Franz Wilhelm von Wartenberg

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Francis of Wartenberg)
Jump to: navigation, search
Franz Wilhelm von Wartenberg.

Franz Wilhelm, Count von Wartenberg (born at Munich, 1 March 1593; died at Ratisbon, 1 December 1661) was a Bavarian Catholic Bishop of Osnabrück, expelled from his see in the Thirty Years' War and later restored, and at the end of his life a Cardinal.

Life[edit]

He was the eldest son of William V, Duke of Bavaria and his morganatic wife Maria Pettenbeckin.[1] He was educated by the Jesuits at Ingolstadt (1601-8), and at the Germanicum in Rome (1608–14).

In 1621 he became manager of the governmental affairs of the Elector Ferdinand of Cologne, who appointed him president of his council and brought him to the Diet of Ratisbon in 1622. On 26 October 1625, he was elected Bishop of Osnabrück, receiving papal approbation 25 April 1626.

The three preceding bishops had been Protestants and had replaced most of the Catholic priests by Protestant preachers. Cardinal Eitel Friedrich, who succeeded them, endeavoured to restore the Catholic religion but soon died. With the help of Tilly, Wartenberg took possession of his see (12 March 1628), which had been occupied by Danish soldiers. He began the work of Counter-Reformation, drove the Protestant preachers from the city and restored the churches to the Catholics. He eliminated the anti-Catholic element from the city council; took the system of education into his own hands; turned the former Augustinian convent over to the Jesuits whom he engaged as teachers at the Gymnasium Carolinum; restored various religious communities and established new ones; held synods and visitations, and enforced the Tridentine decrees where possible. In 1631, he founded a university which, however, was destroyed by the Swedes in 1633.

Wartenberg was commissioned with the execution of the Edict of Restitution (1629) in Lower Saxony, and was elected later to the provostry of the collegiate church of Ss. Cassius and Florentius in Bonn. He was chosen Prince-Bishop of Verden (1630), Bishop of Minden (1631), and appointed Vicar Apostolic of Bremen by Pope Innocent X (1645). In 1633 Osnabrück capitulated to the Swedes and Wartenberg had to yield his see to Gustavus of Wasaburg, an illegitimate son of Gustavus Adolphus.

During his forced exile, Wartenberg, who had not yet received any of the major orders, was ordained priest and consecrated bishop at Ratisbon in 1636. In 1641 he went to Rome and upon his return was elected Coadjutor Bishop of Ratisbon cum jure successionis, succeeding on 9 April 1650.

In the negotiations of the Peace of Westphalia (1645-8) he represented the Catholic electors. Though preventing the intended secularization of his see by the Swedes, he had to yield to the stipulation that after his death the See of Osnabrück should be alternately administered by a Protestant and by a Catholic bishop. Wartenberg was to keep the See of Osnabrück, but the Sees of Verden, Minden, and Bremen fell into the hands of Protestants, Wartenberg, however, retaining spiritual jurisdiction over them.

On 18 December 1650, he took possession of the See of Osnabrück and worked to restore the Catholic religion. On 5 April 1661, he was created cardinal-priest by Pope Alexander VII.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://de.wikisource.org/wiki/ADB:Wartenberg,_Franz_Wilhelm_v.
  • Goldschmidt, Lebensgesch. des Kard. Priesters Franz Wilhelm (Osnabruck, 1866);
  • Meurer, Franz Wilhelm in Mittheilungen des hist. Vereins zu Osnabruck, X, XI, XXI;
  • Forst, Politische Korrespondenz des Grafen F. W. von Wartenberg aus den Jahren 1621-31 in Publikationen aus den k. preussischen Staatsarchiven, LXVIII (Leipzig, 1897).

External links[edit]

Franz Wilhelm von Wartenberg
Born: 1 March 1593 Died: 1 December 1661
Catholic Church titles
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Eitel Frederick of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
Prince-Bishop of Osnabrück
1625–1634
Succeeded by
Gustav of Vasaborg
as Lutheran administrator
Preceded by
Gustav of Vasaborg
as Lutheran administrator
Prince-Bishop of Osnabrück
1648–1661
Succeeded by
Ernest Augustus, Elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg
as Lutheran administrator
Preceded by
Frederick II, Crown Prince of Denmark
as Lutheran administrator
Prince-Bishop of Verden
1630–1631
Succeeded by
John Frederick of Holstein-Gottorp
as Lutheran administrator
Vacant
Title last held by
Christian the Elder of Brunswick and Lüneburg
as Lutheran administrator
Prince-Bishop of Minden
1631–1648
Secularised: Principality of Minden
Preceded by
Albert IV of Toerring-Stein
Prince-Bishop of Regensburg
1649–1661
Succeeded by
John George of Herberstein
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Leopold Wilhelm, Archduke of Austria1
as Catholic administrator
Vicar Apostolic to the Archdiocese of Bremen2
1645–48
Secularised: Duchy of Bremen
Notes and references
1. Leopold Wilhelm was Catholic administrator, rather than prince-bishop, due to lack of canonical qualification
2. Vicar Apostolic is the provisional head of a See; Franz Wilhelm never gained pastoral influence, let alone power as prince-bishop, due to the Swedish occupation

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company.