Francois Pienaar

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Jacobus Francois Pienaar
Full name Jacobus Francois Pienaar
Date of birth (1967-01-02) 2 January 1967 (age 47)
Place of birth Vereeniging, South Africa
Height 1.91 m (6 ft 3 in)
Weight 108 kg (17 st 0 lb)
University Rand Afrikaans University
Rugby union career
Playing career
Position Flanker
Professional / senior clubs
Years Club / team Caps (points)
1997–2000 Saracens 44 (55)
correct as of 2007-12-26.
Provincial/State sides
Years Club / team Caps (points)
1989–1996 Transvaal 100 ()
correct as of 2007-12-26.
National team(s)
Years Club / team Caps (points)
1993–1996 South Africa South Africa 29 (15)
correct as of 2007-12-26.
Coaching career
Years Club / team
2000–2002 Saracens
Rugby union career

Jacobus Francois Pienaar (born 2 January 1967) is a retired South African rugby union player. He played flanker for South Africa (the Springboks) from 1993 until 1996, winning 29 international caps, all of them as captain. He is best known for leading South Africa to victory in the 1995 Rugby World Cup. After being dropped from the Springbok team in 1996, Pienaar went on to a career with English club Saracens.

Life and career[edit]

Pienaar[1] was born in Vereeniging, South Africa into a working-class Afrikaner family, the eldest of four boys. After completing high school in Witbank, he won an athletic scholarship to the Rand Afrikaans University, where he studied law.

He made his provincial debut for Transvaal Province in 1989 before being selected for the South Africa squad in 1993. He was appointed Springbok captain from his first test and remained captain until his last, and remains one of the most successful South African captains of all time.

In 1993 Transvaal won the Super 10, Currie Cup and Lion Cup under Pienaar. In 1994, Transvaal retained the Currie Cup under his captaincy and he was voted international player of the year by Rugby World magazine.

1995 World Cup[edit]

Pienaar is arguably most famous for being captain of the first South Africa team to win the World Cup. Prior to the World Cup in 1995, the Springboks were only seeded ninth and were not expected to dethrone the incumbent champions Australia, who had not lost a game in the preceding 12 months.

During the tournament, South Africa defeated Australia, Romania, Canada, Western Samoa and France. They then met New Zealand in the 1995 Rugby World Cup Final at Ellis Park Stadium. Pienaar played on in extra-time despite a calf strain and the Springboks secured a three-point victory with a drop goal from Joel Stransky.

During the remarkable post-match presentation ceremony Nelson Mandela, wearing a Springbok jersey bearing Pienaar's number, presented him with the Webb Ellis Cup. During his acceptance speech, Pienaar made it clear that the team had won the trophy not just for the 60,000 fans at Ellis Park, but also for all 43,000,000 South Africans.

Pienaar is portrayed by Matt Damon in the movie Invictus, released in December 2009, which focuses on the story of the 1995 World Cup.

Later career[edit]

Within a month of the World Cup's conclusion Pienaar had a stand-off with SARFU after he led South African players in threatening to join their Australia and New Zealand counterparts to play professionally for the World Rugby Corporation (WRC). Pienaar had convinced numerous Springbok players to sign with the WRC, but Louis Luyt eventually dissuaded them from breaking with the SARFU.[2] During this standoff he offered the black Springbok player Chester Williams less than other contemporary South African players. In purely marketing terms, Williams was second only to Jonah Lomu.[3]

Subsequently, Springbok players were given contracts and the International Rugby Board (IRB) voted in favour of professionalisation. Pienaar was instrumental in negotiating a deal with Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation that turned rugby into a fully-fledged professional game, which had some of the older generation rugby administrators branding him a traitor for selling out South African rugby to professionalism.[4]

In 1996, Pienaar was controversially dropped from the Springbok side, after 29 caps, by coach Andre Markgraaff, who accused him of feigning an injury during a match.

