Francisco Arias Cárdenas

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Francisco Arias Cárdenas
Francisco Arias Cárdenas.jpg
Deputy of the Nation
Incumbent
Assumed office
5 January 2011
Armoirie.Zulia.Venezuela.png Governor of Zulia
In office
1996–2000
Preceded by Lolita Aniyar de Castro
Succeeded by Germán Valero
Armoirie.Zulia.Venezuela.png Governor of Zulia
Incumbent
Assumed office
2012
Preceded by Pablo Pérez Álvarez
Personal details
Born (1950-11-20) 20 November 1950 (age 64)
San Cristóbal, Táchira State
Political party United Socialist Party of Venezuela
Profession Politician

Francisco Javier Arias Cárdenas (born 20 November 1950) is a Venezuelan politician and career military officer. He participated in Hugo Chávez's unsuccessful February 1992 coup attempt, being pardoned in 1994 by Rafael Caldera, along with the other conspirators. He was elected Governor of Zulia state in 1995 for the Radical Cause, and challenged Hugo Chávez for the presidency in 2000. He was subsequently Venezuelan Ambassador to the UN.

Background and military career[edit]

Born at San Cristóbal in Táchira, Arias graduated from the Venezuelan Academy of Military Sciences in Caracas, the Universidad de Los Andes in Mérida, and the Pontifical Xavierian University in Bogotá, Colombia.

Arias joined Hugo Chávez's clandestine organization, the MBR-200, in 1985, and with Chávez went on to lead a coup attempt against the government of Carlos Andrés Pérez on 4 February 1992. Arias was in charge of the battalion that took over the city of Maracaibo. Despite the success of Arias' battalion, the coup failed when Chávez surrendered to the government. Arias was detained and imprisoned until 1994, when he was pardoned by Rafael Caldera.

Political career[edit]

In 1993, Arias split with Chávez and left the MBR-200, disagreeing with the group's then-strategy of electoral abstentionism.[1] In 1995, Arias ran for governor of Zulia State, as a candidate of Radical Cause. When preliminary results showed the candidate of Acción Democrática winning, people rioted. Things returned to normal later the same day after a final recount of the votes showed Arias as the winner of the election. In 1998, Arias supported Chávez in his bid for the presidency, while he ran again for the governorship of Zulia. Both won their respective elections.

Over time, Arias became critical of Chávez' policies and actions. In 2000, when new presidential elections were called following the approval of a new constitution, Arias contested the election against Chávez. He was supported by a faction of the MBR-200 that had separated with Chávez following the inauguration of the 1999 constitution and claimed to be the "authentic" part of the Bolivarian movement.[2] Arias lost the 2000 election but remained in politics at the head of his newly formed political party, Partido Unión.

On 4 February 2006, Chávez announced that Arias would be rejoining his government. On 1 May 2006, Arias was designated Venezuela's ambassador to the UN.

In 2012, the United Socialist Party of Venezuela (Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela / PSUV) selected Arias as its gubernatorial candidate for Zulia.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ López Maya 1998, p. 90
  2. ^ López Maya 2003, p. 83
  3. ^ Díaz, Sara Carolina (Aug 11, 2012). "Eight military men, two civilians are Chávez's bet for regional elections". El Universal. Retrieved 16 August 2012. 

References[edit]

  • López Maya, Margarita (1998), "New Avenues for Popular Representation in Venezuela: La Causa R and the Movimiento Bolivariano 200", in Canache, Damarys; Kulisheck, Michael R., Reinventing Legitimacy: Democracy and Political Change in Venezuela, Greenwood Publishing Group, ISBN 978-0-313-30668-6 .
  • López Maya, Margarita (2003), "Hugo Chávez Frías: His Movement and His Presidency", in Ellner, Steve; Hellinger, Daniel, Venezuelan Politics in the Chávez Era: Class, Polarization, and Conflict, Lynne Rienner Publishers, ISBN 1588261085 .
Government offices
Preceded by
Pablo Pérez Álvarez
Governor of Zulia
2012–
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Lolita Aniyar de Castro
Governor of Zulia
1996–2000
Succeeded by
Germán Valero