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Francis Patrick Clune, OBE, (27 November 1893 – 11 March 1971) was a best-selling Australian author, travel writer and popular historian.
Early life and career
Frank Clune was born in Liverpool Street, Darlinghurst, Sydney in 1893, and grew up in Redfern. He left home at 15 and for five years lived the life of an adventurer, claiming to have had twenty-five different jobs by the age of 17, and enlisting with the US Army in Kansas 26 October 1911, deserting and going to sea.
He married Maud Roy in 1916; they divorced in 1920. He married again in 1923 to artist and sculptor Thelma Cecily Smith (1900–1992), established himself as a tax consultant and by 1930 had settled in Vaucluse His first book was published in 1933 : Try Anything Once, an account of his adventures. Some of his subsequent books were written in collaboration with P R 'Inky' Stephensen, notably The Viking of Van Diemen's Land and The Pirates of the Brig 'Cyprus'.
He was fascinated by the 'outsiders' of Australian history such as Captain Melville, Captain Starlight, Martin Cash, Edward Hargraves, Bully Hayes, Jørgen Jørgensen, Chinese Morrison, Ben Hall, Ned Kelly, Frederick Bailey Deeming and Louis de Rougemont
Frank Clune was an effective promoter of Albert Namatjira and Australian aborigines generally.
Clune had his detractors in literary world. He was criticised for embellishing the facts in the interests of the narrative, and was met with hostility by General Sir Thomas Blamey for his "irregular methods and indiscreet utterances" during WWII. Regardless of criticism, by the early 1950s, his books had sold in excess of 500,000 copies, much to the delight of his publisher Angus & Robertson.
Association with the art world
In the 1940s, Frank and Thelma Clune opened an art gallery in Kings Cross which was subsequently to house works by many of Australia's best known painters, including Sir Russell Drysdale, John Passmore and John Olsen.
In the 1950s and 1960s, together with his wife Thelma and youngest son Terry, he opened the Terry Clune Art Galleries on the corner of Challis Avenue and Macleay Street, and at 58 Macleay Street in Kings Cross. The gallery became the home for Sydney's young expressionists, such as John Olsen, Stan Rapotec, Robert Klippel and Robert Hughes. The gallery later became the home of noted artist, Martin Sharp and was then known as Yellow House. Frank and Thelma Clune were great friends and supporters of artist William Dobell for many years.
Frank Clune died on 11 March 1971 at St Vincent's Hospital, Sydney at Darlinghurst, age 77. He was buried at South Head Cemetery. He was survived by his wife Thelma and his two sons: Anthony Patrick Clune (1930–2002) and Terry Michael Clune (born 1932).
Recognition and awards
Clune's 1959 book Jimmy Governor was the inspiration for Thomas Keneally's 1972 novel The Chant of Jimmie Blacksmith.
His published books include:
- Try Anything Once 1933 (Autobiography)
- Rolling Down the Lachlan 1935
- Roaming Round the Darling 1936
- Dig (about Burke and Wills) 1937
- Free and Easy Land 1938
- Sky High to Shanghai 1939
- To the Isles of Spice 1940
- Chinese Morrison 1940
- All Aboard for Singapore 1941
- D'Air Devil 1941
- Last of the Australian Explorers: the story of Donald Mackay 1942
- Prowling through Papua 1942
- Tobruk to Turkey 1943
- The Red Heart 1944
- Captain Starlight 1945
- Pacific Parade 1945
- The Forlorn Hope 1945
- The Greatest Liar on Earth 1945
- Captain Melville 1945
- Pacific Parade 1945
- Dark Outlaw (about Frank Gardiner) 1945
- Try Nothing Twice 1946 (second Autobiography)
- Golden Goliath 1946
- Song of India 1946
- Roaming around Australia 1947
- Ben Hall the Bushranger 1947
- A Noose for Ned 1948
- High Ho to London 1948
- Wild Colonial Boys 1948
- The Demon Killer 1948
- Sky High to Shanghai 1948
- Land of My Birth (short stories) 1949
- Land of Hope and Glory 1949
- Ashes of Hiroshima 1950
- All Roads Lead to Rome 1950
- Hands across the Pacific 1951
- Somewhere in New Guinea 1951
- Gunman Gardiner 1951 (new edition of Dark Outlaw)
- Castles in Spain 1952
- Flying Dutchmen 1953
- Land of Australia 1953
- Roaming round Europe 1954
- The Viking of Van Diemen's Land (about Jørgen Jørgensen) 1954
- Roaming round Europe 1954
- The Kelly Hunters 1954
- Bound for Botany Bay 1954
- Korean Diary 1955
- Martin Cash 1955
- Overland Telegraph 1955
- Roaming round New Zealand 1956
- Captain Melville 1956
- Scandals of Sydney Town 1957
- The Fortune Hunters 1957
- Flight to Formosa 1958
- A Tale of Tahiti 1958
- Murders on Maunga-tapu 1959
- The Blue Mountains Murderer 1959
- Jimmy Governor 1959
- Journey to Canberra 1960
- Saga of Sydney . Halstead Press, 1961
- Across the Snowy Mountains 1962
- The Pirates of the Brig 'Cyprus' 1962
- Bound for Botany Bay 1964
- Journey to Kosciusko 1964
- Search for the Golden Fleece 1965
- Journey to Pitcairn 1966
- The Norfolk Island Story 1967. Angus & Robertson Books. (ISBN 0 207 14537 7).
- King of the Road 1967
- Serenade to Sydney 1967
- Scallywags of Sydney Cove 1968
- The Scottish Martyrs 1969
- Captain Bully Hayes 1970
- Rascals, Ruffians and Rebels of Early Australia (collection) 1987
- The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature W H Wilde (2nd edition 1994) ISBN 0-19-553381-X
- Croft, Julian (1993). "Clune, Francis Patrick (Frank) (1893–1971)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 11 March 2010.
- Elizabeth Butel & Tom Thompson . Kings Cross Album. Published by Atrand. Australia, 1984. (ISBN 978-0-908272-02-0).
- Elizabeth Butel & Tom Thompson. Kings Cross Album Atrand Pyy Ltd, Australia, 1984. ISBN 978-0-908272-02-0
- Sydney Morning Herald: 13 March 1971 – Frank Clune . Death Notice
- It's an Honour