Francis Newport, 1st Earl of Bradford

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Contemporary portrait of The 1st Earl of Bradford

Francis Newport, 1st Earl of Bradford PC (23 February 1620 – 19 September 1708),[1] styled The Honourable between 1642 and 1651, was an English soldier, courtier and Whig politician.

Background[edit]

Born at Wroxeter, he was the eldest son of Richard Newport, 1st Baron Newport and his wife Rachel Leveson, daughter of Sir John Leveson (circa 1555 - 1622) and sister of Sir Richard Leveson (1598–1661).[2] His younger brother was Andrew Newport.[3] In 1651, he succeeded his father as baron.[2] Newport was educated at Christ Church College, Oxford.[4]

Career[edit]

He represented Shrewsbury in both the Short Parliament and Long Parliament.[5] A royalist during the English Civil War, he fought in 1644 in the Battle of Oswestry on the side of King Charles I of England and was then imprisoned.[6] After the restoration in 1660, Newport became Custos Rotulorum of Shropshire, fulfilling this office for his lifetime.[7] In the same year, he had been appointed also Lord Lieutenant of Shropshire,[8] but on the command of King James II of England was replaced by George Jeffreys, 1st Baron Jeffreys in 1687.[9] After Jeffrey's death and the Glorious Revolution in 1689, Newport was restored as Lord Lieutenant until 1704.[8]

Newport was Comptroller of the Household between 1668 and 1672.[10] Subsequently he was appointed Treasurer of the Household, a post he held a first time until 1686, and three years later again until his death in 1708.[10] Newport was also Cofferer of the Household from 1689 until the death of King William III of England in 1702.[11]

In 1668, he was sworn of the Privy Council of England,[8] expelled in 1679 for his opposition to the government,[12] but readmitted in 1689.[8] On 11 March 1675, he was elevated to the peerage as Viscount Newport, of Bradford, in the County of Shropshire, his main home. On 11 May 1694, he was further honoured when he was created Earl of Bradford.[13]

Family and death[edit]

Diana Russel, Lady Newport (Peter Lely)

On 28 April 1642, Newport married Lady Diana Russell, fourth daughter of Francis Russell, 4th Earl of Bedford at St Giles in the Fields, London,[4] and had by her five daughters and four sons.[14] Newport died aged 88 in Twickenham[14] and on his deathbead, he wailed in anguish:

Oh, that I could lie for a thousand years upon the fire that is never quenched, to purchase the favor of God and be united to Him again. But it is a fruitless wish. Millions and millions of years will bring me no nearer the end of my torments than one poor hour. Oh, eternity, eternity forever and forever! Oh, the insufferable pangs of Hell![15]

He was buried in St Andrew's Church, Wroxeter, two weeks later[4] and was succeeded in his titles by his oldest son Richard.[2] His younger son Thomas was raised to the Peerage of England in his own right.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Leigh Rayment - Peerage". Retrieved 12 July 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c d Burke, John (1831). A General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerages of England, Ireland, and Scotland. London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley. p. 396. 
  3. ^ Henning, Basil Duke (1983). The House of Commons, 1660-1690. vol. I. London: Secker & Warburg. pp. 136–137. ISBN 0-436-19274-8. 
  4. ^ a b c "ThePeerage - Francis Newport, 1st Earl of Bradford". Retrieved 19 November 2006. 
  5. ^ Frederic Madden, Bulkeley Bandinel and John Gough Nichols, ed. (1838). Collectanea Topographica et Genealogica. vol. V. London: John Bowyer Nichols and Son. pp. 292–293. 
  6. ^ "The Twickenham Museum - The Earl of Bradford". Retrieved 13 July 2009. 
  7. ^ "Institute of Historical Research - Custodes Rotulorum 1660-1828". Retrieved 12 July 2009. 
  8. ^ a b c d Doyle, James Edmund (1886). The Official Baronage of England. vol. I. London: Longmans, Green & Co. p. 206. 
  9. ^ "Buckinghamshire County Council - 17th century Lords Lieutenant". Retrieved 13 July 2009. 
  10. ^ a b Haydn, Joseph (1851). The Book of Dignities: Containing Rolls of the Official Personages of the British Empire. London: Longman, Brown, Green and Longman's. pp. 204–205. 
  11. ^ "Loyola University Chicago - The Database of Court Officers 1660-1837" (PDF). Retrieved 13 July 2009. 
  12. ^ Thomas, Walter Keith (1978). The Crafting of Absalom and Achitophel. Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press. p. 39. ISBN 0-88920-059-9. 
  13. ^ Nicolas, Nicholas Harris (1825). A Synopsis of the Peerage of England. vol. I. London: John Nichols and Son. p. 469. 
  14. ^ a b Garbet, Samuel (1818). The History of Wem. London: G. Franklin. pp. 103–105. 
  15. ^ Zuck, Roy B. (1997). The Speaker's Quote Book. Kregel Publications. p. 124. ISBN 0-8254-4098-X. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Clifford
Comptroller of the Household
1668–1672
Succeeded by
The Lord Maynard
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Clifford
Treasurer of the Household
1672–1686
Succeeded by
The Earl of Yarmouth
Preceded by
The Earl of Yarmouth
Treasurer of the Household
1689–1708
Succeeded by
The Earl of Cholmondeley
Preceded by
Sir Peter Apsley
Cofferer of the Household
1691–1702
Succeeded by
Sir Benjamin Bathurst
Honorary titles
English Interregnum Lord Lieutenant of Shropshire
1668–1672
Succeeded by
The Lord Jeffreys
Custos Rotulorum of Shropshire
1660–1708
Succeeded by
The 2nd Earl of Bradford
Preceded by
The Lord Jeffreys
Lord Lieutenant of Shropshire
1689–1704
Peerage of England
New creation Earl of Bradford
1694–1708
Succeeded by
Richard Newport
Viscount Newport
1675–1708
Preceded by
Richard Newport
Baron Newport
1651–1708