Francis Ouimet

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Francis Ouimet
— Golfer —
FrancisOuimetHead1913.jpg
Ouimet in 1913
Personal information
Full name Francis DeSales Ouimet
Born (1893-05-08)May 8, 1893
Brookline, Massachusetts
Died September 2, 1967(1967-09-02) (aged 74)
Newton, Massachusetts
Height 6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)
Weight 175 lb (79 kg; 12.5 st)
Nationality  United States
Spouse Stella Sullivan (m. 1918–65)
Children Janice, Barbara
Career
Status Amateur
Professional wins 3
Best results in major championships
(Wins: 3)
Masters Tournament WD: 1941
U.S. Open Won: 1913
The Open Championship T56: 1914
PGA Championship DNP
U.S. Amateur Won: 1914, 1931
British Amateur T3: 1923
Achievements and awards
World Golf Hall of Fame 1974 (member page)
Bob Jones Award 1955
Ouimet at the 1913 U.S. Open
Playoff participants Harry Vardon, Ouimet, and Ted Ray
Ouimet celebrating his victory with Eddie Lowery, his 10-year-old caddie with a white towel over his shoulders

Francis DeSales Ouimet (May 8, 1893 – September 2, 1967) was an American amateur golfer, who is frequently referred to as the "father of amateur golf" in the United States. He won the U.S. Open in 1913, and was the first non-Briton elected Captain of the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews. He was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame in 1974.[1][2]

Early life[edit]

Ouimet was born to Mary Ellen Burke and Arthur Ouimet in Brookline, Massachusetts, a suburb southwest of Boston. His father was a French-Canadian immigrant, and his mother was an Irish immigrant. When Francis was four years old, his family purchased a house on Clyde Street in Brookline, directly across from the 17th hole of The Country Club. The Ouimet family grew up relatively poor, and found themselves near the bottom of the economic ladder, which was hardly the position of any American golfer at the time. As far as the general public was concerned, amateur golf was reserved for the wealthy, while professional golf provided competition and income for former caddies, prohibited by the USGA from caddying after the age of 16 or lose their amateur status.[3] Ouimet found an interest in golf at an early age and started caddying at The Country Club at the age of 11. Using clubs from his brother and balls he found around the course, Ouimet taught himself the game. Soon enough his game caught the eye of many country club members and caddie master Dan MacNamara. It wasn't long before Ouimet was the best high school golfer in the state. When he was a junior in high school, his father insisted Francis drop out and finally begin to do "something useful" with his life. He worked at a drygoods store before a stroke of good luck helped him land a job at a sporting goods store owned by the future Baseball Hall of Famer George Wright.[3][4]

Golf career[edit]

1913 U.S. Open[edit]

In 1913 Ouimet won his first significant title at age 20, the Massachusetts Amateur, an event he went on to win five more times. He participated in the U.S. Amateur at the Garden City Golf Club in New York in early September, losing in the quarterfinals to the eventual champion, Jerome Travers. Soon after he was asked personally by the president of the United States Golf Association, Robert Watson, if he would play in the national professional championship, the U.S. Open, which had been postponed to mid-September from its original June dates to allow for the participation of British golfers Harry Vardon and Ted Ray, both of Jersey.[5] Vardon won the U.S. Open in 1900 and The Open Championship five times to that point; Ray won the Open Championship in 1912. The event was played at the course Ouimet knew best, The Country Club in Brookline, Massachusetts. Ouimet originally declined to play, having just returned from an absence from work to play in the National Amateur. His participation in the Open was soon arranged, however, with the cooperation of his employer.

It was Ouimet's first appearance in the championship. After 72 holes of play finished in a three-way tie, Ouimet, Vardon, and Ray went on to an 18-hole playoff the next day in rainy conditions, won by Ouimet.[6] His victory was widely hailed as a stunning upset over the strongly-favored British, who were regarded as the top two golfers in the world. He was the first amateur to win the U.S. Open, the biggest crowds ever seen in American golf followed the playoff, and his achievement was front-page news across the country.

