Frankfurt Hauptwache station

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Frankfurt (Main) Hauptwache station
Bahnhof Frankfurt (Main) Hauptwache
Map of the station area
Operations
Category 3
Type Underground through station
Platforms in use 6 (4 U-Bahn, 2 S-Bahn)
Daily entry/exit 181,000 daily
DS100 code FHAU
Station code 1864
Construction and location
Location Frankfurt
State Hesse
Country Germany
Home page www.bahnhof.de
50°6′50″N 8°40′44″E / 50.11389°N 8.67889°E / 50.11389; 8.67889Coordinates: 50°6′50″N 8°40′44″E / 50.11389°N 8.67889°E / 50.11389; 8.67889
Route information
List of railway stations in Hesse

Frankfurt (Main) Hauptwache station (German: Bahnhof Frankfurt (Main) Hauptwache) is a major metro station in the city centre of Frankfurt, Germany.

With 181,000 passengers per day, Hauptwache station is the third busiest rapid transit station in Frankfurt after Frankfurt Central Station and Konstablerwache station and a major hub for commuter transport in the Frankfurt/Rhine-Main region. It is served by eight S-Bahn lines (S1–S6, S8, S9) and six U-Bahn lines (U1-U3, U6-U8).

Name[edit]

The underground station is named after a baroque building which stands on a plaza above the station. The Hauptwache building was constructed in 1730 and was used as a prison, therefore the name that translates as "main guard-house". Today the square surrounding the building is also called "Hauptwache" (formal: An der Hauptwache).

Location[edit]

Hauptwache station is situated at the western end of Frankfurt’s main shopping street, the Zeil. Konstablerwache station is located at the eastern end of the Zeil.

History[edit]

In 1961 the Frankfurt city council agreed to build a U-Bahn network. Construction began in 1963 on a line between the Nordweststadt (a new housing estate in the north-western suburbs) and the city centre. The first section opened in 1968 from Nordweststadt to Hauptwache, which was the terminus of the line until 1973, when it was extended south to Theaterplatz, now Willy-Brandt-Platz. This line (known as route A) is now used by trains on lines U1–U3. In 1986 the east-west route C opened, which is used by trains on lines U6 and U7.

Deutsche Bundesbahn committed to build an S-Bahn network in 1962, but no new line was opened until 28 May 1978, when the first section of the City Tunnel from the central station to Hauptwache was opened. Hauptwache was the terminus of the S-Bahn until 1983, when the line was extended to Konstablerwache, at the other end of the Zeil shopping street. In 1986 the tramline serving Hauptwache was closed.

Shopping arcade and entrance to the station

Operational Usage[edit]

Preceding station   Rhine-Main S-Bahn   Following station
S1Frankfurt S1.svg
S2Frankfurt S2.svg
toward Dietzenbach
toward Bad Soden
S3Frankfurt S3.svg
toward Kronberg
S4Frankfurt S4.svg
toward Langen
S5Frankfurt S5.svg
toward Südbahnhof
toward Friedberg
S6Frankfurt S6.svg
S8Frankfurt S8.svg
toward Hanau Hbf
S9Frankfurt S9.svg
Preceding station   Frankfurt U-Bahn   Following station
toward Ginnheim
U1Frankfurt U1.svg
toward Südbahnhof
U2Frankfurt U2.svg
U3Frankfurt U3.svg
U6Frankfurt U6.svg
toward Hausen
U7Frankfurt U7.svg
toward Enkheim
toward Ginnheim
U7Frankfurt U8.svg
toward Südbahnhof