Frankfurt Airport

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Frankfurt Airport
Flughafen Frankfurt am Main
Frankfurt Airport Logo.svg
FRA June2013.JPG
IATA: FRAICAO: EDDF
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner/Operator Fraport
Serves Frankfurt, Germany
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 364 ft / 111 m
Coordinates 50°02′00″N 008°34′14″E / 50.03333°N 8.57056°E / 50.03333; 8.57056Coordinates: 50°02′00″N 008°34′14″E / 50.03333°N 8.57056°E / 50.03333; 8.57056
Website frankfurt-airport.com
Map
FRA is located in Frankfurt am Main
FRA
FRA
Location within Frankfurt am Main
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07R/25L 4,000 13,123 Asphalt
07C/25C 4,000 13,123 Asphalt
18A 4,000 13,123 Concrete
07L/25RB 2,800 9,240 Concrete
Statistics (2012)
Passengers 57,527,251 Increase 1,9%
Cargo 2,100,747 Decrease 6,7%
Aircraft movements 482,242 Decrease 1,0%
Economic impact $22.3 billion[1]
Sources: Passenger traffic & movements - Fraport[2]
German AIP at EUROCONTROL[3]

A:^ The opposite end of Runway 18, which if marked would be Runway 36, is unused.[4] Runway 18 is used for take-offs only.
B: ^ Runway 07L/25R is used for landings only.

Frankfurt Airport (IATA: FRAICAO: EDDF) (German: Flughafen Frankfurt am Main, also known as Rhein-Main-Flughafen) is a major international airport located in Frankfurt, the fifth-largest city of Germany and one of the world's leading financial centres. It is operated by Fraport and serves as the main hub for Lufthansa including Lufthansa CityLine and Lufthansa Cargo as well as Condor and AeroLogic. The airport covers an area of 21 square kilometres (8.1 sq mi) of land and features two passenger terminals with a capacity of approximately 65 million passengers per year, four runways and extensive logistics facilities.

Frankfurt Airport is by far the busiest airport by passenger traffic in Germany, the third busiest in Europe after London Heathrow Airport and Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport and the 10th busiest worldwide in 2013.[5] It handled 57.5 million passengers in 2012.[2] With a freight throughput of 2.07 million metric tonnes in 2012[6] it is also the second busiest airport in Europe by cargo traffic. As of winter 2012/2013, Frankfurt Airport served 264 destinations in 113 countries, making it the airport with the most international destinations in the world.[4]

The southern side of the airport ground was home to the Rhein-Main Air Base, which was a major air base for the United States from 1947 until 2005, when the air base was closed and the property was acquired by Fraport.

Location[edit]

Frankfurt Airport lies 12 km (7.5 mi) southwest of central Frankfurt,[3] near the Autobahn intersection Frankfurter Kreuz, where two of the most heavily used motorways in Europe (A3 and A5) meet. The airport ground, which forms a city district of Frankfurt named Frankfurt-Flughafen, is surrounded by the Frankfurt City Forest.

The airport is centrally located in the Frankfurt/Rhine-Main region, Germany's second-largest metropolitan region, which itself has a central location in the densely populated region of the west-central European megalopolis. Thereby, along with a strong rail and motorway connection, the airport serves as a major transportation hub to the greater region, less than two hours by ground to Cologne, the Ruhr Area, and Stuttgart.

History[edit]

First airport[edit]

On November 16, 1909, the world's first airline was founded in Frankfurt am Main: The Deutsche Luftschiffahrts-Aktiengesellschaft (DELAG). DELAG then built the first airport in Frankfurt, called Airship Base at Rebstock, which was located in Bockenheim in the western part of the city and was primarily used for airships in the beginning. It opened in 1912 and was extended after World War I, but in 1924 an expert's report already questioned the possibility of further expansions at this location.

With the foundation of Deutsche Luft Hansa in 1926 a rapid boom of civilian air travel started and soon the airship base became too small to handle the demand. Plans for a new and larger airport located in the Frankfurt City Forest south-west of Schwanheim were approved in 1930, but were not realized due to the Great Depression. After the Machtergreifung in 1933 the government revived the plans and started the construction of the new airport.