Ouimet's U.S. Open success is credited for bringing golf into the American sporting mainstream. Before his surprising win over Vardon and Ray, golf was dominated by British players. In America, the sport was restricted to players with access to private facilities. There were very few public courses (the first, Van Cortlandt Golf Course in The Bronx borough of New York City, opened in 1895). Ten years after his 1913 victory the number of American players had tripled and many new courses had been built, including numerous public ones.

In 1963 WGBH-TV, Boston's public television station, aired an interview with Ouimet at The Country Club in Brookline, Massachusetts, to mark the 50th anniversary of his win at the 1913 U.S. Open. The kinescope of that interview was included in the DVD of the Walt Disney film, The Greatest Game Ever Played.

Controversy resolved[edit]

Ouimet never turned professional;[1] he wished to remain an amateur for his whole career, as he decided before his U.S. Open success that he wanted to work in the world of business. In 1916, however, the USGA, in one of the most controversial decisions in their history, stripped Ouimet of his amateur status. Its reasoning was that he was using his celebrity to aid his own sporting goods business, and was therefore making a living from golf. This was at the time when caddies were not allowed to continue caddying after they reached the age of 16, unless they declared themselves professionals. The decision was greeted with uproar from Ouimet's fellow golfers. In 1918, Ouimet enlisted in the U.S. Army and rose to the rank of lieutenant. After the war, the USGA quietly reinstated his amateur status. Ouimet did not bear a grudge against the USGA, and served on several committees. He was also a golf member of Charles River Country Club in Newton Centre, and was a member of the Woodland Golf Club of Auburndale.

Ouimet went on to win his second U.S. Amateur in 1931.[1] During the 1920s he lost several close matches to Bobby Jones, who dominated amateur golf for that decade.

Later achievements[edit]

Ouimet won the U.S. Amateur twice (1914 and 1931).[7] He played on the first eight Walker Cup Teams, and was Captain of the next four for a team record of 11-1. In 1951 he became the first non-Briton elected Captain of the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews, and in 1955 was the first-ever winner of the Bob Jones Award, the highest honor given by the USGA, in recognition of distinguished sportsmanship in golf. Ouimet has been named to many golf halls of fame, and has a room named after him in the USGA Museum.

Two other aspects of Ouimet's golf career are important — Ouimet used the overlapping grip to hold the club, and was among the first top players to use this method. He very likely used the grip in emulation of Vardon, who often is credited with developing the grip. Many great golf champions since have used this technique. The method is named for the "overlapping' of the little finger of the top hand between the forefinger and middle finger of the bottom hand. Ouimet mentored and encouraged the young Gene Sarazen, who developed into one of golf's greatest champions and also used the overlapping grip.[8]

Francis Ouimet Scholarship Fund[edit]

In 1949 a group of Ouimet's friends started a scholarship in his honor, naming it the Francis Ouimet Scholarship Fund.[1] The scholarship was created to give college scholarship aid to young people who worked as caddies at clubs in Massachusetts. The inaugural class had 13 scholars who received a total of $4,600. Since then over 5,100 students have been selected as Ouimet Scholars, receiving over $26 million in need-based college tuition assistance. Today's requirements state that young people who have given at least two years of service to golf as caddies or worked in a pro shop or in course superintendent operations in Massachusetts are eligible to receive the Scholarship.

The Ouimet Fund is the second largest caddie scholarship in the United States, and the largest independent scholarship fund in Massachusetts. Students must go through a rigorous application and interview process before being selected as a Ouimet Scholar. Once selected, students may attend any school they wish, which is one of the major differences between the Ouimet Fund and the Evans Fund, the other major caddie fund in the U.S. Since the Ouimet Fund is a need-based scholarship, awards can range anywhere from a few thousand dollars to $30,000 or more over four years.

