|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 1st district
January 3, 2009 – January 3, 2011
|Preceded by||Wayne Gilchrest|
|Succeeded by||Andrew Harris|
|Queen Anne's County State's Attorney|
January 2003 – January 3, 2009
|Preceded by||David Gregory|
|Succeeded by||Lance G. Richardson|
May 29, 1968 |
|Spouse(s)||Kimberly Kratovil (m. 1992)|
|Children||Frank Kratovil III
|Alma mater||Western Maryland College
University of Baltimore School of Law
Frank Michael Kratovil Jr., (born May 29, 1968) is an American politician who was the U.S. Representative for Maryland's 1st congressional district from 2009 to 2011. Elected in 2008, he was defeated in his bid for reelection on November 2, 2010. Kratovil is a member of the Democratic Party. He previously served as State's Attorney of Queen Anne's County on Maryland's Eastern Shore, and he was appointed as a judge for the county's District Court by Governor Martin O'Malley in December 2011.
Early life, education and career
Frank Kratovil was born in Lanham, Maryland, spent his childhood in Prince George's County, Maryland. He is the son of Frank M. Kratovil Sr. and Lynnda Kratovil. Kratovil attended high school at Queen Anne School in Upper Marlboro and graduated in 1986. Kratovil received his bachelor's degree in 1990 from Western Maryland College. He joined Phi Delta Theta while there. Kratovil also graduated with honors from University of Baltimore School of Law in 1994. He then served from 1994 to 1995 as Law Clerk for Judge Darlene G. Perry of Prince George's County Circuit Court. From 1995 to 1997 he served as Assistant State’s Attorney for Prince George's County, Maryland.
In 1997, Kratovil moved to the Eastern Shore and was appointed Assistant State’s Attorney for Queen Anne's County, Maryland. During his tenure as Assistant State’s Attorney he served as the County's only full-time Prosecutor and Community Prosecutor. He continued to serve as Assistant State's Attorney until 2001 when he was appointed as Deputy State’s Attorney in Kent County, Maryland. He also served as the President of the Young Democrats of Maryland from 1997 to 1998.
Queen Anne's County State's Attorney
In 2002, Kratovil ran for the office of State's Attorney in Queen Anne's County and was elected after defeating four term incumbent David Gregory in the primary and Republican Paul W. Comfort in the general election. Kratovil assumed office at the age of 34 making him the youngest State's Attorney in Maryland. He ran unopposed for re-election in 2006. He was elected by his fellow State's Attorneys to be President of the Maryland State's Attorneys' Association (MDSAA) for 2005. During his time as President of the MDSAA, he pushed for stronger legislation to expand prosecution of gangs and increased awareness of growing problems with drugs and gangs in Maryland's rural areas.
On June 4, 2007 Kratovil announced that he would run for Congress in Maryland's 1st congressional district. During the February 12 Primary Kratovil defeated fellow Democrats Christopher Robinson, Steve Harper, and Joseph Werner.
Kratovil expected to face nine-term Republican incumbent Wayne Gilchrest, a leading Republican moderate, in the general election. However, Gilchrest was ousted in the Republican primary by a considerably more conservative Republican, State Senator Andy Harris. This significantly changed the dimensions of the race, as Kratovil was now running for an open seat rather than against a long-term incumbent such as Gilchrest.
Kratovil was initially a heavy underdog due to the district's election history. Although Democrats and Republicans are nearly tied in registration, the 1st has a strong tinge of social conservatism that favors Republicans. The district had been in Republican hands for all but 14 years since 1959. Kratovil got a significant boost when Gilchrest endorsed Kratovil over Harris. In June, the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee (DCCC) decided to back Kratovil's campaign financially through their Red to Blue program. Kratovil, who is considered a moderate, has received endorsements not only from Democrats, but from local Eastern Shore Republicans. He also received an endorsement from the Blue Dog Coalition, a group of fiscally conservative congressional Democrats. CQ Politics designated the race as "No Clear Favorite."
The November election was as close as expected. On election night, Kratovil led Harris by 915 votes. After two rounds of counting absentee ballots, Kratovil's lead grew to 2,000 votes. Forecasting that it would be nearly impossible for Harris to close the gap, most media outlets declared Kratovil the winner on the night of November 7. Harris finally conceded on November 11.
Kratovil's election dramatized the geographic split that characterizes the 1st District. An Eastern Shore resident, Kratovil won Cecil County and the shore's eight other counties, but lost the district's portions of Baltimore, Harford and Anne Arundel counties on the Western Shore, which include Harris' base in Baltimore's conservative eastern suburbs. The district's voters are split almost evenly between the two regions. Kratovil thus became only the fourth Democrat to represent the 1st since 1947. Proving just how Republican this district still was, John McCain carried the 1st with 58 percent of the vote, his best showing in the state.
Kratovil based his 2010 re-election bid on his independent streak in Washington. He was quoted as saying "We can send someone to Washington who is going to continue to be independent and put the interests of the people of his district first, or we can send people that are going to put their own extreme ideological views ahead of the best interests of the people of this district." He also pointed to his overall record in Congress as proof. He was ranked as being in the top ten of independent voting records in Congress by CQ Politics in 2009.
A "Super PAC" group called The Concerned Taxpayers of America paid $150,000 for ads attacking Kratovil, and $300,000 for ads attacking Peter DeFazio of Oregon. Mid-October 2010 quarterly FEC filings showed that the group was solely funded by $300,000 from Daniel G. Schuster Inc., a concrete firm in Owings Mills, Maryland, and $200,000 from New York hedge fund executive Robert Mercer, the co-head of Renaissance Technologies of Setauket, New York. According to Dan Eggen at The Washington Post, the group said "it was formed in September 'to engage citizens from every walk of life and political affiliation' in the fight against 'runaway spending.'" Its only expenditures were for these ads. Schuster was the top contributor to Harris.
