Frank Ongley Darvall

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Frank Ongley Darvall CBE (16 April 1906 – 21 May 1987), was a British students' union leader, Liberal Party politician, diplomat and authority on Anglo-American relations.

Background[edit]

He was the fifth son of R. T. Darvall and Annie Johnson, of Reading, Berkshire. He was educated at Dover College and Reading (BA), London (BA, PhD) and Columbia (MA) Universities. He married, in 1931, Dorothy Edmonds of New York City. They had one son. He was awarded the CBE in 1954.[1]

Political career[edit]

He was President of the National Union of Students from 1927–29.

He was Liberal candidate for the Ipswich Division of Suffolk at the 1929 General Election.

General Election 1929: Ipswich[2]

Electorate 54,474

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Francis John Childs Ganzoni 18,527 39.7 -15.7
Labour Robert Frederick Jackson 17,592 37.7 -6.9
Liberal Frank Ongley Darvall 10,559 22.6 n/a
Majority
Turnout 85.7 -2.0
Unionist hold Swing -4.4

He was Liberal candidate for the King’s Lynn Division of Norfolk at the 1935 General Election.

General Election 1935[3]

Electorate 48,764

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Somerset Arthur Maxwell 17,492 50.0
Labour F Emerson 12,062 34.5
Liberal Frank Ongley Darvall 5,418 15.5
Majority 5,430 15.5
Turnout 34,972 71.7
Conservative hold Swing

After the election he was adopted by Dorset East Liberal Association as their prospective parliamentary candidate, a more winnable seat as the Liberals came second in 1935 and had last won as recently as 1929.

Darvall was prominent touring around Britain giving a series of lectures on world affairs in conjunction with the University Extension Association.[4] Darvall was elected to the influential policy-making body the Liberal Party Council. From this platform he was one of the leading figures in the party who argued in support of a Popular Front which was also argued for inside the Labour party by the likes of Sir Stafford Cripps. A Popular Front government would most likely come to power as a result of electoral co-operation between the Liberal and Labour parties. A general election was expected to take place sometime in 1939. In February 1939, while Cripps was being threatened by the Labour party with expulsion, Darvall was told by friends in the Labour party that the rejection of Cripps' Popular Front strategy did not mean that locally-agreed electoral co-operation could not go ahead. Darvall advised Liberal HQ to refrain from publicly backing Cripps as this could help secure more local electoral pacts.[5] Although Labour had already selected a prospective parliamentary candidate for Dorset East,[6] it was indicated that they would be prepared to withdraw him and support Darvall in a general election. However in July 1939 Darvall was approached and agreed to stand as the Liberal candidate for the Hythe by-election, 1939 in Kent. The Liberals were also the main challengers to the Conservatives in Hythe and Darvall had received an assurance that Labour would not oppose him in Hythe. Although Darvall achieved a swing to the Liberals of 8.4%, the Conservatives held the seat.

Hythe by-election, 1939[7]

Electorate 35,535

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rupert Arnold Brabner 12,016 54.2 -9.7
Liberal Frank Ongley Darvall 9,577 43.2 +7.1
Independent Harry St. John Bridger Philby 576 2.6 n/a
Majority 2,439 11.0 -16.8
Turnout 62.4 -5.9
Conservative hold Swing -8.4

With a general election perhaps only a couple of months away, Darvall agreed to remain as Liberal candidate for Hythe and the Dorset East Liberals quickly found a replacement for him in D. Graham Hutton. As things transpired, the anticipated general election was not held due to the outbreak of war.

Early career[edit]

He was Commonwealth Fund Fellow, 1929–31; Assoc. Sec. for International Studies, International Students Service, 1931–32; Dir, Geneva Students International Union, 1933. Extension Lecturer and Tutorial Classes Tutor, Cambridge and London Universities, 1933–39. Lecturer in Economics and History, Queen’s College, Harley Street, 1933–36; Director Research and Discussion, English Speaking Union, 1936–39; Deputy Director American Div., Ministry of Information, 1939–45.[1]

Diplomatic career[edit]

He was British Consul, Denver, 1945–46; 1st Secretary HM Embassy, Washington, 1946–49; Vice-Chairman Kinsman Trust, 1949–56; Editor, The English-Speaking World, 1950–53; Director-General, English-speaking Union of the Commonwealth, 1949–57; Chairman, Congress of European-American Assoc., 1954–57. European Editor, World Review, 1958–59. Hon. Dir, UK Committee, Atlantic Congress, 1959; Attached British High Commission, Cyprus, 1960–62; Dir, British Information Services, Eastern Caribbean, 1962–66; attached, British Consulate-Gen., Barcelona, 1966; Consul, Boston, 1966–68; FCO (formerly CO), 1968–70. He retired from HM Diplomatic Service in 1970.[1]

He was Dean of Academics, Alvescot College, 1970–71, Vice-Pres., 1971–72.[1]

Publications[edit]

He wrote extensively throughout his career, but his three most significant works were;[1]

  • Popular Disturbances and Public Order in Regency England, 1934
  • The Price of European Peace, 1937
  • The American Political Scene, 1939

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Darvall, Frank Ongley, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2007; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2007, accessed 4 Feb 2014
  2. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  3. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  4. ^ Hastings and St Leonards Observer, 18 Dec 1937
  5. ^ The Liberal Party in South-west Britain Since 1918 by Garry Tregidga
  6. ^ Report of the Annual Conference, 1939
  7. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig