Frank Comstock

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For the mayor of South Norwalk, Connecticut, see Frank Comstock (politician).
Frank Comstock
Composer Frank Comstock in 2004.jpg
Frank Comstock (2004)
Background information
Born (1922-09-20)September 20, 1922
San Diego California
Died May 21, 2013(2013-05-21) (aged 90)
Huntington Beach, California
Occupation(s) Composer, arranger and conductor
Instruments Trombone
Years active 1939–2009

Frank G. Comstock (September 20, 1922 – May 21, 2013) was an American composer, arranger, conductor and trombonist. For television, Comstock wrote and arranged music for major situation comedies and variety shows;[1] his theme and incidental music for Rocky and His Friends (1959–1964) are probably his best-remembered works. Additionally, his music for Adam-12 earned him a 1971 Emmy nomination.[2]

Comstock's recording credits include eight Hi-Lo's albums and backing arrangements for major recording stars.[3] His 1962 instrumental album, Project: Comstock - Music from Outer Space[4] became a classic and was released on CD in 2004. Recently, Comstock wrote new big-band arrangements for Brian Setzer's Wolfgang's Big Night Out (2007) and Songs from Lonely Avenue (2009) CDs.[5]

He started his arranging career in the dance bands of Sonny Dunham[6] and Benny Carter,[7] and with Les Brown from 1943 to 1955.[8] When dance bands fell out of favor after World War II, Comstock and Doris Day left the Les Brown band. Comstock's backing arrangements for Doris Day's Warner Brothers screen tests impressed studio executives and resulted in a staff arranger position at Warner where he demonstrated his ability to write for large studio orchestras.[8]

He died in 2013.[9][10]

Training and early years[edit]

Comstock had no formal training other than a few trombone lessons, and his junior high school music teacher helped him write his first arrangements for the school dance band. While still in high school, Comstock sold arrangements to local San Diego dance bands.[11] After graduation, Comstock's high school friend, the late trumpeter Uan Rasey, landed a job touring with Sonny Dunham's nationally known dance band. Dunham hired Comstock on Uan's recommendation.[8] When Sonny Dunham's band folded, Dunham's manager recommended Comstock to Benny Carter. Carter, a musician and arranger himself, soon delegated arrangement-related chores to Comstock.[12]

The Les Brown years[edit]

In 1943, Comstock's reputation led to an arranger position with Les Brown and His Band of Renown, which critics claimed was one of the key causes of the band's success.[13][14] Comstock formally left the Brown band in 1947, but he continued to arrange for Les Brown until Brown's death in 2001.

Doris Day and Frank Comstock began a lifelong friendship while working together in Les Brown's band. Day spoke about Comstock in John Tumpak's book When Swing Was the Thing: Personality Profiles of the Big Band Era:

"From day one in Les Brown's band, Frank became my friend. Years and years have passed but Frank and I talk on the phone and laugh a lot. More often than not, we talk about the Les Brown days."[15]

Day left Brown's band in 1946 to pursue a radio and recording career. A few months after settling in Hollywood, Day told Comstock of the rich opportunities in radio, movies, and television. Comstock soon left the Les Brown band to provide arrangements for Doris' first radio gigs: Your Hit Parade and The Rudy Vallee Show. Comstock’s arrangements for Doris Day's Warner Brothers screen tests led to a staff arranger/orchestrator position at Warners.[8]

The Warner Brothers years[edit]

After joining the Warner Brothers staff in 1947 as a freelance arranger/orchestrator/conductor, Comstock quickly adapted his dance band experience to large orchestras. At first, he arranged individual dance numbers for musicals, but he soon began orchestrating and conducting music for major movies. At the peak of his movie career, Comstock had a major role in orchestrating the music for Calamity Jane, The Music Man, Finian's Rainbow, and other major Warner Brothers hits.

Unlike today's independently produced movies where on-screen credits are given to any and all participants, the sparse credits of "big-studio" films of the post-war period were usually limited to famous actors, music composers and studio executives. Even so, Comstock's work for Warner Brothers was notable enough to garner credits for many of his movies.

Gus Levine and Frank Comstock shared the orchestration work for The Music Man, Finian's Rainbow, and other major films. Early in the production of Finian's Rainbow, Levine took ill, leaving Comstock to orchestrate all but a few minor scenes. Even though Finian's Rainbow was nominated for a best-music Oscar, Comstock received no credit for his work.