Second airport[edit]

The Frankfurt Rhein-Main Airport and Airship Base was officially opened on July 8, 1936. In the following years it became the second-largest airport in Germany (after Berlin Tempelhof Airport) and was home for the two largest German Zeppelins, LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin and LZ 129 Hindenburg. It was planned to make Frankfurt the most important destination for Zeppelins in Germany, but after the catastrophic crash of the Hindenburg in Lakehurst on May 6, 1937, the airship era came to an abrupt end.

World War II[edit]

After the beginning of World War II in 1939 all foreign airlines left the airport and control of air traffic was transferred to the Luftwaffe. On May 9, 1940, the first bombers took off to attack France. From August to November 1944 a concentration camp was established in Walldorf, close to the airport ground, where Jewish female prisoners were forced to work for the airport. The Allies of World War II destroyed the runway system with airstrikes in 1944 and the Wehrmacht blew up buildings and fuel depots in 1945, shortly before the US Army took control of the airport on March 25, 1945. After the German Instrument of Surrender the war in Europe ended and the US Army started to build a new temporary runway at Frankfurt Airport. The southern part of the airport ground was occupied to build the Rhein-Main Air Base as an Air Force Base for the United States Air Forces in Europe.

Berlin Airlift[edit]

Rhein-Main Air Base during the Berlin Airlift

In 1948 the Soviet Union blocked the Western Allies' railway and road access to the sectors of West Berlin under Allied control. Their aim was to force the western powers to allow the Soviet zone to start supplying Berlin with food and fuel, thereby giving the Soviets practical control over the entire city. In response, the Western Allies organized the Berlin Airlift to carry supplies via air to the people in West Berlin. The airports in Frankfurt, Hamburg and Hannover were the primary bases for the allied airplanes. The heavy use of these so-called "Raisin Bombers" caused damage to the runway in Frankfurt and forced the US Army to build a second parallel runway. The airlift ended in September 1949 after the Soviet Union ended their blockade.

Growth of the airport[edit]

Civil air traffic at Frankfurt Airport in 1951
An Iran Air Boeing 707–320 at Frankfurt Airport in 1970

In 1951 restrictions for German air travellers were lifted and civil air traffic started to grow again. In 1952 Frankfurt Airport handled more than 400.000 passengers; a year later it was more than half a million. About 100 to 120 planes took off from and landed in Frankfurt daily. In 1955, Lufthansa finally recommenced their flights to and from Frankfurt and in the same year the Federal Republic of Germany gained its air sovereignty back from the Allies. In 1957 the northern runway was extended, first to 3,000 metres and then to 3,900 metres, to make it compatible with jet aircraft.

The airport did not emerge as a major international airline hub until 1958 when a new passenger terminal called Empfangsanlage Ost (Terminal East, literally "Arrival Facility East") opened in the north-east corner of the airport ground. Only four years later it was clear that the terminal was already too small for the demand. In 1961 Frankfurt already had 2.2 million passengers and 81,000 take-offs and landings, making it the second busiest airport in Europe behind London Heathrow Airport.

In 1962 it was decided to build an even larger terminal with a capacity of 30 million passengers per year. Work on this terminal began in 1965. The southern runway was extended to 3,750 metres in 1964. In 1970 a new airplane hangar was inaugurated - it accommodated six jet airplanes and was the world's largest airplane hangar at the time.

The new main terminal[edit]

Check-in concourse A in Terminal 1

The new terminal, called Terminal Mitte (Central Terminal, today known as Terminal 1) and divided into three concourses (A, B and C) with 56 gates and an electric baggage handling system, was opened to the public on March 14, 1972. It was assumed that the terminal capacity would be sufficient for the next 30 years. Along with the new terminal a train station (Frankfurt Airport station) was opened, the first airport train station in the Federal Republic of Germany. A few days later the old Empfangsanlage Ost was closed.