The Francis Ouimet Award for Lifelong Contributions to Golf was first presented in 1997, and is presented annually at the Francis Ouimet Scholarship Fund's annual banquet. Past winners include Arnold Palmer (1997), Peter Jacobsen (2006), Jack Nicklaus (2007) and Annika Sörenstam (2010).[9]

Depictions[edit]

In 1988 a portrait of Ouimet appeared on a commemorative 25-cent United States Postal Service postage stamp in his honor.[10]

In 2002 Mark Frost wrote a biographical account of Ouimet's U.S. Open victory titled The Greatest Game Ever Played: Harry Vardon, Francis Ouimet, and the Birth of Modern Golf. Shortly afterward, Frost was tapped by Walt Disney Studios to write a motion picture adaptation. The Greatest Game Ever Played was released in theaters in 2005. The film starred Shia LaBeouf as Ouimet, and was directed by Bill Paxton and produced by Larry Brezner.

Appearing on the cover of The Greatest Game is a photograph of Ouimet at the U.S. Open with his ten-year-old caddy, Eddie Lowery. This iconic image is one of the best known in American golf, and was used as the logo for the United States Golf Association's Centennial celebrations. A statue of Ouimet and Lowery based on the photograph stands in Brookline, Massachusetts and at the World Golf Hall of Fame in St. Augustine, Florida.

Personal[edit]

Ouimet always had an aspiration to become a businessman to elevate himself into the middle class. The life of a professional golfer at that time did not offer an avenue to reach that goal. Within ten years of his U.S. Open victory, Ouimet had started to work as a banker and eventually a stock broker, which had always been his intention. Francis Ouimet culminated his business career as a customer's financial advisor at Brown Brothers Harriman.

He married Stella M. Sullivan on September 11, 1918.[11] They had two daughters: Janice Salvi and Barbara McLean.

Ouimet died in Newton, Massachusetts, on September 2, 1967, at age 74.[12]

Tournament wins (26)[edit]

Professional and amateur majors shown in bold.

Major championships (3)[edit]

Professional wins (1)[edit]

Year Championship 54 holes Winning score Margin Runners-up
1913 U.S. Open Tied for lead +12 (77-74-74-79=304) Playoff 1 Jersey Harry Vardon, Jersey Ted Ray

1 Defeated Vardon and Ray in an 18-hole playoff - Ouimet 72 (−1), Vardon 77 (+4), Ray 78 (+5)

Amateur wins (2)[edit]

Year Championship Winning score Runner-up
1914 U.S. Amateur 6 & 5 United States Jerome Travers
1931 U.S. Amateur 6 & 5 United States Jack Westland

Results timeline[edit]

As an amateur, Ouimet could not play in the PGA Championship.

Tournament 1910 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919
Masters Tournament NYF NYF NYF NYF NYF NYF NYF NYF NYF NYF
U.S. Open DNP DNP DNP 1 LA T5 T35 DNP NT NT T18
The Open Championship DNP DNP DNP DNP T56 NT NT NT NT NT
U.S. Amateur DNQ DNQ DNQ R16 1 R16 DNP NT NT QF
The Amateur Championship DNP DNP DNP DNP R128 NT NT NT NT NT
Tournament 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929
Masters Tournament NYF NYF NYF NYF NYF NYF NYF NYF NYF NYF
U.S. Open DNP DNP DNP T29 DNP T3 DNP DNP DNP DNP
The Open Championship DNP DNP DNP DNP DNP DNP DNP DNP DNP DNP
U.S. Amateur 2 R16 R16 SF SF DNQ SF SF R32 SF
The Amateur Championship DNP R128 DNP SF DNP DNP R64 DNP DNP DNP
Tournament 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939
Masters Tournament NYF NYF NYF NYF DNP DNP DNP DNP DNP DNP
U.S. Open DNP DNP DNP DNP DNP DNP DNP DNP DNP DNP
The Open Championship DNP DNP DNP DNP DNP DNP DNP DNP DNP DNP
U.S. Amateur R32 1 SF DNP R256 R256 R64 WD DNP DNQ
The Amateur Championship R32 DNP DNP DNP R256 DNP DNP DNP R64 DNP
Tournament 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949
Masters Tournament DNP WD DNP NT NT NT DNP DNP DNP DNP
U.S. Open DNP DNP NT NT NT NT DNP DNP DNP DNP
The Open Championship NT NT NT NT NT NT DNP DNP DNP DNP
U.S. Amateur DNQ DNP NT NT NT NT DNP DNP DNP DNP
The Amateur Championship NT NT NT NT NT NT DNP R32 DNP R128
Tournament 1950
Masters Tournament DNP
U.S. Open DNP
The Open Championship DNP
U.S. Amateur DNP
The Amateur Championship R128

