Francisco Dagohoy

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For the Philippine Navy ship, see BRP Francisco Dagohoy (PF-10).
Francisco Dagohoy
Born Francisco Sendrijas
1724
Inabanga, Bohol
Died 1800 (aged 75–76)
Talibon, Bohol
Organization Boholano insurgents

Francisco Dagohoy, (born Francisco Sendrijas) was a Boholano who holds the distinction of having led the longest revolt in Philippine history, the Dagohoy Rebellion. This rebellion against the Spanish colonial government took place in the island of Bohol from 1744 to 1828,[1] roughly 85 years.

About Dagohoy[edit]

A full blooded Boholano, little is known of Francisco Dagohoy's lifestyle before the rebellion, or even his early life.[2] The only information known is that his real name was Francisco Sendrijas and he was born in 1724, his father is a Boholano while his mother was a Cebuano Indian descent[3] and that he was a native of Brgy. Cambitoon, Inabanga, Bohol. He was also a cabeza de barangay, or one of the barangay captains of the town.[4]

The name Dagohoy is a concatenation of the Visayan phrase, Dagon sa huyuhoy or talisman of the breeze in English.[5]

The Dagohoy Rebellion (1744–1828)[edit]

Main article: Dagohoy Rebellion

The Dagohoy Civil War was one of two significant revolts that occurred in Bohol, Philippines during the Spanish Era. The other one was the Tamblot Uprising in 1621 led by Tamblot, a babaylan or native priest from Bohol which was basically a religious conflict.[6]

Unlike the Tamblot revolt, the Dagohoy rebellion was not a religious conflict. Rather, it was like most of the early revolts which were ignited by forced labor (polo y servicios), Spanish oppression, bandala, excessive tax collection and payment of tributes.[7] On top of these injustices of the Jesuit priests, what triggered Dagohoy most was the refusal of the Jesuit priest to give a Christian burial to his brother who died in a duel. This caused Dagohoy to call upon his fellow Boholanos to raise arms against the oppressors. The rebellion outlasted several Spanish Governors-General and several missions.[7]

In 1744, Gaspar Morales, the Jesuit curate of Inabanga, ordered Francisco's brother, Sagarino, who was a constable, to capture an apostate fugitive. Sagarino pursued the fugitive, but the latter resisted and killed him. Morales refused to give him a Christian burial because he had died in a duel, a practice banned by the Church.

Infuriated, Francisco instigated the people to rise in arms. The signal of the uprising was the killing of Giuseppe Lamberti, Italian Jesuit curate of Jagna on January 24, 1744. The rebellion rolled over the whole island like a typhoon; Morales was slain by Dagohoy afterwards. Bishop Miguel Lino de Espeleta of Cebu, who exercised ecclesiastical authority over Bohol, tried vainly to mollify the rebellious Boholanos.

Dagohoy defeated the Spanish forces sent against him. He established Bohol Republic[8] a free government in the mountains of Bohol on December 20, 1745,[3] and had 3,000 followers, which subsequently increased to 20,000. His followers remained unsubdued in their mountains stronghold and, even after Dagohoy's death, continued to defy Spanish power.

The Francisco Dagohoy Cave in Danao was the headquarters of Dagohoy. One of the many crystal-studded passages within Dagohoy's cave has an underwater route leading to dry land, and it is said that every time Spaniards would search the cave, Dagohoy would swim underwater through this passage to hide in the breathing space.[9] Twenty Spanish governors-general, from Gasper de la Torre (1739–45) to Juan Antonio Martínez (1822–25), tried to quell the rebellion and failed. In 1825, General Mariano Ricafort (1825–30), a kind and able administrator, became governor-general of the Philippines. Upon his order, Alcalde-mayor Jose Lazaro Cairo, at the head of 2,200 Filipino-Spanish troops and several batteries, invaded Bohol on May 7, 1827. The Boholanos resisted fiercely. Cairo won several engagements, but failed to crush the rebellion. In April 1828, another Spanish expedition under Captain Manuel Sanz landed in Bohol. After more than a year of hard campaign, he finally subdued the patriots. By August 31, 1828, the rebellion had ceased. In a chivalric move, Governor Ricafort pardoned 19,420 survivors and permitted them to live in new villages at the lowlands. These villages are now the towns of Batuan, Cabulao, Catigbian, and Bilar.

Death[edit]

Some say, Francisco Sendrijas a.k.a Dagohoy died 101 years old in 1825 while suffering from rabies. But some say he died from old age 2 years before the fall of the rebellion. No one is certain when or where Dagohoy died.

Legacy[edit]

Dagohoy is remembered in the pages of Philippine history as the leader of the longest insurrection on record. His revolt lasted 85 years(1744–1828).[1]

The town of Dagohoy, Bohol is named in his honor. It was the former President Carlos P. Garcia, then the Vice President, a Boholano, who proposed the name "Dagohoy" in his honor.[5]

A historical marker on Dagohoy's grave in the mountains of Danao, Bohol has been installed in his honor. The Dagohoy Marker in Magtangtang, Danao, Bohol, 92 km. from the Tagbilaran City was installed by the Philippine Historical Commission to honor the heroic deeds of Dagohoy.[10] Magtangtang was Dagohoy's headquarters or hideout during the revolt. Hundreds of Dagohoy's followers preferred death inside the cave than surrender. Their skeletons still remain in the site.[10]

The Dagohoy Memorial National High School in Dagohoy, Bohol is named in his honor.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Readings From Bohol's History, Source: Philippine Political and Cultural History. Volume I. Gregorio F. Zaide Retrieved 15 November 2006.
  2. ^ Francisco Dagohoy at the Wayback Machine (archived November 5, 2007) Retrieved 25 November 2006.
  3. ^ a b Rebuilding for a better Philippines. 'Brief Histories of Dagohoy, Bonifacio and Aguinaldo' Retrieved 02 December 2013.
  4. ^ The Boholano Revolution Against Spain Retrieved 25 November 2006.
  5. ^ a b Establishment of the town of Dagohoy, Bohol www.boholchronicle.com Retrieved 8 July 2006.
  6. ^ Tirol, Jes. Abatan River Cruise: A travel through history Retrieved 21 November 2006.
  7. ^ a b The Revolts before the Revolution Retrieved 21 November 2006.
  8. ^ Bohol.ph. 'A Short History of Bohol (Part I)' Retrieved 02 December 2013.
  9. ^ Hellingman, Jeroen. Bohol, Cave Country Retrieved 28 November 2006.
  10. ^ a b Things to do and see in Bohol Retrieved 25 November 2006.

External links[edit]

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