The first French settlers arrived in Mauritius (then Isle de France) in 1722, after the previous attempts of settlement by the Dutch had failed, and the island had once again become abandoned. They lived and prospered on the island, ruling it until the British invasion of 1810. The French by now strongly identified with the island, and the terms of capitulation allowed the settlers to live on as a distinct francophone ethnic group for the next 158 years under British rule before Mauritius attained independence.
Most Franco-Mauritians are Roman Catholic. They are the wealthiest ethnic group in Mauritius.
- Paul Bérenger, notable Franco-Mauritian and former Prime Minister of Mauritius
- J. M. G. Le Clézio a French author from Franco-Mauritian origins, awarded the 2008 Nobel Prize in Literature.
- Mauritian Creole people
- Mauritian Creole