The table below lists the movies that Comstock helped to arrange, orchestrate and/or conduct:[16]

Movie Title Major Actors Credits?
Starlift Doris Day No
I'll See You In My Dreams Doris Day and Danny Thomas No
On Moonlight Bay Doris Day and Gordon MacRae No
By the Light Of the Silvery Moon Doris Day and Gordon MacRae No
Room for One More Cary Grant No
She's Working Her Way Through College Virginia Mayo No
Where's Charlie? Ray Bolger No
The Will Rogers Story Will Rogers Jr. No
She's Back On Broadway Virginia Mayo No
The Desert Song Gordon MacRae and Kathryn Grayson No
Man With the Gun Robert Mitchum No
The Jazz Singer Danny Thomas No
The Eddie Cantor Story Keefe Brasselle Yes
So This Is Love Kathryn Grayson and Merv Griffin No
The Helen Morgan Story Ann Blyth Yes
Calamity Jane Doris Day and Howard Keel Yes
April In Paris Doris Day and Ray Bolger Yes
3 Sailors and A Girl Jane Powell and Merv Griffin Yes
About Face Gordon MacRae and Eddie Bracken No
This Woman Is Dangerous Joan Crawford No
Lucky Me Doris Day and Phil Silvers Yes
Young At Heart Doris Day and Frank Sinatra No
The High and the Mighty John Wayne No
The Music Man Robert Preston and Shirley Jones Yes
Oh Dad, Poor Dad Rosalind Russell No
The Last of the Secret Agents Marty Allen and Steve Rossi Yes
The Swinger Ann-Margret No
The Family Jewels Jerry Lewis No
Some Like It Hot Marilyn Monroe, Jack Lemmon and Tony Curtis No
The Fortune Cookie Jack Lemmon and Walter Matthau No
Thoroughly Modern Millie Julie Andrews No
Valley of the Dolls Patty Duke and Susan Hayward No
Finian's Rainbow Fred Astaire and Petula Clark No
Hello, Dolly! (20th Century Fox) Barbra Streisand and Walter Matthau Yes
The Last Time I Saw Archie (Mark VII Productions) Robert Mitchum and Jack Webb Yes

Disney Theme Parks and animated features[edit]

Working as a freelance arranger for Disney Theme Park Music Director James Christensen,[17] Comstock arranged some of the music heard to this day at Disney Theme Parks.

Comstock's work as arranger and orchestrator for Disney is listed below:[16]

  • The Disneyland Main Street Electrical Parade
  • Tokyo Disneyland opening music
  • Walt Disney World Family Concerts
  • Disney Street Band - Medleys of Disney film music (all Disney parks)
  • Christmas parades (all Disney parks)
  • Walt Disney World Candlelight Services

Comstock's work for Disney also included several television specials and a new score for the Toot, Whistle, Plunk & Boom animated short.

For MPA Productions, Comstock scored four "Mr. Magoo" animated theatrical shorts, including Magoo Express.[18]

Television[edit]

The main theme and incidental music for Rocky and His Friends are Comstock's best-remembered compositions,[19] but he also wrote compositions for many of the situation comedy and drama hits of the 1970s and 1980s. Comstock received a 1971 Emmy nomination for his Adam-12 TV score Elegy for a Pig.[2]

Comstock's credits for television series as composer/conductor are listed below:[16]

  • Rocky and His Friends
  • Adam-12 (all 112 episodes)
  • Dragnet (1967, 4 seasons)
  • Happy Days (4 seasons)
  • Laverne and Shirley (4 seasons)
  • Ensign O'Toole
  • McHale's Navy
  • F-Troop
  • Pete Kelly's Blues
  • The D.A.'s Man
  • Temple Houston
  • The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour

Comstock's arranging credits for television variety shows are listed below:[16]

  • The Bob Hope Show with Les Brown and His Band of Renown (15 years)
  • The Steve Allen Show (2 years)
  • The Judy Garland Show
  • The Andy Williams Show
  • The Carol Burnett Show
  • The Jimmie Rodgers Show (Music Director)[20]
  • The Donald O'Connor and Mitzi Gaynor Special

Recordings[edit]

Almost all of Comstock's recordings were originally released on vinyl LPs and singles. Most of them have been reissued on CD and can also be heard on music streaming services.

Dance band recordings[edit]

Owing to the Musicians Union recording ban of the period, only a handful of Comstock's Benny Carter and Stan Kenton arrangements were commercially recorded.[21]

Les Brown and His Band of Renown recorded a large number of Comstock's arrangements throughout Les Brown's 50-year career. Comstock's arrangements comprise 17 of the 25 tracks on the Les Brown retrospective CD Best of the Capitol Years.[22]

  • "On The Alamo"
  • "Perfidia"
  • "Moonlight In Vermont"
  • "Midnight Sun"
  • "Lover"
  • "Harlem Nocturne"
  • "Tangerine"
  • "Ridin' High"
  • "Nina Never Knew"
  • "Swingin' Down the Lane"
  • "This Nearly Was Mine"
  • "Invitation"
  • "The Sweetheart of Sigma Chi"
  • "Frenesi"
  • "Just You, Just Me"
  • "Leap Frog"
  • "Goodnight Sweetheart"

Orchestral recordings[edit]

Comstock's 1962 instrumental LP, Project Comstock: Music from Outer Space, has evolved into an exotica classic and was re-released on CD in 2004.[4] Project Comstock features arrangements of standards and original Comstock compositions augmented with seldom-heard pre-synthesizer electronic instruments.[23] Comstock's two Columbia instrumental albums - A Young Man's Fancy (Columbia 1021, 1954) and Patterns (Columbia 8003, 1955) - have also been reissued on CD.

