Frank Gardner (journalist)
|Born||Francis Rolleston Gardner
31 July 1961
|Education||University of Exeter|
|Alma mater||University of Exeter|
|Notable credit(s)||BBC Six O'Clock News|
|Spouse(s)||Amanda Jane Pearson (1997-present)|
|Years of service||1984-1990|
|Unit||Royal Green Jackets|
Francis Rolleston "Frank" Gardner, OBE, FRGS (born 31 July 1961), is an English journalist and correspondent. He is currently the BBC's Security Correspondent. He was appointed an OBE in 2005 for his services to journalism.
Gardner's father and mother were both diplomats and when he was six he moved from the UK to the Hague in the Netherlands. The excitement of travel to a foreign country left a lasting impression. Educated at Saint Ronan's School, and Marlborough College, Gardner was pushed by his teachers into taking up biathlon, which enabled him to travel to Austria to train with the British Army biathlon team.
When he was 16, Gardner and his mother had met the Arabian explorer Sir Wilfred Thesiger (whom his mother had previously known) on a bus. Invited to the explorer's home in Chelsea, the initially reluctant Gardner fell in love with Arabia. Partly as a result – and partly reasoning that knowing the Arabic language would make him recruitable in 22 countries many of which had oil – he determined to study the Arabic language.
In his gap year Gardner went backpacking to Greece where, when working at a restaurant, he spotted an advertisement for a £100 one-way ticket to Manila in the Philippines. Once there, he spent time with the tribal people.
Between 1984 and 1990, Gardner served in the Territorial Army. He was commissioned on 23 May 1984 as a second lieutenant (on probation). On 30 September 1984, he transferred from the general list to the 4th Volunteer Battalion, the Royal Green Jackets, as a second lieutenant (on probation) and was given seniority from 23 May 1984. His commission was confirmed and his rank of second lieutenant was dated to 23 May 1984 with seniority from 23 May 1982. He was promoted to lieutenant on 30 September 1985, with seniority from 23 May 1984. He was promoted to captain on 1 October 1990, with seniority 1 February 1989.
Gardner worked as a marketing manager for Gulf Exports from 1984 to 1986 and in trading and sales for Saudi International Bank from 1986 to 1990. He was a director of Robert Fleming Bank from 1990 to 1995. After a nine-year career in banking as an investment banker, he left banking and started working in journalism for BBC World.
In 1995 he joined BBC World as a producer and reporter, and became the BBC's first full-time Gulf correspondent in 1998, setting up an office in Dubai. In 2000 Gardner was appointed BBC Middle East correspondent in charge of the bureau in Cairo, but travelled throughout the region. After the September 11, 2001 attacks on New York, from 2002 Gardner specialised solely in covering stories related to the War on Terror.
|“||He was always cut out for journalism. When Kuwait was liberated, he was there with his camera, doing a piece like a reporter. He's a good communicator, incredibly good at thinking on his feet, knows how to handle situations spontaneously and comes across really well. I met him studying Arabic and Islamic Studies at Exeter University and described him as incredibly widely-travelled, especially in the Middle East. In one year he travelled to 28 countries. He's the sort of guy who will get through a passport because he runs out of room, said friend of 25 years Anthony Campanale.||”|
On 6 June 2004, while reporting from Al-Suwaidi, a suburb of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Gardner was shot six times and seriously injured in an attack by al-Qaeda sympathisers. His colleague, Irish cameraman Simon Cumbers, was shot dead. Of the bullets which hit Gardner in his torso (others passed through his shoulder and leg) most missed his major organs but one hit his spinal nerves and he was left partly paralysed in the legs and dependent on a wheelchair. The Saudi Arabian government had forced Gardner to use official minders, who ran away once the firing started. The Saudi government promised compensation but in the end they never paid.
After 14 operations, seven months in hospital and months of rehabilitation he returned to reporting for the BBC in mid-2005, using a wheelchair or a frame. Despite his injury, he still occasionally reports from the field including places like Afghanistan and Colombia but usually comments on top stories from a BBC studio.
In 2011 Gardner presented Tintin's Adventure with Frank Gardner for the BBC, a documentary in which he travelled through Northern Europe following Tintin on his first ever adventure – Tintin in the Land of the Soviets.
In March 2012 Gardner pulled out of hosting the Counter-Terrorism and Specialist Security Awards (CTSS) amid concerns that this would compromise the BBC's impartiality. The Campaign Against Arms Trade (CAAT) had complained to the BBC about Gardner's role in hosting what it described as an "arms dealers' dinner".
Honours and awards
In the 2005 Queen's Birthday Honours, he was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) "for services to journalism". He has been awarded Honorary Doctorates of Law by the University of Nottingham, Staffordshire University, the University of Exeter, the University of East Anglia and the Open University. He has also received the McWhirter Award for Bravery, Spain’s El Mundo Prize for International Journalism, the Zayed Medal for Journalism and been voted Person of the Year by the UK Press Gazette. He is a fellow of the Royal Geographical Society (FRGS).
Gardner's Sunday Times bestseller Blood and Sand (ISBN 978-0-553-81771-3), describing his 25 years of Middle Eastern experiences, was published by Transworld in 2006. His book Far Horizons (ISBN 978-0-593-05968-5), about unusual journeys to unusual places, was published in May 2009.
Gardner is a keen skier. After his spinal injury and having attended a British Army training course for disabled skiers, he resumed skiing using a bobski (also called a sit-ski), a device that allows disabled people to ski while seated. In November 2011 he was elected honorary president of the Ski Club of Great Britain.
- Excess Baggage, BBC Radio 4, 9 May 2009.
- Gardner, Frank (31 August 2003). "Memories of a veteran explorer". BBC News. Retrieved 17 July 2012.
- "GARDNER, Francis Rolleston". Who's Who 2014. A & C Black. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
- "Tributes and concern for BBC men". BBC News. 7 June 2004. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
- The London Gazette: . 13 August 1984. Retrieved 2012-09-25.
- The London Gazette: . 7 January 1985. Retrieved 2012-09-25.
- The London Gazette: . 15 June 1987. Retrieved 2012-09-25.
- The London Gazette: . 4 March 1991. Retrieved 2012-09-25.
- "Profile: Frank Gardner". BBC News. 7 June 2004. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
- Bradley, John R. (2005). "Saudi Arabia Exposed: Inside a Kingdom in Crisis". Palgrave Macmillan. p. 147.
- The Times article on the shooting
- Frank Gardner (9 July 2005). "Honourable Mention". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 July 2012.
- "Muslim troops help win Afghan minds". BBC News. 28 March 2008. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
- "From Our Own Correspondent". BBC News. 18 December 2010. Retrieved 3 January 2011.
- Sherwin, Adam (10 March 2012). "BBC star quits 'awards dinner for arms dealers'". The Independent. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- "BBC apology to Queen over Abu Hamza disclosure". BBC News. 25 September 2012.
- The London Gazette: . 11 June 2005. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
- Anderson, Jane (19 September 2009). "The Archive Hour - Scott of Slimbridge". Radio Times.
- Official Frank Gardner website
- BBC NewsWatch profile of Gardner
- Revised BBC News profile of Gardner - post shooting
- Press freedom groups condemn shooting, IFEX
- BBC News article on Gardner's OBE honour
- Frank Gardner interview. From London's Evening Standard.
- Gardner on the slopes BBC Sport article about a Ski Sunday TV programme featuring Gardner.
- Articles by Frank Gardner, Jouranlisted.