The third runway[edit]

Planning for a third runway (called Startbahn 18 West) began in 1973. This project spawned massive protests by residents and environmentalists. The main points of conflict were increasing noise and pollution and the cutting down of protected trees in the Frankfurt City Forest. While the protests and related lawsuits were unsuccessful in preventing the construction of the runway, the Startbahn West protests were one of the major crystallization points for the German environmental movement of the 1980s. The protests even continued after the runway had been opened in 1984 and in 1987 two police officers were killed by a gunman. This incident ended the Startbahn West protests for good. Because of its orientation in the north-south direction, in contrast to the other two runways which run east-west, the use of the third runway is limited. The Startbahn West can only be used for takeoffs to the south because otherwise they would interfere with air traffic at the other runways. Due to this restriction the runway must be partially or fully closed when northward winds are too strong.

Terminal 2 and the second train station[edit]

The apron of Terminal 2

In 1990, work on a new terminal (Terminal 2) began because it was anticipated that Terminal Mitte would reach its capacity limit sooner than expected. The new terminal, divided into concourses D and E, was built to the east of the existing terminal where once the Empfangsanlage Ost had been. With its opening in 1994, Frankfurt Airport increased its terminal capacity to 54 million passengers per year. Along with the terminal opening, a people mover system called Sky Line was established to provide a fast connection between Terminal 2 and Terminal Mitte (now renamed Terminal 1).

In 1999 a second train station, primarily for InterCityExpress long-distance trains (called Frankfurt Airport long-distance station), opened near Terminal 1 as part of the new Cologne–Frankfurt high-speed rail line. At the same time local and regional trains were centered at the existing underground train station, now renamed Frankfurt Airport regional station.

Closure of the Rhein-Main Air Base[edit]

On December 30, 2005, the Rhein-Main Air Base in the southern part of the airport ground was closed and the US Air Force moved to Ramstein Air Base. The property was handed back to Fraport which allows the airport to use it to build a new passenger terminal. The property of the housing area for the soldiers, called Gateway Gardens, which was located north-east of the airport ground, was given back to the city of Frankfurt in the same year and will be developed as a business district in the following years.

The Airbus A380 and The Squaire[edit]

Two of Lufthansa's Airbus A380-800s at Frankfurt Airport

From 2005 to 2007 a large Airbus A380 maintenance facility was built at Frankfurt Airport because Lufthansa wanted to station their future A380-aircraft-fleet here. Due to economic reasons only half of the facility has been built so far. Both terminals also underwent major renovations in order to handle the A380, including the installation of a third boarding bridge at several gates. Lufthansa's first Airbus A380 went into operation in June 2010 and was baptised Frankfurt am Main.

Aerial view of the central airport buildings including The Squaire in the back

In 2011 a large office building called The Squaire (a portmanteau of square and air) opened at Frankfurt Airport. It was built on top of the Airport long-distance station and is considered the largest office building in Germany with 140,000 m2 (1,500,000 sq ft) floor area. Main tenants are KPMG and two Hilton Hotels.

The fourth runway[edit]

Plans to build a fourth runway at Frankfurt Airport had been under-way since 1997 but due to the violent conflicts with the building of the third runway, Fraport let residents groups and environmentalists participate in the process to find an agreeable solution. In 2000 a task force presented their conclusion which generally approved a new runway, but in shorter length (only 2.800 metres compared to the other three 4.000 metres long runways) which would serve as a landing-only runway for smaller aircraft. Additional requirements included improved noise protection arrangements and a strict ban on night flights between 11 p.m. and 5 a.m. across the whole airport. In 2001 Fraport applied for an approval to build a new runway, with three possible variants assessed. This concluded that a runway north-west of the airport ground would deliver the fewest adverse effects for local residents and the surrounding environment. The plans were approved by the Hessian government in December 2007, but the requested ban on night flights was lifted because it was argued that an international airport like Frankfurt would need night flights, especially for worldwide freight transport. Construction of the new 2,800 meters (9,240 feet) long Runway Northwest in the Kelsterbach Forest began in early 2009.

The runway officially went into operation on 20 October 2011, with an aircraft carrying Chancellor Angela Merkel performing the first landing on 21 October.