Most of the music on the Finian's Rainbow soundtrack CD was arranged by Comstock as was the March of the Cards track on the Cincinnati Pops CD A Disney Spectacular. His original composition The Jade Express and his arrangement of Joanna are featured on Lionel Newman's Exciting Hong Kong LP (available on streaming and music download websites).

With the Hi-Lo's[edit]

Comstock arranged and conducted the first eight Hi-Lo's albums. The first four albums were released by Starlite Records, and have been compiled on a 2-CD re-release.

  • Listen to the Hi-Lo's
  • The Hi-Lo's On Hand
  • The Hi-Lo's I Presume
  • The Hi-Lo's Under Glass

The remainder of Comstock's Hi-Lo's albums were released by Columbia Records.

Backing arrangements for vocalists[edit]

Comstock arranged and conducted Frankie Laine's Torchin and You Are My Love LPs (re-released on CD),[24] many of Doris Day's backing arrangements on various releases, Rhonda Fleming's Rhonda LP (re-released on CD as Rhonda Fleming Sings Just for You), and Alan Copeland's No Sad Songs for Me LP. Comstock's arrangements also backed recordings and stage performances by Andy Williams, Rosemary Clooney, June Hutton, Herb Jeffries, Margaret Whiting, Connie Haines, Jo Ann Greer, Bob Hope, Steve Lawrence, The Norman Luboff Choir, The Ames Brothers, and other performers.[citation needed]

For their solo instrumental albums, the Comstock orchestra backed celeste-player Herm Saunders on his That Celestial Feeling LP and provided arrangements for Ted and Dick Nash for their Star Eyes - The Artistry of Ted Nash and The Brothers Nash LPs.

Three examples of Comstock's orchestral arrangements from movie soundtrack albums are Barbra Streisand's (Just Leave Everything to Me from Hello Dolly!), Doris Day's (A Woman's Touch from Calamity Jane), and Marilyn Monroe's (Running Wild from Some Like It Hot).

The Brian Setzer Orchestra[edit]

In 2007, Brian Setzer "rediscovered" Frank Comstock and commissioned new arrangements for his Wolfgang's Big Night Out and Songs from Lonely Avenue CDs.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Internet Movie Database - Frank Comstock
  2. ^ a b 1971 Emmy Nominations
  3. ^ Partial Discography at allmusic.com
  4. ^ a b Project Comstock review
  5. ^ a b Brian Setzer CD review
  6. ^ Sonny Dunham biography
  7. ^ Benny Carter Masterpieces CD Liner Notes
  8. ^ a b c d Forrest Patten, Journal Into Melody, June 2002 pp. 17-18
  9. ^ "Frank G. Comstock Obituary - Huntington Beach, California". Tributes.com. Retrieved 2013-06-11. 
  10. ^ "Frank Comstock, Composer of "The Rocky & Bullwinkle Show" Theme, Passes Away at 90". Universal Music Publishing Group. Retrieved 2013-06-11. 
  11. ^ Interview by Gerhard Guter for California State University Long Beach Master’s Degree Thesis Integration of Vocal and Instrumental Ensembles in the Jazz Idiom by Gerhard K. Guter (2004)[1]
  12. ^ Morroe Berger, Benny Carter: A Life in American Music, Vol. 1 pages 174 and 228; Vol. 2 pages 164-166.
  13. ^ Gunther Schuller, "The Swing Era", page 758.
  14. ^ Gene Lees, Arranging the Score pages 162 and 173.
  15. ^ John R. Tumpak, When Swing Was the Thing, pages 227-231
  16. ^ a b c d Frank Comstock, Privately printed resumé.
  17. ^ James Christensen bio
  18. ^ Magoo Express credits
  19. ^ "Classic Themes". The Media Management Group. Retrieved February 26, 2013. 
  20. ^ The Jimmie Rodgers Show
  21. ^ William F. Lee, Artistry In Rhythm, pages 65 and 326.
  22. ^ Les Brown - Best of the Capitol Years. Capitol CD 72435-34757 booklet.
  23. ^ Comstock Bio and "Project Comstock" review
  24. ^ Columbia 12-inch Album Discography

External links[edit]