Francisco Bilbao Barquin was born in Santiago on January 9, 1823. Son of Rafael Bilbao Beyne and Argentina Mercedes Barquin.
Because his father, an opponent of Portales, was exiled to Lima, Peru (1843), Francis spent his early years between Santiago and the city. There he lived the political events of the civil war of 1829-1830. In Peru he studied Astronomy, Sciences, Music, and also practiced swimming and gymnastics. He returned to Santiago in 1839 and studied at the Instituto Nacional, taking courses such as Law-Public Law-Constitutional and People, Latin and philosophy, but did not win the title. His teachers were José Andrés Bello and final public appearance Victorino Lastarria.Su was in 1844 when he published his controversial book The Chilean Sociability. He settled in Paris in 1845. He returned to Chile in 1850, the year he also founded the Society of Equality .. In 1851 he led an insurrection against the government of Manuel Montt, after which they had to travel to Peru. He never returned to Chile.
In Lima, he joined the Peruvian political life. In May 1855 he had to leave the country after being persecuted for criticizing the clergy.. He went back to Europe, settling in Paris and Belgium.
In 1857 he returned to the Americas, specifically Argentina, where he died in 1865.
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