The centre line separation from the existing north runway is about 1,400 meters (4,620 feet). This will allow for simultaneous instrument landing system (ILS) operations on these two runways, which has not been possible on the existing parallel runways because they do not meet the 3,500 foot requirement for ILS operations.[7] This will enable the airport to increase its capacity from the current 83 to 126 aircraft movements per hour.[8][9]

Ban on night flights[edit]

On October 11, 2011, the Hessian Administration Court ruled that night flights between 11pm and 5am (the so-called Mediationsnacht) are no longer allowed at Frankfurt Airport after the inauguration of the new runway, and therefore overrode the approval from the Hessian government from 2007 which allowed 17 scheduled flights per night. On April 4, 2012 the German Administrative Court confirmed the decision of the Hessian Administration Court, banning night flights between 11pm and 5am.[10]

Expansion of Terminal 1[edit]

To handle the predicted passenger amount of about 90 million in 2020, a new terminal section adjacent to Terminal 1 for an additional six million passengers opened on 10 October 2012. It is called Flugsteig A-Plus and exclusively used by Lufthansa mainly for their long-haul flights. Flugsteig A-Plus features eight parking positions and is able to handle four Airbus A380 or seven Boeing 747 at once.[11]

Terminals[edit]

Frankfurt Airport has two large main passenger terminals (1 and 2) and a much smaller dedicated First Class Terminal which is operated and exclusively used by Lufthansa. Unlike many other international airports, the terminal operations are grouped for airlines and airline alliances rather than into domestic or long-haul routes.

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1

Terminal 1 is the older and larger one of the two passenger terminals. The landside is 420 meters long. It is divided into concourses A, B, C and Z and has a capacity of approximately 50 million passengers per year. Terminal 1 is functionally divided into three levels, the departures level on the upper floor with check-in counters, the arrivals level with baggage claim areas on the ground floor and, underneath, a distribution floor with access to the regional station and underground and multilevel parking. Departures and arrivals levels each have separate street approaches. A bus station is located at arrivals level. Terminal 1 has a total of 103 gates, which include 54 gates equipped with jetways (25 in Concourse A, 18 in Concourse B, 11 in Concourse C).

On 10 October 2012, a 800 meter-long westward expansion of Terminal 1 called Pier A-Plus went into operation. It provides more stands for wide-body aircraft like the Airbus A380.[12]

Terminal 1 is primarily used by Lufthansa, its associated companies (e.g. Swiss International Air Lines and Austrian Airlines) and its Star Alliance partners (e.g. Aegean Airlines, Air Canada, Air China, All Nippon Airways, Croatia Airlines, Scandinavian Airlines, Singapore Airlines, South African Airways, TAP Portugal, Thai Airways, Turkish Airlines and United Airlines).

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2

Terminal 2, which has a capacity of 15 million passengers a year, was opened in 1994 and is divided into concourses D and E. A continuous concourse between Terminal 1C and 2D provides direct, but non-public access between the two terminals. It has eight gates with jetways and 34 apron stands, a total of 42 gates and is able to handle wide-body aircraft such as Korean Air's Airbus A380s.

Terminal 2 is primarily used by airlines of the oneworld (e.g. Air Berlin, American Airlines, British Airways, Cathay Pacific, Finnair, Iberia, Japan Airlines, Malaysia Airlines, Royal Jordanian and S7 Airlines) and SkyTeam alliances (e.g. Aeroflot, Air France, Alitalia, China Airlines, China Eastern Airlines, Czech Airlines, Delta Air Lines, KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, Korean Air, Saudia, TAROM and Vietnam Airlines).

Passengers and visitors can change terminals with the people mover system SkyLine which has stops at Terminal 1 AZ (passengers only), Terminal 1 BC and Terminal 2 DE. The travel time between the terminals is 2 minutes with trains arriving every 2–3 minutes during the day. Additionally there is regular bus service between the terminals.

Lufthansa First Class Terminal[edit]

Lufthansa First Class Terminal

Lufthansa operates a separate First Class Terminal near Terminal 1 with highly restricted access for use by first class passengers of the Lufthansa Group only. Passengers flying on other Star Alliance partners in First Class do not have access to the First Class Terminal. The facility has 200 staff and is used by about 300 passengers daily. It provides individualised security screening and customs facilities, valet parking, a white-linen restaurant, lounge and office areas, a cigar room and bubble baths. Passengers clear exit immigration controls in the terminal and then are driven from there directly to their aircraft by a chaffeured Mercedes-Benz S-Class, Mercedes-Benz Viano or Porsche Panamera.

