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Francis Christopher Rowland Robinson (born 23 November 1944 in Barnet) is a British academic who received a CBE in 2006 for his services to higher education and his research into the history of Islam.
Robinson's research interests have focused on the Muslim world, with particular emphasis the Muslims of South Asia, Muslim responses to modernity, learned and holy families, and religious and political change. He has written several books on the Islamic World, including Atlas of the Islamic World Since 1500 (1982), Islam and Muslim History in South Asia (2000), The Ulama of Farangi Mahall and Islamic Culture in South Asia (2001), The Mughal Emperors (2007), and Islam, South Asia, and the West (2007).
Robinson served as President of the Royal Asiatic Society from 1997–2000 and 2003–06.
Robinson was the Vice-Principal of Royal Holloway, University of London, from 1997–2004. He had previously served as the Head of the History Department at the college from 1990–96.
- Page on Professor Francis Robinson at the RHUL History Department website
- Article about Professor Robinson's CBE award