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The adjective francophone means "French-speaking", typically as primary language, whether referring to individuals, groups, or places. The word is also often used as a noun to describe a natively French-speaking person.[1][2]

Linguistic nuance[edit]

In a narrower sense, the notion of "francophone" reaches beyond the dictionary definition of "French language speaker". The term specifically refers to people whose cultural background is primarily associated with French language, regardless of ethnic and geographical differences. The francophone culture beyond Europe is the legacy of the French and Belgian colonial empires. This is sometimes referred to as the francosphere.[citation needed]

Francophone nations[edit]

Map of the francosphere[edit]

  French is the main language
  French is an official language
  French is a second language (cultural language or administrative language)
  French is a minority language

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Francophone", Merriam-Webster 
  2. ^ "Francophone", Encarta, MSN, archived from the original on 2009-10-31