Passenger airlines and destinations[edit]

107 airlines fly to 275 destinations in 111 countries from Frankfurt Airport, with approximately 1,365 flights per day. Lufthansa and their Star Alliance partners account for 77% of all passengers at Frankfurt Airport.[13] 65% of all intercontinental flights in Germany are operated at Frankfurt Airport, followed by Munich Airport with 17%.[13]

Due to capacity constraints until autumn 2011 when the fourth runway went into operation, there are only few low-cost carriers operating at Frankfurt Airport. Those airlines use Frankfurt-Hahn Airport as an alternative which also provides lower operational costs. Despite its name, Frankfurt-Hahn Airport lies about 120 km (75 mi) west of Frankfurt, closer to Koblenz and Mainz.

Lufthansa Airbus A340-300 at Frankfurt Airport
Aer Lingus Airbus A320-200 at Frankfurt Airport
Delta Air Lines Boeing 767-400ER at Frankfurt Airport
TUIfly Boeing 737-800 at Frankfurt Airport
Korean Air Airbus A380-800 at Frankfurt Airport
KLM Cityhopper Fokker 70 at Frankfurt Airport
TAM Airlines Boeing 777-300ER at Frankfurt Airport
Lufthansa Airbus A320-200 at Frankfurt Airport
Cathay Pacific Boeing 747-400 at Frankfurt Airport
Air France Airbus A318-100 at Frankfurt Airport
United Airlines Boeing 747-400 at Frankfurt Airport
Airlines Destinations Terminal/
Concourse
Adria Airways Ljubljana, Pristina, Tirana 1A
Aegean Airlines Athens, Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Corfu (begins 29 May 2014),[14] Heraklion, Rhodes (begins 30 May 2014)
1B
Aer Lingus Dublin 2E
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 2D
Air Algérie Algiers
Seasonal: Oran
2E
Air Astana Almaty, Astana 2E
Air Berlin Alicante, Berlin-Tegel, Catania, Hurghada, Palma de Mallorca
Seasonal: Corfu, Enfidha, Fuerteventura, Ibiza, Kavala, Tenerife-South
2E
Air Canada Calgary, Montréal-Trudeau, Ottawa, Toronto-Pearson 1B
Air China Beijing-Capital, Chengdu, Shanghai-Pudong 1B
Air Europa Madrid[15] 2E
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 2D
Air India Delhi 1B
Air Malta Malta 1C
Air Moldova Chişinău 2D
Air Namibia Windhoek 2E
Air Serbia Belgrade 1C
Air Transat Seasonal: Calgary, Vancouver 2D
Air VIA Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna 2D
airBaltic Riga 2E
Alitalia Rome-Fiumicino 2D
Alitalia
operated by Alitalia CityLiner
Milan-Linate 2D
All Nippon Airways Tokyo-Haneda 1B
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth 2D
Asiana Airlines Seoul-Incheon 1B
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Vienna 1A
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku 2E
Belavia Minsk-National 2D
Biman Bangladesh Airlines Dhaka[16] 2E
BMI Regional Bristol, Karlstad (begins 26 May 2014) 1A
British Airways London-Heathrow 2E
British Airways
operated by BA CityFlyer
London-City 2E
Bulgaria Air Sofia 1C
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna 2D
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong 2E
China Airlines Taipei-Taoyuan 2D
China Eastern Airlines Shanghai-Pudong 2D
China Southern Airlines Changsha (begins 20 June 2014), Guangzhou (begins 20 June 2014)[17] 2D
Condor Agadir, Antalya, Arrecife, Barbados, Cancún, Cape Town, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Havana, Holguín, Hurghada, Kilimanjaro, Larnaca, Las Vegas, Málaga, Mahé, Malé, Mauritius, Mombasa, Montego Bay, Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta, Palma de Mallorca, Panama City, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Recife, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, Saint Lucia, Salvador da Bahia, San José de Costa Rica, San Juan, Santa Cruz de la Palma, Santo Domingo, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tenerife-South, Zanzibar
