Francisco Cuervo y Valdés

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Francisco Cuervo y Valdés
Francisco Cuervo y Valdés
34th Spanish Governor of New Mexico
In office
June 1705 – August 1707
Preceded by Juan Páez Hurtado
Succeeded by Jose Chacón Medina Salazar y Villaseñor
5th Governor of Coahuila
In office
Preceded by Gregorio de Salinas Varona
Succeeded by Mathias de Aguirre
3rd Governor of the Spanish Colony of Texas
In office
Preceded by Gregorio de Salinas Varona
Succeeded by Mathias de Aguirre
Personal details
Born June 16, 1615
Asturias, Spain
Died 1714
Mexico City, Mexico
Profession political

Francisco Cuervo y Valdes (1615–1714) was a Spanish politician who ruled Nuevo Leon, Coahuila (1698–1703), Texas (1698–1702) and New Mexico (1704–1707).


Francisco Cuervo y Valdés, was born on June 16, 1615 in the small town of Llamero, in the municipality of Candamo, Asturias, Spain.[1] Francisco Cuervo y Valdes was a knight of Santiago and a Treasury official in Guadalajara.


Cuervo y Valdés served as the third governor of Spanish Texas from 1698 to 1702. He governed Nuevo Leon and Coahuila, Mexico at the same time.[2]

In 1704, Cuervo was appointed acting governor of New Mexico by the Viceroy of New Spain, Don Francisco Fernández de la Cueva Enríquez, Duke of Alburquerque, and took office on March 10, 1705.[3]

Arriving in the province, Cuervo y Valdés found that social and political issues in the area were very bad. The continuing war between the Apaches and Navajos against the settlers and their common assault on the people of the province had created these issues. The soldiers needed clothing and supplies. The governor asked the viceroy for weapons, ammunition and clothing, however, the viceroy sent only a small amount of weapons and ammunition to New Mexico.

In 1706, Cuervo y Valdés founded Albuquerque and named the town in honor of the Viceroy. Cuervo y Valdés ordered a Spanish garrison established in the city, and it was inhabited by thirty families.

Cuervo y Valdés refounded areas in New Mexico, including Santa Maria de Galisteo (formerly known as Santa Cruz) that was populated by about eighteen families from Tanos. He left office in 1707.[3]

Cuervo y Valdés died in Mexico City in 1714.


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