|Birth name||Francis Charles Chacksfield|
9 May 1914|
Battle, East Sussex, England
|Died||9 June 1995
|Genres||Easy listening, pop|
|Occupations||Bandleader, conductor, composer|
Frank Chacksfield (9 May 1914 – 9 June 1995) was an English pianist, organist, composer and conductor of popular light orchestral easy listening music, who had great success in Britain and internationally in the 1950s and early 1960s.
Life and career
Francis Charles Chacksfield was born in Battle, East Sussex, and as a child learned to play piano and organ. He appeared at Hastings Music Festivals by the time he was 14, and then became deputy church organist at Salehurst. After working for a short period in a solicitor's office he decided on a career in music, and by the late 1930s, led a small band at Tonbridge in Kent. At the beginning of World War II, he joined the Royal Corps of Signals, and, following a radio broadcast as a pianist, was posted to ENSA at Salisbury where he became the arranger for Stars in Battledress, an armed forces entertainment troupe, and shared an office with comedian Charlie Chester.
After the war, he worked with Chester and on BBC Radio as an arranger and conductor. He also worked as musical director for both Henry Hall and Geraldo, and began recording under his own name in 1951 as "Frank Chacksfield's Tunesmiths". In early 1953, he had his first top ten hit, "Little Red Monkey", on the Parlophone label. This was a novelty recording featuring Jack Jordan on the clavioline, and reportedly the first record featuring an electronic instrument to feature on the UK pop chart. He signed a recording contract with Decca Records in 1953, and formed a 40-piece orchestra with a large string section, the "Singing Strings". His first record release for Decca, Charlie Chaplin's theme for his film Limelight, won him a gold disc in the United States, and in the United Kingdom, where it reached No. 2 in the UK Singles Chart, and won him the NME award as 'Record of the Year'. It spent eight weeks at No. 2 (an all-time UK chart record), and in all thirteen weeks in the top five chart positions, without dislodging Frankie Laine's, "I Believe". His next 78 single, "Ebb Tide", became the first British instrumental recording to reach No. 1 in some American charts,[which?] providing a second gold disc, and he was voted the most promising new orchestra of the year in the US.
He became one of Britain's best known orchestra leaders internationally, and is estimated to have sold more than 20 million albums worldwide. His material was "mood music", similar to that of Mantovani, including ballads, waltzes, and film themes. In 1954, he began presenting a series on BBC TV, which continued occasionally until the early 1960s. Chacksfield was responsible for the musical arrangement of the first UK entry into the Eurovision Song Contest 1957; "All" by Patricia Bredin. He continued to write music, release singles and albums through the 1950s and 1960s, and appeared regularly on BBC radio.
He continued to record occasionally until the 1990s, from the 1970s primarily on the Phase 4 label. He also developed business interests in publishing and recorded for Starborne Productions, a company supplying "canned music" for use by easy listening radio stations and others. Many of these recordings were made commercially available in 2007. His last album was Thanks for the Memories (Academy Award Winners 1934–55), released in 1991. Chacksfield died in Kent in 1995, after having suffered for several years from Parkinson's disease.
From the album All Time Top T.V. Themes (Decca PFS 4087,1966; also as The Great TV Themes on London SP 44077), several tracks were used by Dutch offshore pirate radio station Radio Veronica in the 1960s. "Rawhide" and "Dragnet" were used in the news jingles; "The Alfred Hitchcock Theme" was also used.
- Ebb Tide, London LL 1408
- Velvet, London LL 1443
- Evening in Paris, Decca LK 4081
- Evening in Rome, Decca LK 4095
- If I Had a Talking Picture of You, Decca LK 4135
- South Sea Island Magic, Decca LK 4174
- Opera's Golden Moments, London Phase 4 21092
- The New Ebb Tide, London Phase 4 44053
- Globe-Trotting, London Phase 4 SP 44059
- The New Limelight, London Phase 4 SP 44066
- Hawaii, London Phase 4 SP 44087
- Foreign Film Festival, London Phase 4 SP 44112
- New York, London Phase 4 SP 44141
- Beatles Songbook, London Phase 4 44142
- Simon & Garfunkel & Jimmy Webb, London Phase 4 44151
- Plays Bacharach, London Phase 4 44158
- Plays Ebb Tide And Other Million Sellers, London Phase 4 44168
- Chacksfield Plays Rodgers & Hart, London Phase 4 SP 44223
- The Glory That Was Gershwin, London Phase 4 44254
- TV's Golden Hits, Compleat Records 671020-1
- "Little Red Monkey", Parlophone R3658, 1953, UK # 10
- "Terry's Theme from 'Limelight'", Decca F10106, 1953, UK # 2
- "Ebb Tide", Decca F10122, 1954, UK # 9, US # 2 (# 1 in some charts)[which?]
- "In Old Lisbon", Decca F19689, 1956, UK # 15
- "Port Au Prince" (with Winifred Atwell), Decca F10727, 1956, UK # 18
- "Donkey Cart", Decca F10743, 1956, UK # 26
- "On The Beach", (US) London 1901, 1960, US # 47
Recently, Vocalion has been releasing some of the Phase4Stereo (Decca) albums in CD.
- "Biography by Stephen Thomas Erlewine". Allmusic.com. Retrieved 20 January 2010.
- The Robert Farnon Society: biographical article by David Ades
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 512. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
- Frank Chacksfield at SpaceAcePop
- The Cuban Boys website
- Saint's Row Platinum Hits
- Betts, Graham (2004). Complete UK Hit Singles 1952–2004 (1st ed.). London: Collins. p. 138. ISBN 0-00-717931-6.
- The Frank Chacksfield Band in the 1930s
- The Decca Years 1953–75
- Frank Chacksfield Complete Discography