Franco-Polish alliance (1524)

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"Franco-Polish alliance" redirects here. For the 20th-century alliance, see Franco-Polish alliance (1921).
Foreign alliances of France
Frankish-Abbasid alliance 8th–9th c.
Franco-Scottish alliance 1295–1560
Franco-Polish alliance 1524–1526
Franco-Hungarian alliance 1528–1552
Franco-Ottoman alliance 16–19th c.
Anglo-French Alliance 1657–1660
American Indians 17–18th c.
Anglo-French Alliance 1716–1731
Franco-Spanish alliance 1733–1792
Franco-Austrian alliance 1756–1792
Franco-Indian alliances 18th c.
Franco-Vietnamese alliance 1777–1820
Franco-American alliance 1778–1794
Franco-Persian alliance 1807–1809
Franco-Prussian alliance 1812
Franco-Russian alliance 1892–1917
Entente cordiale 1904–present
Franco-Polish alliance 1921–1940
Franco-Italian Alliance 1935
Franco-Soviet Treaty 1936–1939
NATO 1949–present
WEU (1948) 1954–2011
Regional relations
France–Asia relations
France–Americas relations
France–Africa relations

A Franco-Polish alliance was formed in 1524 between the king of France Francis I and the king of Poland Sigismund I.[1]

Francis I was looking for allies in Central Europe, in order to create a balance against the power of Habsburg Emperor Charles V.[1] Queen Bona Sforza, the Italian wife of Sigismund, was instrumental in promoting the alliance, with the objective of recovering sovereignty of Milan.[2] Sigismund himself was motivated by such an alliance because Charles V was getting closer to Russia, thus threatening Poland on two fronts.[2]

The negotiations were handled by Antonio Rincon in 1524, who was then followed by Jerome Laski.[1] Through the agreement, the son of Francis, Henry, Duke of Orléans, was to marry a daughter of Sigismund I, and Sigismund's eldest son was to marry a daughter of Francis I.[1] According to the same agreement, Sigismund was supposed to support Francis' efforts at reconquering Milan, to which Sigismund had some right through his earlier marriage with Bona Sforza.[1] The alliance was effectively signed in 1524.[2]

The agreement fell through however when Francis I was vanquished by Charles V at the Battle of Pavia in 1525.[1] When Francis again looked for Central European allies after 1526, he would look at Hungary instead, finally forming a Franco-Hungarian alliance with King Zapolya in 1528.[1]

See also[edit]