Francisco de Toral

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Francisco (de) Toral (1502–1571) was a Franciscan missionary in New Spain, and the first Bishop of Yucatán.

As part of his effort to Christianize the Indians of New Spain, Toral learned to speak the Nahuatl and Popoloca languages, and compiled a dictionary and grammar of the latter. He also charged Bernardino de Sahagún with the creation of the Historia General de las Cosas de Nueva España. In Yucatán he led an investigation into the alleged abuses of the Maya by Diego de Landa, employing Gaspar Antonio Chi as his interpreter; Landa would eventually be acquitted, and follow Toral as Bishop of Yucatán. He claimed that crosses were being burned, and human sacrifices were made in church. In the end, Mayans were considered innocent, based on the lack of proof.

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Diego de Estremera
Guardian of Tecamachalco[disambiguation needed]
1548–1550
Succeeded by
Juan de Vesar
Preceded by
Buenaventura de Salinas
Guardian of Tecamachalco[disambiguation needed]
1556–1557
Succeeded by
Alonso de Molina
Preceded by
Francisco de Bustamante
Provincial of the Province of the Holy Gospel
1558–1561
Succeeded by
Francisco de Bustamante
New diocese Bishop of Yucatán
1561–1571
Succeeded by
Diego de Landa