|Coordinator of Left Bloc|
1999 – 10 November 2011
|Succeeded by||Catarina Martins
|Born||Francisco Anacleto Louçã
12 November 1956
|Political party||Left Bloc (since 1999)|
|Revolutionary Socialist Party (1978-1999)
Internationalist Communist League (1973-1978)
|Alma mater||Technical University of Lisbon|
The second son of António Seixas Louçã, a Portuguese Navy Officer, and his wife Noémia da Rocha Neves Anacleto, lawyer, grandson of António Neves Anacleto, from Silves, brother of Isabel Maria, António, João Carlos and Jorge Manuel, and cousin of Vítor Gaspar, former Minister of Finances at Pedro Passos Coelho's government.
He is a Full Professor of Economics in Lisbon's Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão ("Higher Institute of Economics and Management"), which belongs to the Technical University of Lisbon and was a member of the Portuguese Parliament from 1999 to 2012.
He is also the author of several books and scientific articles on the history of economic thought, the dynamics of complex adaptive systems and the nature of long-term techno-economic change, including "Turbulence in Economics" (Elgar, 1997), "As Time Goes By" (with Chris Freeman, Oxford University Press, 2011 and 2002, translated into Portuguese, Russian, Chinese), "The Years of High Econometrics" (Routledge, 2007) and a number of papers in scientific journals in economics, mathematical physics, history of economic ideas, mathematical modeling of financial markets, history of biology. His scientific books are translated into eleven languages. He was awarded the prize for the best scientific paper of the year by the History of Economics Association (1999).
Louçã was an active opponent of the pre-democracy regime, was arrested for a protest against the colonial war and for a brief period in 1972, before the fall of the dictatorship (April 25, 1974). More recently he helped found the left-wing party Left Bloc (Portuguese: Bloco de Esquerda) in 1999. Louçã received 288,224 votes (5.31%) in the Portuguese 2006 presidential elections.
2006 Portuguese presidential election
|Candidates||Supporting parties||First round|
|Aníbal Cavaco Silva||Social Democratic Party, People's Party||2,773,431||50.54|
|Mário Soares||Socialist Party||785,355||14.31|
|Jerónimo de Sousa||Portuguese Communist Party, Ecologist Party "The Greens"||474,083||8.64|
|Francisco Louçã||Left Bloc||292,198||5.32|
|António Garcia Pereira||PCTP/MRPP||23,983||0.44|
|Total (turnout 61.53%)||5,590,132|
|Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições|
- "Biografia" (in Portuguese). Parlamento.pt. Retrieved 14 February 2011.