LA = Low amateur
NYF = Tournament not yet founded
NT = No tournament
DNP = Did not play
WD = Withdrew
"T" indicates a tie for a place
DNQ = Did not qualify for match play portion
R256, R128, R64, R32, R16, QF, SF = Round in which player lost in match play
Green background for wins. Yellow background for top-10

U.S. national team appearances[edit]

Amateur

  • Walker Cup: 1922 (winners), 1923 (winners), 1924 (winners), 1926 (winners), 1928 (winners), 1930 (winners), 1932 (winners, playing captain), 1934 (winners, playing captain), 1936 (winners, non-playing captain), 1938 (non-playing captain), 1947 (winners, non-playing captain), 1949 (winners, non-playing captain)

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Gibson, Nevin H. The Encyclopedia of Golf (A.S. Barnes & Company, 1958)
  • Frost, Mark The Greatest Game Ever Played: Harry Vardon, Francis Ouimet, and the Birth of Modern Golf (Hyperion, 2002)

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Kelley, Brent. "Francis Ouimet bio". About.com. Retrieved September 12, 2011. 
  2. ^ Duca, Rob. "America's triumph: Remembering a legend". Cape Cod Times. Archived from the original on December 15, 2000. Retrieved December 12, 2007. The year was 1913. He was a young man of modest means, but he shook up the exclusive world of golf. 
  3. ^ a b Brookline Amateur Wins U.S. Open
  4. ^ Frost, Mark The Greatest Game Ever Played: Harry Vardon, Francis Ouimet, and the Birth of Modern Golf (Hyperion, 2002)
  5. ^ Francis D. Ouimet profile at www.hickoksports.com
  6. ^ "Ouimet Ties Great English Golfers. Twenty-Year-Old Schoolboy's Wonderful Performance in National Open Golf". New York Times. September 20, 1913. Retrieved January 2, 2011. An American youth, Francis Ouimet, a stripling scarcely out of his teens, carved a niche for himself in international sporting history here to-day when he tied with England's famous professional golfers, Harry Vardon and Edward Ray, in the final round of the national open championship. 
  7. ^ "Ouimet's Aged Mother Is Happy, But His Health Is First Thought. New Golf Champion's 70-Year-Old Parent Hopeful That Her Son Did Not Tax His Strength--Tells How He Swang at Stones With Home-Made Clubs at 4". New York Times. September 6, 1931. Retrieved January 3, 2011. To the rest of the world Francis Ouimet is a battle-scarred veteran, who returned from a golfers' Valhalla to win another national amateur championship, but to his sweet-faced ... 
  8. ^ The Greatest Game Ever Played: Harry Vardon, Francis Ouimet, and the Birth of Modern Golf, by Mark Frost, 2003; Gettin' to the Dance Floor: An Oral History of American Golf, chapter on Sarazen, by Al Barkow, 1986
  9. ^ "Marblehead's Lynch tabbed for prestigious award". North Shore Golf Blog. April 10, 2010. Retrieved September 12, 2011. 
  10. ^ Scott catalog # 2377.
  11. ^ "Francis Ouimet Marries". New York Times. September 12, 1918. Retrieved January 3, 2011. Lieutenant Francis Ouimet, former amateur national golf champion, and Stella Sullivan were married in Boston ... 
  12. ^ "Francis Ouimet, Golfer, Is Dead; First Amateur to Win U.S. Open; Gardener's Son Who Won in 1913 Showed Sport Wasn't Only for the Affluent". United Press International. September 2, 1967. Retrieved October 18, 2010. Francis D. Ouimet, who amazed the sports world 54 years ago by upsetting Britain's two greatest golfers to win the United States Open, died today. He was 74 years old. 

General references[edit]

External links[edit]