Seasonal: Anchorage, Antigua, Baltimore, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Banjul, Burgas, Calgary, Chania, Corfu, Dalaman, Djerba, Dubrovnik, Fairbanks, Fort Lauderdale, Fortaleza (begins 20 June 2014),[18] Halifax, Heraklion, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Kalamata (begins 22 May 2014), Kos, La Romana, Malta, Minneapolis/St. Paul (begins 26 June 2014),[19] Mykonos, Phuket, Preveza, Rhodes, Rijeka, Santorini, Seattle/Tacoma, Split, Tivat, Tobago, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver, Varadero, Whitehorse, Windhoek (begins 10 November 2014),[20] Yangon
Charter: Dubai-World Central[21]
1C
Croatia Airlines Dubrovnik, Split, Zagreb
Seasonal: Zadar, Pula
1A
Cyprus Airways Larnaca 1B
Czech Airlines Prague 2D
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Detroit, New York-JFK 2D
EgyptAir Cairo 1B
El Al Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion 1C
Emirates Dubai-International 2E
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa 1B
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi 2E
Finnair Helsinki 2E
Georgian Airways Tbilisi[22] 2E
Germania Seasonal: Antalya, Burgas, Heraklion, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Varna 2D
Germanwings
operated by Eurowings
Seasonal: Heringsdorf (begins 3 May 2014) TBA
Gulf Air Bahrain 2D
Iberia Express Madrid 2E
Icelandair Reykjavík-Keflavík 2E
Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini 1C
Iraqi Airways Baghdad, Erbil, Najaf 2E
Japan Airlines Tokyo-Narita 2D
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam 2D
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon 2D
Kuwait Airways Kuwait, Geneva 2D
LAN Airlines Madrid, Santiago de Chile 1C
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin[23] 1A
Lufthansa Aberdeen, Abu Dhabi, Abuja, Accra, Addis Ababa, Algiers, Almaty, Amman-Queen Alia, Amsterdam, Ashgabat, Astana, Atlanta, Athens, Bahrain, Baku, Bangalore, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Beijing-Capital, Beirut, Belgrade, Bergen, Berlin-Tegel, Bilbao, Billund, Birmingham, Bogotá, Bologna, Boston, Bremen, Brussels, Budapest, Bucharest, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Cairo, Caracas, Casablanca, Chennai, Chicago-O'Hare, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Dammam, Delhi, Denver, Detroit, Doha, Dresden, Dubai-International, Dublin, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Erbil, Faro, Gdańsk, Geneva, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Graz, Hamburg, Hanover, Helsinki, Hong Kong, Houston-Intercontinental, Istanbul-Atatürk, Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta,[24] Jeddah, Johannesburg-OR Tambo, Katowice, Kiev-Boryspil, Kraków, Kuala Lumpur, Kuwait, Lagos, Leipzig/Halle, Linz, Lisbon, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Luanda, Lyon, Madrid, Malabo, Málaga, Malta, Manchester, Marseille, Mexico City, Miami, Milan-Linate, Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Domodedovo, Moscow-Vnukovo, Mumbai, Munich, Münster/Osnabrück, Muscat, Nagoya-Centrair, Nanjing, Naples, New York-JFK, Newark, Nice, Nizhniy Novgorod, Nuremberg, Orlando, Osaka-Kansai, Oslo-Gardermoen, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Philadelphia, Port Harcourt, Porto, Poznań, Prague, Riga, Qingdao, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, Riyadh, Rome-Fiumicino, Saint Petersburg, Samara, San Francisco, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Shenyang, Singapore, Sofia, Stavanger, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tallinn, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tokyo-Haneda,[25] Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Toulouse, Tripoli, Tunis, Turin, Valencia, Vancouver, Venice-Marco Polo, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw-Chopin, Washington-Dulles, Wrocław, Zagreb, Zurich
Seasonal: Ankara, Antalya, Casablanca, Dubrovnik, Hévíz-Balaton,[26] Larnaca, Lublin (begins 3 July 2014),[27] Montréal-Trudeau (begins 16 May 2014),[28] Palma de Mallorca, Split
1A, 1B, 1C
Lufthansa
operated by PrivatAir
Dammam, Pune 1A
Lufthansa
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Innsbruck, Salzburg 1A
