Francis Ingram-Seymour-Conway, 2nd Marquess of Hertford

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The Most Honourable
The Marquess of Hertford
KG, PC, PC (Ire)
Chief Secretary for Ireland
In office
1765–1766
Monarch George III
Prime Minister The Marquess of Rockingham
Preceded by The Earl of Drogheda
Succeeded by Hon. Augustus Hervey
Master of the Horse
In office
1804–1806
Monarch George III
Prime Minister Hon. William Pitt the Younger
Preceded by The Earl of Chesterfield
Succeeded by Hon. William Pitt the Younger
Lord Chamberlain of the Household
In office
1812 – 14 December 1821
Monarch
Prime Minister
Preceded by The Earl of Dartmouth
Succeeded by The Duke of Montrose
Personal details
Born 12 February 1743 (1743-02-12)
London, England
Died 28 June 1822 (1822-06-29)
London, England
Nationality British
Political party Tory
Spouse(s)

Francis Ingram-Seymour-Conway, 2nd Marquess of Hertford KG, PC, PC (Ire) (12 February 1743 – 28 June 1822), styled The Honourable Francis Seymour-Conway until 1750, Viscount Beauchamp between 1750 and 1793, and Earl of Yarmouth between 1793 and 1794, was a British peer and politician. He held seats in the parliaments of both Ireland and Great Britain, and served as Chief Secretary for Ireland under his father. He subsequently held positions in the Royal Household, including serving as Lord Chamberlain between 1812 and 1822.

Background and education[edit]

A member of the Seymour family headed by the Duke of Somerset, Hertford was the eldest son of Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford, and Lady Isabella Fitzroy, daughter of Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, born on 12 January 1743 in London.[1] He was the elder brother of Lord Robert Seymour and Lord Hugh Seymour. He was educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford.[2]

Political career[edit]

In 1761, Hertford entered the Irish House of Commons for Lisburn,[2][3] and later represented Antrim County between 1768 and 1776.[2][3] He was sworn of the Irish Privy Council in 1775 and served as Chief Secretary for Ireland between 1765 and 1766 to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, his father.[1] In 1766 he entered the British House of Commons as Member of Parliament for Lostwithiel, changing in 1768 to represent Orford until he succeeded his father in 1794.[4]

Hertford served under Lord North, firstly as a Lord of the Treasury from 1774, and then from 1780 as Cofferer of the Household,[5] a post he held until its abolishment in 1782. In 1780 he was also sworn of the British Privy Council.[6] He remained out of office until 1804,[7] when he was made Master of the Horse by William Pitt the Younger. He continued in this position until Pitt's death in 1806 and later served under Spencer Perceval and Lord Liverpool as Lord Chamberlain of the Household between 1812[8] and 1821.[9]

Apart from his political career Hertford was also Lord Lieutenant of Warwickshire between 1816 and 1822 and Governor of County Antrim.[2] In 1807 he was appointed a Knight of the Garter.[10] Shortly before his death, he was refused a dukedom by Lord Liverpool.[1]

Family[edit]

Isabella, née Ingram, Hertford's second wife, c. 1800

Lord Hertford married, firstly, the Hon. Alice Elizabeth Windsor, daughter of Herbert Windsor, 2nd Viscount Windsor, on 4 February 1768. After her death in 1772 he married, secondly, the Hon. Isabella Anne Ingram, daughter of Charles Ingram, 9th Viscount of Irvine and Frances Shepherd, on 20 May 1776. She was a mistress of George IV. On the death of his mother-in-law in 1807, he and his wife added the surname Ingram to their own, due to the fortune they inherited from her. Lord Hertford died in London in June 1822, aged 79, and was succeeded by his son from his second marriage, Francis. The Marchioness of Hertford died in April 1834.[2]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by
Edward Smyth
Francis Price
Member of Parliament for Lisburn
1761–1768
With: Francis Price
Succeeded by
Francis Price
Marcus Paterson
Preceded by
Hon. Henry Seymour Conway
Hugh Skeffington
Member of Parliament for Antrim County
1768–1776
With: Viscount Dunluce
Succeeded by
Hon. Henry Seymour-Conway
James Willson
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
James Edward Colleton
George Howard
Member of Parliament for Lostwithiel
1766–1768
With: James Edward Colleton
Succeeded by
Henry Cavendish
Charles Brett
Preceded by
John Offley
Thomas Worsley
Member of Parliament for Orford
1768–1794
With: Edward Colman 1768–1771
Hon. Robert Seymour-Conway 1771–1784
Hon. George Seymour-Conway 1784–1790
Lord William Seymour-Conway 1790–1794
Succeeded by
Lord William Seymour-Conway
Lord Robert Seymour
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Drogheda
Chief Secretary for Ireland
1765–1766
Succeeded by
Hon. Augustus Hervey
Preceded by
Hans Stanley
Cofferer of the Household
1780–1782
Office abolished
Preceded by
The Earl of Chesterfield
Master of the Horse
1804–1806
Succeeded by
The Earl of Carnavon
Preceded by
The Earl of Dartmouth
Lord Chamberlain of the Household
1812–1821
Succeeded by
The Duke of Montrose
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The 2nd Earl of Warwick
Lord Lieutenant of Warwickshire
1816–1822
Succeeded by
The 3rd Earl of Warwick
Vacant
Title last held by
The Duke of Grafton
Vice-Admiral of Suffolk
1822
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Hertford
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Francis Seymour-Conway
Marquess of Hertford
1794–1822
Succeeded by
Francis Seymour-Conway