Kratovil was heavily defeated, taking only 42 percent of the vote to Harris' 54 percent.
U.S. House of Representatives
- Committee assignments
- Committee on Agriculture
- Committee on Armed Services
- Committee on Natural Resources
Kratovil voted against the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in March 2010, citing "the overall cost, the deficit impact, and the negative impact that the bill’s employer mandates could have on job creation." Afterward, Kratovil touted his opposition to the law in campaign ads. A local paper criticized that approach.
|2002||Queen Anne's County State's Attorney||General||Frank Kratovil||Democratic||9,169||57.23%||Paul W. Comfort||Republican||6,830||42.63%|
|2006||Queen Anne's County State's Attorney||General||Frank Kratovil||Democratic||13,894||100%|
|2008||U.S. House, Maryland's 1st district||Primary||Frank Kratovil||Democratic||28,566||40.2%||Christopher Robinson||Democratic||21,892||30.8%||Steve Harper||Democratic||11,904||16.7%||Joseph Werner||Democratic||8,753||12.3%|
|2008||U.S. House, Maryland's 1st district||General||Frank Kratovil||Democratic||177,065||49.1%||Andy Harris||Republican||174,213||48.3%||Richard James Davis||Libertarian||8,873||2.5%||Write-ins||35||0.1%|
|2010||U.S. House, Maryland's 1st district||General||Andy Harris||Republican||155,118||54.1%||Frank Kratovil||Democratic||120,400||42.0%||Richard James Davis||Libertarian||10,876||3.8%||Write-ins||418||0.15%|
District Court Judge
In late December 2011, Maryland Governor Martin O'Malley appointed Kratovil as a judge for the Queen Anne's County District Court. Kratovil had been nominated by the Trial Courts Judicial Nominating Commission to fill a vacancy due to the retirement of Judge John T. Clark III.
- Office of State's Attorney, Queen Anne's County
- Maryland State Archives
- "Frank Kratovil history". kratovil.com.[dead link]
- 2006 Gubernatorial General Election Results - qacelections.com
- Castaneda, Ruben (February 11, 2007). "Bill Seeks To Expand Prosecution Of Gangs". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 1, 2013.
- "Gang Problems Spreading Across Maryland". wjz.com.[dead link]
- "Frank Kratovil candidacy announcement". kratovil.com.[dead link]
- Lake, Sarah (September 9, 2008). "Gilchrest crosses party lines to support Kratovil". The Salisbury Flyer. Retrieved 2009-05-09.
- DCCC announces third round of Red to Blue (DCCC.org)
- Congressional race in Maryland gets tight - The Washington Blade
- Two local GOP figures endorse Kratovil - The Star Democrat
- 'Blue Dog Coalition' gives endorsement to Kratovil - The Capital
- Kratovil Wins 1st District Seat Over Harris. Associated Press via WBAL-TV, 2008-11-07.
- "Rematch: Harris versus Kratovil". baltimoresun.com. The Baltimore Sun. May 7, 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-07.
- Knauss, Chris (June 27, 2010). "Kratovil says common sense solutions needed in Washington". The Star Democrat (Easton, Maryland). Retrieved April 1, 2013.
- "CQ Vote Studies: 2009". CQ Roll Call. Retrieved April 1, 2013.
- DeFazio tries to find out who is behind mysterious attack ads, Karen Tumulty, The Washington Post, September 25, 2010
- Wealthy financier is mysterious funder of ads attacking DeFazio, Jeff Mapes, The Oregonian, October 15, 2010
- Concerned Taxpayers group is powered by only two donors, Dan Eggen, The Washington Post, October 17, 2010
- Pioneering Fund Stages Second Act, Scott Patterson and Jenny Strasburg, The Wall Street Journal, March 16, 2010
- http://kratovil.house.gov/index.cfm?sectionid=22&parentid=21§iontree=21,22&itemid=390[dead link]
- D'Aprile, Shane (August 31, 2010). "Rep. Kratovil touts healthcare opposition in first TV ad". The Hill. Retrieved April 1, 2013.
- "Frank Kratovil Sign the Discharge Petition". Delmarva Dealings. August 4, 2010.[dead link]
- Oueen Anne's County Board of Elections – Statement of Votes Cast Queen Anne's General; November 5, 2002; State of Maryland, Queen Anne's County (11/15/2002)
- "Representative in Congress Results". Maryland State Board of Elections. Retrieved April 11, 2008.
- "Representative in Congress Results". Maryland State Board of Elections. Retrieved on Jun. 14, 2009
- "Representative in Congress Results". Maryland State Board of Elections. Retrieved on November 6, 2011
- "O'Malley Appoints Kratovil to be a Judge". WBOC. December 29, 2011. Retrieved January 7, 2012.
- Frank Kratovil for U.S. Congress official campaign site
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Project Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Profile from the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee (DCCC)
- Maryland State's Attorneys' Association (MSAA)
- National District Attorneys Association (NDAA)
- Foundation for Community Partnerships, Inc.
- Queen Anne's County Community Partnerships for Children (Local Management Board)
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 1st congressional district
|Congressional delegations to the 111th United States Congress from Maryland (ordered by seniority)|
|111th||Senate: Mikulski • Cardin||House: Hoyer • Bartlett • Cummings • Ruppersberger • Van Hollen • Sarbanes • Edwards • Kratovil|