Francisco Guerrero (killer)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Francisco Guerrero Pérez
Francisco Guerrero (002).jpg
Francisco Guerrero`s face
Born 1840
The Bajío, Mexico
Died November, 1910
Palacio de Lecumberri, Mexico City
Cause of death
Cerebral thromboembolism secondary to unknown cause
Other names "El Chalequero" (from his habit of forcing himself onto women, local slang was "a chaleco")[1]
Criminal penalty
Death penalty
Killings
Victims 21
Span of killings
1880–1908
Country Mexico
State(s) Mexico City
Date apprehended
1888 and 1908

Francisco Guerrero Pérez (1840–1910), also known as Antonio Prida, was the first serial killer to be captured in Mexico. Guerrero killed approximately twenty female prostitutes in Mexico City between 1880 and 1888. He also killed one woman whose status as a prostitute has been inconsistently reported.[2]

Guerrero and Jack the Ripper were contemporaries and their modus operandi were similar—some authors compare the two men.[3] He was also known as "El Chalequero", "The Mexican Bluebeard", "The Consulado River Strangler", "The Consulado River Ripper", or the "The Mexican Ripper".[4] He was an organized, sedentary, and missionary killer who was motivated by hatred.

Background[edit]

Guerrero was born in 1840 in the Bajío region of Mexico to an impoverished family. He was an eleventh child whose childhood was marked by poverty, maternal abuse and paternal absence. In 1862, the twenty-two year-old migrated to Mexico City, where he worked for a shoemaker.[5]

Guerrero never masked his misogyny, nor his crimes, but was married and had four children. He also had extramarital children and numerous relationships with female prostitutes. He may have been a procurer.[citation needed]

He lived in the Peralvillo neighborhood where he was open about his crimes—Guerrero was proud of his lifestyle as well as his murders. However, Guerrero's peers in Peralvillo were too afraid of him to act in response to the killing. Paradoxically, he was said to be a Catholic[citation needed] and a devotee of the Lady of Guadalupe, a faith that Guerrero proclaimed proudly to others.[citation needed]

Guerrero dressed extravagantly but elegantly, with cashmere pants, a charro vest and a charro jacket.[6] He was described by an anonymous source as a "...handsome, elegant, flirtatious and quarrelsome man".[7]

There are two theories on the origin of the nickname "Chalequero". One says that it was simply because he always used vests, and the other postulates it was because the name "Chalequero" alludes to the Spanish expression "... a puro chaleco". This expression means that he made a sexual victim of any woman that he felt attracted to, whether they liked him or not.[8]

Psychiatric profile[edit]

Francisco Guerrero`s picture in 1888

Guerrero was psychopathic; he didn`t feel empathy or guilt and he had a parasitic lifestyle. He saw other persons as objects, had inflated self-esteem, suffered sudden anger attacks, was manipulative and promiscuous. However, he was charismatic.[9] In the prison, he was described by the other prisoners as: "a silent and quiet person, he cares about his appearance". On one occasion, he wrote a letter to the prison director asking permission for his family to bring him a new pair of pants so that he could, in his words, "dress according to his education".[10] He was never diagnosed, but his behavior and personality are characteristic of a personality disorder.

He saw the female gender as nothing more than a disposable conduit to sexual gratification. His crimes involved hate, showed extreme cruelty and were marked by perversions such as sexual mutilation. He violated his victims to show the superiority and power that, according to him, he held over the women. Almost all of his victims were prostitutes, but he didn't kill them because of their work; he killed them because they were vulnerable. According to him, "...women had a duty to be faithful to their men, and female adultery should be punished with the death penalty."[7]

His personality disorder and misogyny are said to be related to his mother's rejection in childhood. It degenerated into an unresolved Oedipus complex. He projected feelings toward his mother onto his victims.[11]

Criminal profile by Lombroso[edit]

José Guadalupe Posada's drawing of a Guerrero murder.

Based on Cesare Lombroso's theories, the police did a criminal profile of the killer. They rated him as a born criminal: the suspect was a man, illiterate, of low social status and subnormal intelligence; physically, he was a half-caste or American native, his facial features were very manly and almost simian and in his appearance he had notorious decadence features.

Carlos Roumagnac, one by the first Mexican criminologists, concluded that Consulado River`s Ripper was a born criminal:

"...there isn`t sufficient information by to suppose than (...) the Chalequero committed his crimes motivated by an irresistible sexual compulsion (..) he didn`t commit it by a sexual impulse (...) he committed it by conscious and violent impulse (...) he`s a violent degenerate."

Roumagnac didn`t believe that he was motivated by sexual compulsion. And though he described him as a "born criminal", he believed that Guerrero was an organized killer.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pablo Piccato (26 September 2001). City of Suspects: Crime in Mexico City, 1900–1931. Duke University Press. p. 119. ISBN 0-8223-2747-3. 
  2. ^ Ham, Ricardo (2007). "1. Francisco Guerrero". México y sus asesinos seriales. Mexico City, Mexico: Samsara. p. 10. ISBN 978-970-9425727. Retrieved July 22, 2012. 
  3. ^ Pilcher, Jeffrey M. (2006). "2. THe Porfirian Jungle". The Sausage Rebelion: Public Health, Private Enterprise, and Meat in Mexico City, 1890-1917 (1 st. ed.). New Mexico, USA: University of New Mexico Press. pp. 62–65. ISBN 978-0-8263-3796-2. Retrieved 2012-07-23. 
  4. ^ Del Castillo Troncoso, Alberto (1888). "13. El Chalequero". Libro Rojo, Vol. 1 (in Spanish) (1st. ed.). Mexico City, Mexico: Gerardo Villadelángel; Fondo de Cultura Económica. pp. 128–145. ISBN 9681686152. Retrieved 2012-07-23. 
  5. ^ Del Castillo Troncoso, Alberto (1888). "13. El Chalequero". Libro Rojo, Vol. 1 (in Spanish) (1st. ed.). Mexico City, Mexico: Gerardo Villadelángel; Fondo de Cultura Económica. p. 157. ISBN 9681686152. Retrieved 2012-07-23. 
  6. ^ Juan Pablo Arango and Martỉn Gabriel Barrón (interviewee), and Atala Sarmiento (interviewer) (2009). La Historia detrás del Mito: "Crimenes Legendarios" (7/8) [The History behind to the Myth: "Legendary Crimes" (7/8)] (Youtube Video) (TV) (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: TV Azteca. Retrieved 2012-07-24. 
  7. ^ a b Hernan Almaguer. "Francisco Guerrero "El Chalequero"; el primer asesino serial mexicano; reportaje". Reports. Sangre y Plomo. Retrieved 24 July 2012. 
  8. ^ Pérez Montfort, Ricardo (1997). "9. "El Chalequero"". Hábitos, normas y escándalos: prensa, criminalidad y drogas durante el Porfiriato tardío. Mexico City, Mexico: Plaza y Valdés Editores. p. 67. ISBN 968-856-558-X. Retrieved July 24, 2012. 
  9. ^ Lazo, Norma (2007). Sin Clemencia: Los Crimenes Que Conmocionaron A Mexico. Mexico City, Mexico: Random House Mondadori. ISBN 9789707807402. 
  10. ^ "Francisco Guerrero: "El Chalequero"". Escrito con Sangre. Retrieved 24 July 2012. 
  11. ^ Roberto Domìnguez (reporter) (2011). El Chalequero, primer asesino serial mexicano [The Chalequero, the first Mexican serial killer] (Youtube Video) (TV) (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: TV Azteca. Retrieved 2012-07-25.