber Bartolome of Banyuhay, Ryan Cayabyab, Mike Hanopol of Juan Dela Cruz Band, Michael V., Death Threat, and the band Eraserheads. In the latter part of his career, Magalona worked together with rappers Pikaso, Gloc 9 and the Pinoy rock band Parokya ni Edgar. In 1994, Magalona moved from Octo-Arts EMI Philippines, which had released all of his previous albums, to BMG Records Pilipinas, the same label as the seminal Pinoy rock group, The Eraserheads.[12]

Freeman was released the following year, 1995, and firmly established Magalona's legitimacy in the Pinoy rock scene. Tracks like "Three Stars & A Sun", "Kabataan Para Sa Kinabukasan", "Suckin' on Helium/Kaleidoscope World" would become defining touch-points in Magalona's body of work. A track titled "Intellectual Property Rights" would sample a speech by then-president Fidel V. Ramos. Intellectual property rights was an issue that would continue to be an important and very personal advocacy for Magalona.[12][13] "Kaleidoscope World" went on to win 1996 Awit Award for Best Produced Record of the Year, and the 1996 NU 107 Rock Award for Song of the Year. Its music video was directed by the celebrated director/cinematographer Raymond Red[14][15]

Magalona's next album,Happy Battle, was released in 1996.[16] The launch for the video-game themed album at the Hard Rock Cafe in Makati was noted by the press for its wide range of influences: aside from fans of Magalona's music, he had showbiz fans and coworkers from Eat Bulaga!, where he had already started hosting; and two sets of Sony PlayStations with giant screens set up so people could play video games while watching the gig. The album was also notable for a number of significant collaborations: "Unstrung Heroes" with Ely Buendia; "Sapot", with project band Planet Garapata, which included Raimund Marasigan, Jeng Tan and Mark Lakay, who would later form Sandwich; and "Make Your Move" with pioneer Filipino punk band Betrayed. In keeping with the nationalistic theme in Magalona's work, 1-800-Ninety-Six was written in celebration of the centennial of the Philippine revolution of 1896. "Rainy" won Best Folk song, and the album itself would became the only album to win Best Rock and Best Rap Album at the Katha Awards.[12] When Magalona was diagnosed with Leukemia, he and his wife Pia would use the album name "Happy Battle" as a reference to his fight against cancer.[2]

Later albums with Sony Music[edit]

The 1998 album The Oddventures of Mr. Cool saw a move from the last two albums' heavy guitar sound and explored mellow, urban-style rapping. It featured the song "Whole Lotta Lovin'", whose music is a sample of the Eraserheads song "Alapaap".

Later albums with BMG (now with Sony Music) would include Interscholastic (1999) which featured adaptations of various artists' songs; and Freeman 2 (2001), which would echo many of the themes that had made the first Freeman album so popular. In 2002, his greatest hits album The Best of FrancisM was released by Musiko and Sony BMG Philippines. 2004 in turn saw the release of a single titled "Pambihira Ka".

Independent projects[edit]

In 2002, with the assistance of then FUBU Philippines' management employees Carlo Maniquiz and Nick Tuason, Magalona launched a compilation album of the same name.[17]

Magalona founded his own record company called Red Egg Records, and a production company, Filipino Pictures Inc., where he served as the resident Director. Through his production company, Magalona produced and directed music videos for several bands and solo artists such as Ely Buendia. His work on Sponge Cola's "KLSP" won Best Rock Video at the 2006 MYX Video Awards.

Shortly before his death, Magalona collaborated with Ely Buendia and other Filipino artists on an album with the working title The Sickos Project, which was later named as "In Love and War", and released posthumously.[18] Both Francis M. and Ely Buendia were having health problems at that time. The album's carrier single is "Higante" (giant) which is about illness and strengths. Its music video was released in September 2009.

In an interview, Ely Buendia described himself as a "ticking timebomb" and Francis Magalona as "on borrowed time." The album will include a documentary about Ely and Francis, shot by Magalona's very own production company Filipino Pictures.

