Francisco León de la Barra
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|Francisco León de la Barra|
32nd President of Mexico
May 25, 1911 – November 5, 1911
|Preceded by||Porfirio Díaz|
|Succeeded by||Francisco I. Madero|
16 June 1863|
Querétaro, Querétaro, Mexican Empire
|Died||23 September 1939
|Spouse(s)||María Elena Borneque
María del Refugio Borneque
He obtained a degree in law in Querétaro before entering politics as a federal deputy in 1891. In 1892 he attended the Ibero-American Judicial Conference held in Madrid on the occasion of the four hundredth anniversary of Columbus' discovery of America.
In 1896 León de la Barra entered the diplomatic corps, serving as envoy to Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Belgium, the Netherlands, and the United States (1909–11). He is credited in Mexico with convincing U.S. President William Howard Taft that the 1911 Mexico revolt against Porfirio Díaz did not justify U.S. intervention.
He was Mexico's representative at the The Hague peace conference in 1907. During this time, he earned a reputation as an authority on international law. On 25 March 1911 he briefly became foreign secretary under Díaz.
President Porfirio Díaz was re-elected for a seventh time on October 4, 1910. As a result, Francisco I. Madero rose in revolt, proclaiming the Plan de San Luis. The revolt was successful, and Díaz signed the Treaty of Ciudad Juárez on May 21, 1911, in which he agreed to resign. His resignation took effect on May 25, and León de la Barra was made interim president until new elections could be held. He served until November 6, 1911, when Madero took office as the duly-elected president.
León de la Barra served again as foreign secretary from February 11, 1913 to July 4, 1914 in the government of General Victoriano Huerta. He was elected governor of the State of Mexico in 1914, but he soon resigned to pursue a career in international law in Europe. He was ambassador to France and president of the Permanent Court of Arbitration, located in The Hague. He participated in various international commissions after World War I and wrote many works on judicial and administrative affairs. In early 1939, León de la Barra was used by the French Foreign Minister Georges Bonnet as an unofficial diplomat to begin talks with General Francisco Franco for French recognition of the Spanish Nationalists as the legitimate government of Spain. As a result of the talks León de la Barra began, France recognized the Spanish Nationalists in February 1939. He died in Biarritz on September 23, 1939, without ever returning to Mexico.
He married María Elena Barneque, and when she died he married her sister, María del Refugio Barneque.
- Duroselle, Jean-Baptiste France and the Nazi Threat, New York: Enigma Books, 2004 page 339.
- (Spanish) "León de la Barra, Francisco", Enciclopedia de México, vol. 8. Mexico City: 1996, ISBN 1-56409-016-7.
- (Spanish) García Puron, Manuel, México y sus gobernantes, v. 2. Mexico City: Joaquín Porrúa, 1984.
- (Spanish) Orozco Linares, Fernando, Gobernantes de México. Mexico City: Panorama Editorial, 1985, ISBN 968-38-0260-5.
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|President of Mexico
25 May - 5 November 1911
Francisco I. Madero