Francisco Manuel Trigoso
September 17, 1777|
|Died||December 11, 1838(aged 61)|
Francisco Manuel Trigoso de Aragão Morato (Lisbon, September 17, 1777 - December 11, 1838), best known as Francisco Trigoso was a Portuguese liberalist politician. He presided over the Portuguese government from August 1 to December 6, 1826.
Francisco Trigoso was born in Lisbon, and was the son of Francisco Mendo Trigoso Pereira Homem de Magalhães and de Antónia Joaquina Teresa de Sousa Morato. He seemed destined to the an ecclesiastical career and did his preparatory studies at the Colégio dos Nobres (Lit. Nobleman's College) from 1790 to 1793, having then enrolled the Canon Law degree at the University of Coimbra. He graduated in 1799 at age 22.
Considered a brilliant student he started his academic career at the University of Coimbra as lente (lit. professor) of law. He published several works about law and history which were, at the time considered of great value.
With the advent of liberalism, he was elected to the Cortes Gerais Extraordinárias e Constituintes da Nação Portuguesa (Extraordinary and Constituent General Courts), where he was elected as session president for five times. He also had an important role in the standardization of weights and measurements in Portugal and was a member of the committee tasked with revising the foral laws.
As a consequence of the Vilafrancada he left Lisbon, having returned to participate in the drafting of the Carta Constitucional (Constitutional Charter) which had been promised by John VI of Portugal. The king, however, never signed the Charter into effect. With the beginning of the Miguel of Portugal's reign he once again retired from public life. He would once again return to politics when in July 1833, Lisbon was taken by the liberal troops, commanded by the First Duke of Terceira.
In 1834, with the onset of the liberal regime, he was raised to peerage, by royal decree of September 1, 1834. He was appointed as vice-president of the council on September 25 and began to preside over the sessions due to the Duke of Palmela's sickness. While a member of the Council, he specialized in judiciary matters, such as land right and mortgages and also on ecclesiastical issues.
In 1836, after the September Revolution, he tried, unsuccessfully, to concile the positions held by the Cartistas with those of Manuel da Silva Passos, leader of the revolutionaries. At around this time he was in the process of negotiating with the Vatican the normalization of diplomatic ties with between Portugal and the Roman Catholic Church.
Francisco Trigoso died suddenly in Lisbon on December 11, 1838, at age 61.
He held the following positions during his career:
- Lente de Instituições Canónicas na Universidade de Coimbra.
- Commissary of the Escolas e Estudos da Corte e Província da Estremadura (1806);
- Elected vice-secretary of the Academia Real das Ciências de Lisboa (1812);
- Francisco de Almeida Portugal, Apontamentos para o Elogio Histórico do Ex.mo Sr. Francisco Manuel Trigoso de Aragão Morato, Lisboa, 1840.
- Francisco Manuel Trigoso de Aragão Morato, Memórias de Francisco Manuel Trigoso de Aragão Morato, começadas a escrever por ele mesmo em princípios de Janeiro de 1824 e terminadas em 15 de Julho de 1835, revistas e coordenadas por Ernesto de Campos de Andrada, Coimbra, Imprensa da Universidade, 1933.
- Maria Filomena Mónica (coordenadora), Dicionário Biográfico Parlamentar (1834-1910), volume II, pp. 993–995, Assembleia da República, Lisboa, 2005.
- Pedro Martins, Ideologia e Temporalidade. As ideias políticas de Francisco Manuel Trigoso (1777-1838), CHC, Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas da Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Lisboa, 1995.
- Picture of Francisco Trigoso at the Biblioteca Nacional Digital
- Francisco Trigoso at the Portal da História
- Das Memórias de Francisco Manuel Trigoso