Francisco de Tutavilla y del Rufo, Duque de San Germán

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Francisco de Tutavilla y del Tufo, Duque de San Germán, (Naples, Italy, 1604 - Madrid, Spain, 30 January 1679), a General of the Extremadura Army fighting at the time of the Portuguese Restoration War, 1657–1658, at the Sieges of Olivenza, Badajoz and Mouao, Viceroy of Navarre, (April 1664 - February 1668), Viceroy of Sardinia, (December 1668 - January 1673), Viceroy of Catalonia, (August 1673 - October 1675), Commander of Peñausende from the Spanish Military Order of Santiago, Sieur of Campana de Albalá and Saucedilla, was an Italian - Spanish military Viceroy serving kings Philip IV of Spain and Charles II of Spain.

Biography[edit]

He was the successor at the ends of 1668 of the assassinated Viceroy of Sardinia, known as Diego de los Cobos y Luna, 2nd Duke of Sabiote, ( - Caller, Sardinia Island, 1665 - July 1668), a Grandee of Spain, former Viceroy of Valencia, 1659–1663, 4th Marquis of Camarasa since 1646, 2nd Count of Ricla, 10th Count of Ribadavia, 8th Count of Castrojeriz, Count of Villazopeque and other lesser nobility titles.

Frederick Schomberg, 1st Duke of Schomberg, (Heidelberg, Germany, 1615 - Battle of the Boyne, near Drogheda, Ireland, 1 July 1690), former adviser to the Portuguese Restoration War, reconquered Bellegarde Fort in 1675, near the actual French-Spanish frontier at Le Perthus, captured in 1674 by Neapolitan born Viceroy of Catalonia Francisco de Tutavilla y del Rufo, Duque de San Germán, (1604–1679)

He conquered in 1674 Bellegarde Fort, 42° 27′ 31″ N, 2° 51′ 33″ E, French since the Peace of the Pyrenees of 1659 between France and Spain, but it was taken back by the mercenary Troop Commander Frederick Schomberg, 1st Duke of Schomberg, (Heidelberg, Germany, 1615 - Battle of the Boyne, near Drogheda, Ireland, 1 July 1690 1690) on behalf of king Louis XIV of France.

Francisco's father was named Ottavio while his grandfather on his mother side, Porzia, was named also Ottavio (del Tufo), being the son of Paolo del Tufo, 1st Baron of San Marzano, deceased 1566. His great grandfather on his grandfather side was Giovanni del Tufo, 1st Baron of Livello, in Basilicata, deceased 1519. The grandfather of Giovanni del Tufo was named Giacomo del Tufo, 8th Baron del Tufo.

Probably, the title of Baron of San Marzano, refers to San Marzano di San Giuseppe, Puglia, South Italy, a notorious medieval Greek-Orthodox place, conquered by soldiers of the Aragonese Crown during the 14th and 15th centuries with the help of Albanese Condottiere, Giorgio Castriota Skanderberg. King Charles I of Spain, a.k.a. Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor invested in 1530 as Barone di San Marzano the Albanese Captain Demetrio Capuzzimuti. This Greek-Albanese culture South Italian town, at least in the past, in Puglia, should not be confounded with another San Marzano at the Piedmont region, North Italy. However, most probably too, this San Marzano di San Giuseppe in Puglia, has to see with the world famous San Marzano tomatoes, for the "pizza napolitana", as the story goes that the first seed of the San Marzano tomato came to Campania in 1770, as a gift from the Kingdom of Peru, then at the Crown of Spain, to the Kingdom of Naples, attached also to such Crown for several centuries by then.

Italian-Spanish Duke Francisco de Tutavilla y del Tufo (1604–1679), Viceroy and Greneral, was married to Spanish noblewoman, mainly of Portuguese ancestors who was known on some documents as Catalina de Cárdenas Colón de Toledo y Portugal, 14ª Countess of la Puebla del Maestre, 5th Marchioness of Bacares, deceased at Madrid, Spain, 4 January 1701, but they had not issue.

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