Francisco de Moncada, 3rd Marquis of Aitona

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Francisco de Moncada, 3rd Marquis of Aitona, (1586 - 1653), Count of Ossona, from an 11th-century noble Catalan family intervening in the South of Spain, Sicily and the Byzantine Empire, after the 13th and 14th centuries. Painting by Anthony van Dyck, (Antwerp, 1599 - London, 1641), disciple of Peter Paul Rubens, a diplomat at the service of the Spanish Crown, while Francisco de Moncada was a Governor in the Spanish Netherlands, kept at the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria

Francisco de Moncada (in Catalan: Francesc de Montcada i Montcada), 3rd Marquis of Aytona, (1586–1635) was a Spanish diplomat, soldier and writer of the early 17th century. He was also a governor of the Spanish Netherlands.

Early life[edit]

Moncada, Ambassador in Germany and Governor at the Spanish Netherlands, a General and Commander of the Spanish-Flemish Armies, and a brilliant medieval historian, was born in Valencia to Gastón de Moncada, 2nd Marquis of Aitona,( 1554–1626), Ambassador to Rome Viceroy of Sardinia, 1590–1595, Viceroy of Aragon,1603–1610, and his wife Cataline de Moncada (her maiden name) baroness of Callosa[disambiguation needed]. He was taught as a child of the great works of both chivalry and the troubadours, especially Joanot Martorell's Tirant lo Blanch which influenced Miguel de Cervantes so much that he praises it in Don Quixote.

Literary work[edit]

Moncada wrote Expedicion de Catalanes y Argoneses al Oriente about the Catalan Company. This history gives an account of the followers of Roger de Flor in their cooperation and fighting the Byzantine Empire and later their capture of the Duchy of Athens.Editions: (Barcelona, 1623; Madrid, 1777, 1805, 1883;around 97 pages, Paris, 1841, in "Tesoro de los historiadores espanoles").

Moncada also wrote Vida de Anicio Manlio Torquato Severino Boecio. This Roman politician from an illustrious imperial family of the 6th century, was known as Anicius Manlius Severinus Boëthius, commonly called Boethius. This work was not published until after Moncada's death, first going to press at Frankfurt, Germany in 1642.

Government service[edit]

Moncada served as the Spanish ambassador to the Holy Roman Emperor for a time. The emperor Ferdinand II was very impressed with him.

He served as a counselor to Princess Isabella Clara Eugenia of Spain, regent of the Spanish Netherlands. While serving in Brussels he tried to convince King Philip IV of Spain to transfer the general management of affairs in his Netherlands possessions to Brussels and remove any responsibility for such matters from the government in Madrid. His proposals to give the various peoples in the Netherlands still under Habsburg rule more say in their governmental affairs were rejected.

He was made the commander-in-chief of the Spanish navy in the Netherlands in 1630. On 12–13 March 1631, his seamen were defeated at the Battle of the Slaak, the commander being then a Catholic member of the House of Orange-Nassau, namely Count Jan VIII van Nassau-Siegen, (Dillenburg, Germany, 1583 - Count successor 1623 - Siegen, Belgium, 27 September 1623).

Catholic Count Jan VIII van Nassau-Siegen, (Dillenburg, Germany, 1583 - married at Brussels, 13 August 1618, Ernestine Yolanda de Ligne D'amblisse, (1594 - 1668) - Count successor 1623 - Siegen, Belgium, 1638), was in charge of the Spanish-Flemish Fleet defeated by Dutch, Scots and English mercenaries, September 1631, at the Battle of the Slaak, fighting on behalf of the Spanish Governor Francisco de Moncada, 3rd Marquis of Aitona, (1586 - 1635). Rijksmuseum Amsterdam, 30x24.6 cm

In 1632 he was put in charge of all Spanish forces in the Netherlands. In 1634 he was made governor of the Spanish Netherlands on the death of Spanish Netherlands Governees Isabella Clara Eugenia, (born 1566*, in December 1633.

He died of illness in 1635 at the Battle of Goch, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, 51°41′2″N 6°9′43″E, very near the actual Dutch-German border.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Introduction to Frances Hernandez' translation of Moncada's Catalan Chronicle.

External links[edit]

Media related to Francisco de Moncada, 3rd Marquis of Aitona at Wikimedia Commons