Magalona at Ninoy Aquino Airport in Manila

Television career[edit]

In 1997, Magalona played the lead role in the made-for-TV movie Kamada by Raymond Red. The film, a full length feature shot on 16 mm, received awards from The Philippines Broadcasting Television and Asian TV Awards during the same year.[19]

And in addition to co-hosting LoveliNess, Magalona was one of the original members of the youth oriented show That's Entertainment in 1987. He was also a co-host of the Philippine noon-time variety show Eat Bulaga! as well as being a VJ for MTV Asia and Channel V.[11] He was MTV Asia's first Filipino VJ and remained with the network from 1996 to 2000.

He was also chosen by Fremantle Media, owners of American Idol as one of the judges of in the first Philippine Idol season that aired on ABC (now TV5). Magalona and his fellow judges Ryan Cayabyab and Pilita Corrales were not retained when the franchise transferred to GMA Network in 2008 with a different title: Pinoy Idol. Aside from television, he also hosted live events and presentations.

Other endeavors[edit]

Magalona wearing clothing his company had designed.

Magalona was a photographer and submitted pictures to magazines for publication. News reports note that he was overjoyed when he was accepted as a member of the Camera Club of the Philippines, and eventually received critical acclaim for his photographs.[2]

Magalona also established a clothing line named FMCC, which stood for "FrancisM Clothing Co." FMCC is sold in stores called "3 Stars & A Sun."

He also started a foundation with Ely Buendia called Heartist Foundation, which aims to help Filipino artists with health and commercial concerns.

Illness and death[edit]

Magalona was diagnosed on August 8, 2008, with acute myeloid leukemia at the Medical City Hospital, Pasig City. Appealing to the media and the public, Magalona said:

I don’t want a media circus, [...] I want privacy with my family. What I’d rather talk about is how we can solicit blood donations to replace the supply that I have consumed in the hospital.

—Francis Magalona, August 2008[20]

After his first treatment and discharge, he made his return on Eat Bulaga together with Ely Buendia, who had also been recently discharged. His daughter Maxene stated that "He always did what he wanted to do. He never let anyone or anything stop him from doing what he loved to do. He still went to the Camera Club, he still took pictures, every time he was discharged from the hospital, he recorded songs with Ely Buendia. He taught us that life is short but it can be well lived. Don’t waste your time in the world."[21]

His wife, Pia, later described her husband's battle with the disease, saying "Francis was a very passionate person. When he was angry, he was very expressive. He would get angry with his cancer. That was his way of coping with it. But he didn’t give up. I remembered that he told me, 'I'm going down fighting.'[22]

On March 6, 2009, at 12 noon, Magalona succumbed to multiple organ failure secondary to septic shock, secondary to pneumonia in the immunocompromised (immediate cause); acute respiratory failure secondary to acute respiratory distress syndrome (antecedent cause); underlying cause: Chronic myelogenous leukemia blast crisis.[23][24] He had undergone several chemotherapy sessions since he was diagnosed the previous year and had been expected to undergo a bone marrow transplantation (BMT) and peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT).[24][25][26]

The announcement was first made over Eat Bulaga!.[25] News of his death sparked a surge of web traffic to several Philippine news sites, causing a momentary slowdown in their operation.[27] Guests at his wake included former president Corazon Aquino, (who also died five months after Magalona's passing) along with other politicians and artists who paid tribute to Magalona's contribution to Filipino music and to national pride — the dominant advocacy theme in FrancisM's music.[28] Fans arrived in droves to pay their last respects, some of them making a point to wear shirts from Magalona's FMCC line. Numerous television programs, ranging from noontime variety shows to primetime newscasts and late night news documentaries, paid tribute to Magalona.