Pienaar subsequently left for England, where he became player-coach for Watford-based club Saracens. Under his leadership, they defeated the London Wasps to win the Pilkington Cup and also finished second in the Zurich Premiership. During the next two seasons, they secured third and fourth spots in the Zurich Premiership, thereby qualifying for the European Cup on consecutive campaigns.

Pienaar captained the Barbarians in his only appearance for the club against Leicester at Twickenham in 1999.

In 2000, Pienaar retired as a player and became Saracens’ CEO. As a consequence of the club's lack of success during the two following years, Pienaar stepped down as coach and CEO in 2002. In the same year, he returned to Cape Town, South Africa, where he lives with his wife Nerine Winter and two sons, one of whom had Nelson Mandela as a godfather.

Pienaar wrote his autobiography Rainbow Warrior with Edward Griffiths in 1999. In November 2000, he was awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Hertfordshire.

Pienaar was also involved in South Africa's failed bid to host the 2011 Rugby World Cup in 2005.

He was a pundit for ITV Sport during the Rugby World Cup 2007 and 2011 Rugby World Cup.

Depictions in media[edit]

Pienaar and Mandela are the subject of a 2008 book by John Carlin, Playing the Enemy: Nelson Mandela and the Game that Made a Nation, that spotlights the role of the 1995 Cup win in post-apartheid South Africa. Carlin sold the film rights to Morgan Freeman.[5] The 2009 film, Invictus,[6] is directed by Clint Eastwood, and stars Morgan Freeman as Nelson Mandela and Matt Damon as Pienaar.[5][7]

Awards and honours[edit]

  • In 1995 he was voted Rugby Personality of the Year by Britain's Rugby Union Writers' Club, as well as Newsmaker of the Year in South Africa.
  • In 2004 he was voted 50th in the Top 100 Great South Africans.[4]
  • In 2005 he was inducted into the International Rugby Hall of Fame.
  • On 24 October 2011, he was inducted into the IRB Hall of Fame.[8]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Pienaar, François,[9] and Edward Griffiths (1999). Rainbow Warrior. London: CollinsWillow. ISBN 978-0-00-218905-7
  • Carlin, John (2008). Playing the Enemy: Nelson Mandela and the Game that Made a Nation. New York: Penguin Press. ISBN 978-1-59420-174-5

References[edit]

  1. ^ The progenitor of the Pienaar name in South Africa was a French Huguenot named Jacques Pinard. The spelling was localized as a result of maintaining the French pronunciation. SOURCE: Lugan, Bernard (1996). – Ces Français qui ont fait l'Afrique du Sud. (Translation: The French People Who Made South Africa). – ISBN 978-2-84100-086-9.
  2. ^ http://www.sahistory.org.za/pages/people/bios/pienaar-f.htm
  3. ^ Gallagher, Brendan (28 October 2002). "Williams lifts lid on racism". The Daily Telegraph (London). 
  4. ^ a b http://www.sporting-heroes.net/rugby-heroes/displayhero.asp?HeroID=7182
  5. ^ a b Keller, Bill. – "Entering the Scrum". – The New York Times Book Review. – 17 August 2008.
  6. ^ The Human Factor. – IMDb.
  7. ^ "When Matt Dawson met Matt Damon and Francois Pienaar". BBC. 1 February 2010. 
  8. ^ "RWC legends inducted into IRB Hall of Fame" (Press release). International Rugby Board. 26 October 2011. Retrieved 26 October 2011. 
  9. ^ The cover of the English language book (Written by a British author and published in the UK) uses the French spelling, François, rather than the Afrikaans spelling, Francois.
Rugby Union Captain
Preceded by
Nick Farr-Jones
(Australia)
IRB World Cup
winning captain

1995
Succeeded by
John Eales
(Australia)
Preceded by
Jannie Breedt
Springbok Captain
1993–96
Succeeded by
Tiaan Strauss

External links[edit]