Franco Frattini

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Franco Frattini
Franco Frattini on April 6, 2011.jpg
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
8 May 2008 – 16 November 2011
Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi
Preceded by Massimo D'Alema
Succeeded by Giulio Terzi Sant'Agata
In office
14 November 2002 – 18 November 2004
Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi
Preceded by Silvio Berlusconi
Succeeded by Gianfranco Fini
European Commissioner for Justice, Freedom and Security
In office
22 November 2004 – 8 May 2008
President José Manuel Barroso
Preceded by António Vitorino
Succeeded by Jacques Barrot
Personal details
Born (1957-03-14) 14 March 1957 (age 57)
Rome, Italy
Political party Italian Socialist Party (1990-1994)
Forza Italia (1994-2009)
The People of Freedom (2009-2012)
Independent (since 2012)

Franco Frattini (born 14 March 1957 in Rome) is an Italian politician. A junior minister from 1994 to 1996 in the Berlusconi I and Dini cabinets, he later served as Foreign minister in the Berlusconi II and III cabinets (2002-2004). Frattini was nominated Vice President and European Commissioner for Justice, Freedom and Security in the first Barroso Commission (2004-2008), which he left to come back as Italian Foreign minister in the last Berlusconi IV Cabinet (2008-2011). He is currently President of the Italian Society for International Organization (SIOI).

Today Frattini does not adhere to any political party.

Studies and lawyers' career[edit]

Frattini attended the "Giulio Cesare" Classical High School in Rome and graduated in law in 1979.[1]

From 1984 he was State Attorney and magistrate of the Regional Administrative Court (TAR) in Piedmont. In 1986 Frattini was named member of the Italian Council of State and legal adviser of the Treasury Ministry.

Early career[edit]

In 1990 and 1991 he worked as a legal adviser to the deputy chairman of the PSI, Claudio Martelli, in the Andreotti VI Cabinet.[1]

Junior minister in the Berlusconi I and Dini cabinets (1994-96)[edit]

Frattini was nominated Secretary-General of Presidency of the Council of Ministers during the Berlusconi I Cabinet in 1994-1995. He was Minister Civil Service and Regional Affairs in the next technocratic Dini Cabinet (1995-1996).

MP for Forza Italia (1996-2001)[edit]

In 1996 Frattini is a candidate to the elections within the Pole for Freedoms, the electoral coalition of Forza Italia. He was elected in the northern constituency of Bolzano - Laives.

From 1996 to 2001 he was chairman of the parliamentary committee for the supervision of intelligence (COPACO), elected by unanimous vote of the majority and the opposition.[citation needed]

From November 1997 to August 2000 he was also City Councillor in Rome.[1]

MP, Junior and Foreign Minister in the Berlusconi cabinets (2001-2004)[edit]

In 2001 Frattini was a candidate for the Chamber of Deputies in the constituency of Bolzano, supported by House of Freedom.

From 2001 he took part in the Berlusconi II Cabinet as Minister of the Public Administration.

From 14 November 2002 to 18 November 2004 Frattini served as Foreign Minister: the appointment of Frattini followed ten months of interim by Berlusconi himself, after the resignation of the forme FM Renato Ruggiero due to his contrasts with the foreign policies of the government.

European Commissioner for Justice, Freedom and Security (2004-2008)[edit]

On 4 November 2004, he was nominated to take up the Justice and security portfolio in the Commission, in place of the controversial Rocco Buttiglione, whose appointment as Italian representative in the Commission had been rejected by the European Parliament.

Declarations and positions[edit]

Frattini giving a speech at the European Youth Parliament in March 2007

In February 2006 during the Danish cartoons row Frattini defended the media's freedom of speech, though did express disagreement with subject of the cartoons.[2]

November saw the commissioner's concern for child welfare extended to video games, calling for tougher controls; anything relating to stricter self-regulation to an outright ban[3] In 2007 he called for a ban on the horror title Rule of Rose, and criticised the EU-endorsed PEGI system for granting the game a 16-years-or-over age rating. Reports on Gamespot showed he was seeking a Europe-wide ban on violent videogames. On 6 February 2007 – Safer Internet Day 2007 – Frattini recalled the need to protect children's rights, saying: "I am deeply concerned at this potential harm by the internet to children. This could involve people preying on them or children accessing racist, cruel or violent material."[4][5]

At the start of 2007, Frattini backed an Italian push for EU support of a worldwide ban on the death penalty.[citation needed]

In April 2007 he has called for more powers to be given to Eurojust, with the power to initiate prosecutions with a European Public Prosecutor.[6]

Following the 2007 Glasgow International Airport attack he criticised the handling of Islam by member-states and called for a "European Islam".[7]

Interviewed by Reuters he declared his intention to promote online communications monitoring and censorship of "dangerous words" like "bomb, kill, genocide or terrorism".[8]

