Frank Baldwin

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Major General Frank Dwight Baldwin
Frank Baldwin Brady-Handy oval.png
Frank D. Baldwin
Born (1842-06-26)June 26, 1842
Manchester, Michigan
Died April 22, 1923(1923-04-22) (aged 80)
Denver, Colorado
Place of burial Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance United States United States of America
Union
Service/branch  United States Army
Union Army
Years of service 1861, 1862 - 1865, 1866 - 1906
Rank Union army maj gen rank insignia.jpg Major General
Unit 5th U.S. Infantry
Battles/wars Indian Wars
American Civil War
Spanish-American War
Awards

Medal of Honor (2)

Civil War Campaign Medal Indian Campaign Medal Spanish Campaign Medal

Hillsdale County, Michigan Veteran's Hall of Fame

Frank Dwight Baldwin (June 26, 1842 – April 22, 1923), a native of Constantine, Michigan, and born in Manchester, Michigan, is one of only 19 servicemen to receive the Medal of Honor twice. Baldwin received this award for his actions during the Atlanta Campaign where he led his company to battle at Peachtree Creek and captured two commissioned officers in the American Civil War. He received his second Medal of Honor for conspicuous bravery in 1874 during the Indian Wars.

Life and career[edit]

Baldwin served through the Civil War in the 19th Michigan Infantry, fighting in all his regiment's battles from 1862 to 1865. Upon the postbellum reorganization of the Regular Army, he was commissioned into the 19th United States Regular Infantry as a Second Lieutenant. He eventually was assigned to the 5th U.S. Infantry, with whom he fought in the various frontier conflicts with the Indians. His actions in an attack on an Indian village on the Red River in Montana on December 18, 1876, earned him a brevet of Captain, U.S. Regular Army (awarded on February 27, 1890).

He served with distinction under General Nelson A. Miles as chief of scouts during campaigns against Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse. Baldwin also served in the Philippines during the Spanish-American War. He was promoted to Brigadier General, U.S. Regular Army on June 9, 1902. In 1906, he was advanced to Major General, after which he retired from active duty.

Baldwin ended his career as adjutant general of the state of Colorado. He died in Denver, Colorado, and was buried with full military honors in Section 3 of Arlington National Cemetery.

Affiliations[edit]

General Baldwin belonged to numerous fraternal, military and social organizations which included the following -

Legacy[edit]

His wife, Alice Blackwood Baldwin, honored the general's war contributions by compiling and editing the memoirs of her late husband in 1929. Along with General Baldwin, three other two time Medal of Honor recipients are interred in Arlington National Cemetery (Navy Lieutenant Commander John C. McCloy, Marine Major Louis Cukela, and Marine Corporal John Henry Pruitt).

Baldwin holds the distinction for being the first recipient of the Medal of Honor in different conflicts, first for actions in the Civil War on July 12, 1864 and the second for the Indian Wars, on November 8, 1874.

Awards[edit]

Baldwin (right) with Buffalo Bill in 1891

First Medal of Honor[edit]

Rank and organization: Captain, Company D, 19th Michigan Infantry. Place and date: At Peachtree Creek, Georgia, July 12, 1864. Citation: "Led his company in a countercharge at Peach Tree Creek, Ga., 12 July 1864, under a galling fire ahead of his own men, and singly entered the enemy's line, capturing and bringing back 2 commissioned officers, fully armed, besides a guidon of a Georgia regiment." Date of issue: December 3, 1891.

Second Medal of Honor[edit]

Frank Baldwin's charge on Grey Beard's Band, McClellan's Creek, TX, Nov. 8, 1874

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 5th U.S. Infantry. Place and date: At McClellan's Creek, Texas, November 8, 1874. Citation: "Rescued, with 2 companies, 2 white girls by a voluntary attack upon Indians whose superior numbers and strong position would have warranted delay for reinforcements, but which delay would have permitted the Indians to escape and kill their captives." Date of issue: December 3, 1891.

Veteran's Hall of Fame[edit]

Inducted into the Hillsdale County, Michigan Veteran's Hall of Fame in 2004 for his distinguished service in the American Civil War. Hall of Fame inductee 016, Civil War inductee 004.

See also[edit]

References[edit]