Frank Horton (physicist)
|Professor Frank Horton|
|Born||20 August 1878|
|Died||31 October 1959 (aged 81)|
|Notable awards||Fellow of the Royal Society|
Professor Frank Horton FRS (20 August 1878 - 31 October 1957) was professor of physics at Royal Holloway College, London University from 1914 - 1946 and later Vice Chancellor of London University during the years of World War II from 1939 - 1945.
Early life and education
He was the eldest son of A Horton of Olton, Warwickshire, now part of the West Midlands. He was educated at King Edward's School, Birmingham. He then attended Mason Science College, which later became part of the University of Birmingham, where he obtained an MSc in physics. He then attended St John's College, Cambridge and obtained an ScD in 1905.
He was then a lecturer at the Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge from 1905-1914 and had been appointed a fellow of St John's College in 1905. From 1914 - 1946 he was Professor and head of the physics department at Royal Holloway College (RHC) and had been awarded a DSc from London University. During his early years at RHC he did research on thermionic emissions and gaseous ions. Over this time he became increasingly involved in college administration. He moved the physics department from the main college building to a purpose-built building in 1926, later known as the Horton Laboratory, with the first floor housing botany. He was Vice Chancellor of the University of London from 1939-1945. Since 1993 the building has housed Social Policy and Social Science entirely and physics now occupies the Tolansky and Wilson Laboratories. On his retirement in 1946, his successor in physics was Samuel Tolansky appointed in 1947.
In addition to his role as Vice Chancellor, he was Dean of the Faculty of Science of the University of London from 1930–34 and Chairman of the Academic Council of the university from 1935–39. Horton was not a member of the RHC committee regarding post-war policy of the college, in particular becoming coeducational, due to his position as the university's Vice Chancellor. However, he acted as advisor and joined a later sub-committee to discuss revisions to the college constitution which would need to be part of a Private Bill in parliament. RHC later admitted male postgraduates in 1945 and male undergraduates in 1965.
He married first in 1911, J M Vèra the only daughter of J E Fulton, a mechanical engineer of Wellington, New Zealand and they had one daughter. He married second in 1939, Ann Catherine Davies a Fellow of Newnham College, Cambridge, the only daughter of Robert Davies of Cricklewood and Llangybi, Ceredigion, Cardiganshire (now known as Ceredigion) in mid-Wales.
- A History of the Cavendish Laboratory 1871-1910 D R Campbell & F Horton 1911 (Marking 25 years of Sir J. J. Thomson's years of tenure of the Cavendish Professorship of Experimental Physics.)
- Whiddington, R. (1958). "Frank Horton 1878-1957". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 4: 117. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1958.0011. JSTOR 769505.
- Williams, Richard (1983). "Royal Holloway College, A Pictorial History" (first published October 1983). Surrey: Royal Holloway, University of London. p. 43 - includes a picture of Horton and the physics building named after him at Royal Holloway. ISBN 0-900145-83-8.
- HORTON, Frank, Who Was Who, A & C Black, 1920–2008; online edn, Oxford University Press, December 2007, accessed 8 October 2012
- Bingham, Caroline (1987). The history of the Royal Holloway College 1886-1986. London: Constable. ISBN 0-09-468200-3.
Sir Robert Howson Pickard FRS
|Vice-Chancellor of the
University of London
Sir David Hughes Parry