Frank E. Petersen
|Frank E. Petersen Jr.|
March 3, 1932 |
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Navy
United States Marine Corps
|Years of service||1950-1952 (USN), 1952-1988 (USMC)|
|Awards||Distinguished Service Medal
Defense Superior Service Medal
Legion of Merit with Combat "V"
Distinguished Flying Cross
|Other work||DuPont DeNemours Inc., VP of Corporate Aviation
National Marrow Donor Program, Chairman
Frank E. Petersen Jr. (USMC) (born March 2, 1932 in Topeka, Kansas) is a retired United States Marine Corps Lieutenant General. He was the first African-American Marine Corps aviator and the first African-American Marine Corps general.
Petersen retired from the Marine Corps in 1988 after 38 years of service. "At the time of his retirement he was by date of aviator designation the senior ranking aviator in the U.S. Marine Corps and the United States Navy with respective titles of "Silver Hawk" and "Gray Eagle". His date of designation as an aviator also precedes all other aviators in the U.S. Air Force and Army."
Upon his retirement he was hired for the newly-created position of "DuPont Aviation Director", and was subsequently caught up in the conspiracy and scandal surrounding the 1991 crash of a Conoco Gulfstream in Malaysia which killed a dozen executives and air crew. Petersen had gone on record as stating that a warning from other pilots months before the incident that the company's governance was dangerously slack by referring to the pilot who reported this as "...an absolute fucking kook..." There was a coverup and conspiracy after the crash to obscure the fact that a gross pilot error was committed by a sick, alcoholic pilot whom senior executives continued to tolerate. Along with other Conoco executives, Petersen was accused of taking part in a conspiracy to destroy evidence, during a company investigation at the crash site in Malaysia and afterwards. Legal proceedings against the company went on for years.
Frank E. Petersen was born on March 2, 1932 in Topeka, Kansas.
Petersen enlisted in the United States Navy in 1950 as a Seaman Apprentice. He served as an Electronics Technician. In 1951, he entered the Naval Aviation Cadet Program. In 1952, after completing flight training he was selected as a Second Lieutenant in the (USMC).
Petersen served two combat tours in two wars — Korea (1953) and Vietnam (1968). His first tactical assignment was with Marine Fighter Squadron 212 during the Korean War. He flew over 350 combat missions with over 4,000 hours in various fighter/attack aircraft.
He held command positions at all levels of Marine Corps aviation — commanding a Marine Fighter Squadron, a Marine Aircraft Group, and a Marine Aircraft Wing. He was also the first African-American to command a fighter squadron, a fighter air group, an air wing, and a major base.
On February 23, 1979, he was promoted to brigadier general becoming the first African American general of the Marine Corps. Petersen relinquished duties as the Commanding General, Marine Corps Combat Development Command, Quantico, Virginia, on 8 July 1988. He served as the Special Assistant to the Chief of Staff from 8 July 1988 until 31, July, and retired from the Marine Corps on 1 August 1988. He was presented the Distinguished Service Medal for exceptionally meritorious service as the CG, Marine Corps Combat Development Command, Quantico, Virginia, from June 1986 to July 1988, upon his retirement.
He received his Bachelor's degree in 1967 and his Master's degree in 1973, both from George Washington University, Washington, D.C. In 1987, he was the recipient of an honorary Doctor of Law degree granted by Virginia Union University. In addition he also attended the following service schools: the Amphibious Warfare School, Quantico, Virginia; the Aviation Safety Officers Course at the University of Southern California; and the National War College, Washington, D.C., class of 1973.
Petersen's decorations include:
- "News Release: Marine Corps Gen. Frank Petersen to Speak at Embry-Riddle Commencement03/12/04". Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University. April 23, 1999. Retrieved 2008-08-18.
- "NMDP NamesGeneral Frank E. Petersen Jr. as Board Chair". National Marrow Donor Program. July 22, 1999. Retrieved 2008-08-18.
- *Williams, Rudi (February 6, 2004). "Marine Corps' Magnetism Beckons Future General into World of Elite Warfighters". DefenseLINK News. U.S. Department of Defense. Archived from the original on 2006-10-14. Retrieved 2006-10-15.
- "Official Marine Corps biography". Retrieved 2008-08-18.
- "This week in Black history.(Col. Frank E. Petersen Jr. became the first Black promoted to the rank of brigadier general in the U.S. Marines )". Jet. February 27, 2006. Retrieved 2008-08-18.
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Army Center of Military History. This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps.
- ^ "Lieutenant General Frank E. Petersen, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. History Division, United States Marine Corps. Retrieved 2008-08-18.
- "Lieutenant General Frank Petersen — Retired". General Officer biographies. United States Marine Corps. Retrieved 2009-02-10.
- "News Release: Marine Corps Gen. Frank Petersen to Speak at Embry-Riddle Commencement". Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University. April 23, 1999. Retrieved 2008-08-18.
- Petersen, Frank E. (1998). Into the Tiger's Jaw : America's First Black Marine Aviator — The Autobiography of Lt. Gen. Frank E. Petersen. Presidio Press. ISBN 0-89141-675-7.
- Price, Jennifer M. (December 1998). "Book Review: Into the Tiger's Jaw: America's First Black Marine Aviator, The Autobiography of Lt. Gen. Frank E. Petersen". Sea Power (Navy League of the United States). Retrieved 2008-08-18.
- Lieutenant General Frank E. Petersen, USMC , from the Marine Corps Legacy Museum, accessed December 24, 2005
- "Frank Petersen". Visionary Interviews. National Visionary Leadership Project. Retrieved 2008-08-18.
- MacGregor, Morris J., Jr. (1985). "Chapter 18: Integration of the Marine Corps". Integration of the Armed Forces, 1940-1965. Washington, D.C.: United States Army Center of Military History. Retrieved 2008-08-18.
- Lamothe, Dan (February 6, 2009). "New TV ad highlights black Marine successes". Marine Corps Times. Retrieved 2009-02-07. Petersen is featured in the new 2009 ad.
- 1991 Conoco Gulfstream Crash http://iran-conoco-affair.us/Iran-Conoco-Affair/fraud_files/3-C%20Opposition%20Exhibit.pdf