Franconian Circle

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The Franconian Circle as at the beginning of the 16th century
The Franconian Circle as at 1789, before the French Revolutionary Wars and the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire (captions in German).
The flag of Franconia as used by troops of the Franconian Circle when fighting with the Imperial Army.

[disambiguation needed]

The Franconian Circle (German: Fränkischer Reichskreis) was an Imperial Circle established in 1500 in the centre of the Holy Roman Empire. It comprised the eastern part of the former Franconian stem duchy — roughly corresponding with the present-day Bavarian Regierungsbezirke of Upper, Middle and Lower Franconia — while western Rhenish Franconia belonged to the Upper Rhenish Circle. The title of a "Duke of Franconia" was claimed by the Würzburg bishops.

Composition[edit]

The circle was made up of the following states:

Name Type of entity Comments
Wappen Landkreis Ansbach.png Ansbach Margraviate Established in 1398, held by the House of Hohenzollern, acquired by Prussia in 1791
Wappen Bistum bamberg.svg Bamberg Prince-Bishopric Diocese established in 1007 by King Henry II, Prince-Bishopric since about 1245
Wappen von Bayreuth.svg Bayreuth Margraviate Established in 1398 at Kulmbach, held by the House of Hohenzollern, personal union with Ansbach from 1769, acquired by Prussia in 1791
Wappen Nellingen auf den Fildern.svg Castell County Imperial counts since 1202
Wappen Bistum Eichstätt.gif Eichstätt Prince-Bishopric Established in 741 by Saint Boniface
Wappen Grafschaft Erbach.svg Erbach County Imperial counts from 1532
Den tyske ordens skjold.svg Franconia (de) Teutonic bailiwick Based around Bad Mergentheim
Wappen von Hausen.png Hausen Lordship Held by Bamberg since 1007, condominium with Bayreuth and Nuremberg from 1538
Wappen-Ufeld.gif Henneberg Princely County Principality since 1310, line extinct in 1583, acquired by Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Gotha in 1660
Wappen Grafschaft Hohenlohe.png Hohenlohe County Immediate counts since 1450, raised to principality in 1744
Schenken von Limburg-Scheibler224ps.jpg Limpurg Lordship Territory around Limpurg Castle near Schwäbisch Hall, held by the Schenken von Limpurg, hereditary cup-bearers of the Empire for the Bohemian kings
Löwenstein-Wertheim-count.PNG Löwenstein County Imperial immediacy since 1494, Löwenstein-Wertheim from 1574, raised to principality in 1711
Wappen von Nürnberg.svg Nuremberg Imperial City Reichsfreiheit granted by Frederick II of Hohenstaufen in 1219
Wappen Aub.png Reichelsberg Lordship Territory around Reichelsberg Castle near Aub, originally a fiefdom granted by Bamberg to Hohenlohe, since 1401 a fief of Würzburg
RieneckGrafen.jpg Rieneck County Territory around Rieneck Castle, established in 1168, claimed as a fief by Mainz from 1366, line extinct in 1559, acquired by the Imperial counts of Nostitz in 1673
Wappen von Rothenburg ob der Tauber.png Rothenburg ob der Tauber Imperial City Reichsfreiheit granted by Rudolph of Habsburg 1274
Wappen der Fürsten von Schwarzenberg 1792.jpg Schwarzenberg Lordship Established in 1429 by the Lords of Seinsheim, territory around Schwarzenberg Castle near Scheinfeld, Imperial county from 1599, principality from 1670
WappenSchweinfurt.jpg Schweinfurt Imperial City Since 1254
Wappen Seinsheim.png Seinsheim Lordship Held by the Counts of Schwarzenberg from 1655
Wappen von Weissenburg.png Weißenburg Imperial City Since 1296
Wappen Welzheim.png Welzheim Lordship Fiefdom of Württemberg, from 1379 to 1713 in possession of the Schenken von Limburg
Wappen Wertheim.png Wertheim County Established in 1132, acquired by Löwenstein in 1574
Wiesentheid.jpg Wiesentheid Lordship Imperial county from 1678, acquired by the Counts of Schönborn in 1701
Wappen Bad Windsheim.png Windsheim Imperial City Since 1248
Wappen Bistum Würzburg.svg Würzburg Prince-Bishopric Established in 741 by Saint Boniface, prince-bishopric since 1168, titular "Duke in Franconia"

Notes[edit]

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