He had been slated to appear as a special surprise guest at the Eraserheads' "the Final Set" reunion concert on March 7, 2009. Since he died the day before, the band instead dedicated the concert to Magalona. Buendia rapped the 22-bar portion in "Superproxy" which Magalona wrote,[29] and the concert's penultimate song was the reprise of "Kaleidoscope World."[23]

Magalona was cremated before daybreak on March 11, 2009. Hours later, his ashes were laid to rest at the Loyola Memorial Park in Marikina City, causing traffic to stall in the Marikina Riverbanks area near the park as fans and numerous people from the entertainment industry joined the convoy. The Philippine Army rendered military honors to Magalona in recognition of his patriotism and service as a sergeant in the reserves. His widow, Pia, received the flag draped on his coffin.[30]

Post-death crisis[edit]

The Magalona family was also firm against any attempts to capitalize on FrancisM's death and persona. On March 17, 2009, a group of Filipino expatriates in Dubai, UAE and Saudi Arabia, announced plans to hold tribute concerts where performers will sing his songs, with the proceeds supposedly going to a foundation set up in his honor and to the Philippine Red Cross. Pia and Maxene later came out and denounced the organizers, saying that neither concert had the family's blessings and the foundation did not exist. They particularly admonished the concert organizers for using the Red Cross to attract attendees.[31] Pia also asked the public not to patronize sellers of fake FMCC goods, which started to appear within days of Magalona's death. Their house had been broken into a number of times, the apparent main targets being Magalona's personal items, along with his children's belongings. One of the stolen items was a laptop computer on which unpublished FMCC designs were stored.[32]

Magalona holds up two medals awarded by the Camera Club of the Philippines

Honors and legacy[edit]

Magalona would ultimately be cited not just the "King of Philippine rap" but also "The Father of Pinoy Hip Hop".[11] Magalona's contributions to the genre have been featured in several international hip hop publications including the All Music Guide to Hip-Hop: The Definitive Guide to Rap and Hip-Hop (2003) published by Backbeat Books; as well as the May 2004 issue of the U.S.-based publication The Source. He was also given the Pioneer Hall of Fame Award by Empire Entertainment at the 1st Annual Philippine Hip-Hop Music Awards in 2005.[33]

Magalona was the recipient of the MTV Pilipinas Video Music Awards Generations Award in 2006 "in recognition of his career that has spanned decades and broken boundaries, and for his music which continues to inspire generations of artists and music fans both here and abroad." He was the second person so honored, the first having been singer Gary Valenciano at the 2005 rites.

On March 18, 2009, the Philippine Government - through the efforts of the National Commission for Culture and the Arts[3]—recognized Magalona with by awarding him a posthumous Presidential Medal of Merit. The award's citation noted that it had been given “for his musical and artistic brilliance, his deep faith in the Filipino and his sense of national pride that continue to inspire us.[4][5]

Several supporters of Magalona launched an online petition to award him, the Order of National Artist, which is the highest recognition for Philippine artists. However, nominations for the National Artist award will have to be done after three years as nominations for the order are closed.[34]

His daughter Maxene has indicated that she intends to continue Magalona's projects, including his The Sickos Project album with Buendia, and a documentary about his battle with cancer. The young actress stated: "We will coordinate with the people he had been working with, [...] I understand that Papa is a big part of history."[22]

Discography[edit]

PolyEast Records

  • 1989 Francis M. (Extended Of Loving You)
  • 1990 Yo!
  • 1990 Mga Kababayan (E.P. Dance Remix)
  • 1990 Gotta Let 'Cha Know (E.P.)
  • 1991 Man From Manila (E.P. Dance Remix)
  • 1992 Rap Is FrancisM
  • 1993 Meron Akong Ano!

