Francis Vinton Greene
|Francis Vinton Greene|
Francis Vinton Greene
June 27, 1850|
Providence, Rhode Island, USA
|Died||May 13, 1921
New York City, New York, USA
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Years of service||1870–1886, 1898–1899|
|Unit||2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, VIII Corps|
|Battles/wars||Battle of Manila, Spanish-American War (1898)|
|Other work||War Department attaché,
Professor of Artillery at West Point,
New York City Police Commissioner
Francis Vinton Greene (1850–1921) was a United States Army officer who fought in the Spanish-American War. He came from the Greene family of Rhode Island, noted for its long line of participants in American military history.
Greene was born in Providence, Rhode Island on June 27, 1850. He attended the United States Military Academy at West Point and graduated in 1870. He first served in the U.S. artillery and then transferred to the Corps of Engineers in 1872. He next served as an attaché from the War Department to the U.S. legation in St. Petersburg, Russia. While there he served in the Russian army during its war with Turkey. He was promoted to first lieutenant in 1874 and captiain in 1883. He returned to the U.S. and was a civil engineer to the city of Washington, D.C. and was a professor of artillery at West Point before resigning from the Army on December 31, 1886.
When the Spanish-American War broke out he raised the 7th New York Volunteer Infantry and was commissoned as it colonel on May 2, 1898. He was quickly promoted to brigadier general of Volunteers on May 27, 1898. He commanded the second Philippine Expeditionary Force which became the 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, VIII Corps. Greene took a prominent part in the Battle of Manila in 1898. He assisted in the surrender negotiations for Manila. On August, 1898 he was promoted major general of Volunteers and resigned on February 28, 1899. 
After the war, he pursued a variety of occupations. He was a delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1900. He served as the New York City Police Commissioner from 1903 to 1904. He was president of the Niagara-Lockport and Ontario Power Company. He died on May 13, 1921 in New York City.
Greene's family holds a distinguished place in American military history. His father was Civil War general, George Sears Greene, famous for his defense of Culp's Hill at the Battle of Gettysburg. His older brother, Samuel Dana Greene, was the executive officer of the USS Monitor during the Battle of Hampton Roads. All were from Rhode Island.
His publications include a series of works on military campaigns, including:
- The Russian Army and its Campaigns in Turkey (two volumes, 1879)
- Army Life in Russia (1881)
- The Mississippi Campaigns of the Civil War (1882)
- Life of Nathanael Greene, Major-General in the Army of the Revolution (1893)
- The Revolutionary War and the Military Policy of the United States (1911)
Greene also wrote a biographical sketch in a collection of Theodore Roosevelt's political writings entitled, "American Ideals," originally published 1897 and subsequently republished for Roosevelt's presidential campaign in 1900.
- Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army, 1798 - 1903 by Francis B. Heitman.
- "General Greene In Police Department". Baltimore American. December 24, 1902. Retrieved 2011-05-01. "Francis Vinton Greene was this afternoon appointed commissioner of police by Mayor Low to succeed Colonel John Partridge when the latter retires from office on ..."
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Moore, F., eds. (1905). "article name needed". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.