Resignation and other positions held[edit]

In 2008 Frattini has resigned as Commissioner to take part in the Berlusconi IV as Foreign Minister. The role of European Commissioner for Italy was then assigned to Antonio Tajani, with responsibility for transports rather than for justice.[9]

During his term as European Commissioner, Frattini was also appointed by the Prime Minister Berlusconi to the coordination of assistance from the government for the conduct of the Winter Olympics in Turin 2006[1]

Foreign Minister (2008-2011)[edit]

The foreign ministers present at the G8 in 2011, Frattini is the first from the right

At the 2008 snap election Frattini was nominated for the People of Freedom party in the constituency of Friuli-Venezia Giulia and elected to the Chamber of Deputies.

From 2008 to 2011, during the Berlusconi IV Cabinet, Frattini was back as Foreign Minister of Berlusconi, as between 2002 and 2004.

(l.t.r.) Frattini, José Manuel Barroso and Wilfried Martens at a meeting of the European Ideas Network, 2009

In October 2009 he was awarded the Premio America of the Italy–USA Foundation.

In November 2010, Frattini dubbed the Wikileaksrevelations as the "September 11 of Diplomacy"[10] and stated that Julian Assange "wants to destroy the world".[11]

Current positions[edit]

Since 2011 Frattini is president of the Foundation Alcide De Gasperi. Since 2012 he is president of the Italian Society for International Organizations (SIOI), a non-profit organization of internationalist character, working under the supervision of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Frattini is the first politician to fill a position previously reserved for diplomats and academics of the highest level.

In 2012 Frattini received the honorary citizenship of the city of Tirana.[12]

Frattini did not run for the Italian general election, 2013,[13] and has taken back his position as member and Chamber President of the Italian Council of State.[14][15]

Frattini is a candidate for the post of NATO's secretary general, currently hold by Anders Fogh Rasmussen. He may replace him in 2014, after a 1-year extension of Rasmussen's mandate, to coincide with the end of NATO's Afghanistan mission.[16][17]

Honors[edit]

Frattini received Medaglia Teresiana at University of Pavia in 2008.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Ministero degli Affari Esteri - Ministro". Esteri.it. 2013-05-23. Retrieved 2013-06-15. 
  2. ^ Statement by Vice-President Franco Frattini on cartoons published by a Danish newspaper europa.eu
  3. ^ ‘Violent’ video games: ban or self-regulation? euractiv.com
  4. ^ Declaration on protecting children's rights by Vice President Frattini on Safer Internet Day 2007 , European Commission website, undated..Retrieved on 30 July 2007.
  5. ^ Gamespot, 18 January 2007, Euro game debate gathers steam
  6. ^ Brussels seeks more powers for EU crime body euobserver.com
  7. ^ Goldirova, Rentata 06/07/07: Brussels questions EU capitals over approach to Islam EU Observer
  8. ^ Melander, Ingrid (2007-09-10). "''Web search for bomb recipes should be blocked: EU'' – Reuters, 10 September 2007". Reuters.com. Retrieved 2013-06-15. 
  9. ^ Frattini resigns as Tajani steps in. Frattini leaves Brussels for Rome[dead link]
  10. ^ Corriere della Sera, 28 November 2010
  11. ^ AGI, 29 November 2010
  12. ^ "Mik i shqiptarëve, Franco Frattini shpallet "Qytetar Nderi" | NOA". Noa.al. Retrieved 2013-06-15. 
  13. ^ "Libero Quotidiano". Liberoquotidiano.it. 2013-01-13. Retrieved 2013-06-15. 
  14. ^ (Italian) Consiglio di Stato
  15. ^ By : dd. "EurActive". Euractiv.com. Retrieved 2013-06-15. 
  16. ^ europe online publishing house gmbh - europeonline-magazine.eu. "Europe Online". En.europeonline-magazine.eu. Retrieved 2013-06-15. 
  17. ^ "Il Messaggero". Ilmessaggero.it. Retrieved 2013-06-15. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Giuliano Urbani
Minister of Civil Service and Regional Affairs
1995–1996
Succeeded by
Franco Bassanini
Preceded by
Piero Barucci
Minister of Public Function
2001–2002
Succeeded by
Mario Baccini
Preceded by
Silvio Berlusconi
Acting
Minister of Foreign Affairs
2002–2004
Succeeded by
Gianfranco Fini
Preceded by
Mario Monti
Romano Prodi
Italian European Commissioner
2004–2008
Succeeded by
Antonio Tajani
Preceded by
António Vitorino
European Commissioner for Justice, Freedom and Security
2004–2008
Succeeded by
Jacques Barrot
Preceded by
Massimo D'Alema
Minister of Foreign Affairs
2008–2011
Succeeded by
Giulio Terzi Sant'Agata