Sony Music Philippines

Independent

  • 2008 F Word

Filmography[edit]

Film[edit]

  • Anak ni Brocka (2005, his last movie)
  • Kwentong kayumanggi (2002) as Narrator - Hundreds Island and the Bravery of Datu Mabiskeg
  • Saranggola ni Pepe at Juan (1999) as Juan San Miguel/Juan Tamad
  • Tong-its (1997)
  • Ano ba 'yan 2 (1993) - Kiko
  • Mama's Boys (1993)
  • Engkanto (1992) as Uban
  • Totoy Buang: Mad Killer ng Maynila (1992) - DJ
  • Estribo Gang: The Jinggoy Sese Story (1992) - Elmer
  • Boboy Salonga: Batang Tondo (1992)
  • Ano ba 'yan (1992) - Kiko
  • Joey Boy Munti, 15 anyos ka sa Muntilupa (1991)
  • Pangako ng Puso (1991)
  • Iputok mo... dadapa ako!!! (1990)
  • Gumapang ka sa lusak (aka Dirty Affair) (1990)
  • Ang Pumatay ng Dahil Sa Iyo (1989)
  • Hati tayo sa magdamag (1988)
  • Action Is Not Missing (1987)
  • Kung Aagawin Mo Ang Lahat Sa Akin (1987)
  • Family Tree (1987) as Edwin
  • Ninja Kids (1986) as Tone
  • Bukas ng Sabado agi Buka sa Sabitan (1986)
  • Okleng Tokleng (1986)
  • Mga Kuwento ni Lola Basyang (1985)
  • Doctor, Doctor, We Are Sick (1985)
  • Bagets 2 (1984) as Ponce

Television[edit]

  • MTV Pilipinas Music Video Award 2006
  • Philippine Idol (ABC "now TV5", 2006) "Judge"
  • Student Canteen
  • Balikbayan (QTV, 2009)
  • Eat Bulaga!
  • Maynila (2008)
  • A Telefantastic Christmas: The GMA All-Star Special (2005)
  • True Love: Eat Bulaga Special (2005)
  • Fam Jam (QTV, 2005–2006)
  • Bubble Gang (2005)
  • Myx Live (2005)
  • Show Ko 'to (2004)
  • Astigmatism (2004) as Victim 1
  • The Manager: Eat Bulaga Special (2003)
  • GMA Mini Series
  • GMA Love Stories
  • MTV Talk
  • MTV's Life’s A Beach
  • GMA Telecine Specials
  • Spotlight Drama Specials
  • Chibugan Na! (RPN)
  • Dear Mikee
  • Mikee
  • Music Bureau (ABC)
  • Kamada (1997)
  • Maalaala Mo Kaya (1995)
  • Channel V: Sigaw Manila (1995)
  • That's Entertainment
  • Lovingly Yours, Helen (1986–1996)
  • Regal Romance (GMA Network)
  • The Sharon Cuneta Show (IBC & ABS-CBN)
  • Mother Studio Presents
  • Young Love, Sweet Love (RPN)
  • Plaza 1899
  • U. F. O. (Urbana, Felisa & Others)
  • Loveli Ness (co-host)
  • Vilma In Person (co-host)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "GMA News Research: Francis Magalona". GMA News. 2009-03-60. Retrieved 2009-03-31. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Pocholo Concepcion (2009-03-07). "FrancisM loses ‘happy battle’; 44". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2009-03-07. 
  3. ^ a b "Francis Magalona to receive presidential medal". GMA News and Public Affairs. 2009-03-08. 
  4. ^ a b Guinto, Joel; Burgonio, TJ (2009-03-19). "Palace honors FrancisM". Philippine Daily Inquirer, Inquirer.net. 
  5. ^ a b Romero, Paolo (2009-03-19). "A presidential medal of merit for Francis M". The Philippine Star. 
  6. ^ "Francis Magalona,Filipino People's Artist, 44" (Press release). The Alliance-Philippines (AJLPP). 2009-03-09. Retrieved 2009-03-10. 
  7. ^ Magalona, Francis (December 24, 2001). "The Magalonas of Antipolo". Genealogy.com. Retrieved 2009-03-10. 
  8. ^ Philippine Entertainment Portal (2007-07-23). "PEP list: Hot male celebrities in their 40s". GMA News. Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  9. ^ Erika Tapalla (2009-03-08). "Magalona kids find strength in each other". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  10. ^ "Francis M. dies of leukemia, 44". Manila Times. 2009-03-07. Retrieved 2009-03-08. 
  11. ^ a b c "King of Philippine rap, Francis Magalona, dies". MSNBC. Associated Press. 2009-03-06. Retrieved 2009-03-08. [dead link]
  12. ^ a b c d Magalona, Francis (March 3, 2006). "The Hardware Syndrome". A Free Mind. Retrieved March 9, 2009. 
  13. ^ Freeman (CD Inlay Card). Francis Magalona. BMG Records (Pilipinas) Inc., Musiko Records. 1995.
  14. ^ Magalona, Francis (March 3, 2006). "Kaleidoscope World". A Free Mind. Retrieved March 19, 2009. 
  15. ^ "Winners from the Previous Rock Awards". DWNU 107.5. March 3, 2006. Retrieved March 19, 2009. 
  16. ^ Happy Battle (CD Inlay Card). Francis Magalona. BMG Records (Pilipinas) Inc., Musiko Records. 1996.
  17. ^ Ramos, Cris O (2004-10-09). "Urban Noypis (Part 2)". ManilaTimes.net. Archived from the original on 2005-01-16. 
  18. ^ "Eat Bulaga! to pay tribute to Francis M Saturday". GMANews.TV. 2009-03-06. Retrieved 2009-03-07. 
  19. ^ "Raymond Red". Retrieved 2009-03-10. 
  20. ^ Pocholo Concepcion (2008-08-13). "Rapper Francis Magalona diagnosed with leukemia". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2009-03-06. 
  21. ^ Morales, Izah; Cruz, Marinel (2009-03-08). "Songs keep mood upbeat at FrancisM wake". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2009-03-08. 
  22. ^ a b Cruz, Marinel; Tapalla, Erika (2009-03-08). "Maxene wants to make her papa proud". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  23. ^ a b Lo, Ricardo (2009-03-09). "Pia a pillar of strength". Funfare (The Philippine Star). 
  24. ^ a b Gerry Plaza (2009-03-06). "Rapper Francis Magalona passes away". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2009-03-06. 
  25. ^ a b Erwin Santiago (2009-03-06). "Master Rapper Francis M succumbs to cancer". Philippine Entertainment Portal. Retrieved 2009-03-06. 
  26. ^ Dino Maragay (2009-03-06). "Rapper-actor Francis Magalona succumbs to cancer". Philippine Star. Retrieved 2009-03-06. 
  27. ^ "Francis M’s death leads to RP Web traffic surge". GMA News.TV. 2009-03-06. Retrieved 2009-03-06. 
  28. ^ Morales, Izah (2009-03-08). "Aquino visits Francis Magalona wake; More stars come to mourn". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2009-03-08. 
  29. ^ Magalona, F. "Super Proximity", A Free Mind, January 8, 2007. Link is inactive as of February 11, 2007, Google cache version found on February 11, 2007
  30. ^ Alberto, Thea (2009-03-11). "One last round of applause for Magalona". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2009-03-08. 
  31. ^ Pagsolingan, Karen A. (2009-03-17). "Francis M "tribute concerts" in UAE and Dubai do not have his family's blessing". PEP.ph. Retrieved 2009-10-22. 
  32. ^ Mendoza, Ruel J. (2009-05-02). "Pia Magalona overwhelmed that Martin Nievera will wear t-shirt designed by Francis M in Pacquiao-Hatton fight". PEP.ph. Retrieved 2009-10-22. 
  33. ^ "1st Philippine Annual Hip-hop Music Awards". Titik Pilipino. 
  34. ^ "http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/entertainment/03/11/09/francis-m-nomination-national-artist-stalled". ABS-CBN News. 2009-03-11. 

External links[edit]