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Basel/Mulhouse, Bergen, Belgrade, Billund, Bologna, Brussels, Bucharest, Florence, Friedrichshafen, Gdańsk, Graz, Katowice, Leipzig/Halle, Linz, London-City, Minsk-National, Münster/Osnabrück, Nuremberg, Poznań, Rzeszów, Stuttgart, Turin, Verona, Wrocław
Seasonal: Bastia, Olbia, Palermo, Sylt
1A
Luxair Luxembourg 1A
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur 2D
MIAT Mongolian Airlines Seasonal: Ulaanbaatar (begins 19 June 2014)[29] 2D
Middle East Airlines Beirut 1B
Montenegro Airlines Podgorica 2D
Niki Vienna 2E
Nouvelair Charter: Enfidha 2E
Oman Air Muscat 2E
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen 2E
Qatar Airways Doha 1B
Rossiya Saint Petersburg 2E
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca, Nador 2D
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia 2E
S7 Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo, Novosibirsk 2E
SATA International Ponta Delgada 2E
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh
Seasonal: Medina
2D
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda 1A
Singapore Airlines New York-JFK, Singapore 1C
Somon Air Dushanbe 2E
South African Airways Johannesburg-OR Tambo 1B
SriLankan Airlines Colombo 2E
SunExpress Antalya, İzmir 2D
SunExpress Deutschland Ankara, Antalya, Gazipaşa, Hurghada, İzmir, Marsa Alam
Seasonal: Thessaloniki (begins 2 May 2014)
2D
Swiss International Air Lines Zurich 1A
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss European Air Lines
Zurich 1A
TAM Airlines São Paulo-Guarulhos 1C
TAP Portugal Lisbon 1A
TAROM Bucharest 2D
Thai Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi 1C
Transaero Airlines Moscow-Vnukovo[30] 2D
TUIfly Agadir (begins 6 June 2014),[31] Arrecife, Boa Vista, Fuerteventura, Hurghada, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Marsa Alam, Sal, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Antalya, Corfu, Dalaman, Enfidha, Faro, Funchal, Heraklion, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Minorca, Palma de Mallorca, Patras/Araxos, Rhodes
2D
Tunisair Djerba, Enfidha, Tunis, Düsseldorf 1C
Turkish Airlines Ankara, Istanbul-Atatürk, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir
Seasonal: Adana, Kayseri
1B
Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat 2D
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Boryspil 2D
United Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Houston-Intercontinental, Newark, San Francisco, Washington-Dulles 1B
US Airways Charlotte, Philadelphia 2E
UTair Aviation Rostov-on-Don[32][33] 2D
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent 2D
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City 2D
Vueling Barcelona 2E

Cargo[edit]

Frankfurt Airport is the second-largest multimodal transport airport in Europe and has several logistics facilities. These facilities are grouped at two areas at the airport ground: In the north (CargoCity Nord) and in the south (CargoCity Süd). In 2010 it was the second-busiest airport by cargo traffic in Europe after Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport, handling 2,231,348 metric tonnes of loaded and unloaded freight.

CargoCity Süd[edit]

The 98 hectare large CargoCity Süd is home to a cargo center for dispatch service providers and freight forwarding businesses. Several transport companies like DHL Global Forwarding, Air China, Emirates, Japan Airlines, Cathay Pacific, Korean Air and Fraport Cargo Services are based here.

CargoCity Nord[edit]

CargoCity Nord is the headquarters of Lufthansa Cargo. Additional facilities here are a Perishable Center for fresh produced goods and the Frankfurt Animal Lounge for the transport of living animals.

Cargo airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air Algérie Cargo Algiers
Air China Cargo Beijing-Capital, Dalian, Novosibirsk, Shanghai-Pudong
Air France Cargo Paris-Charles de Gaulle
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Yekaterinburg
Asiana Cargo Seoul-Incheon, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Moscow-Domodedovo, Vienna
Atlas Air Houston-Intercontinental, Hahn, Miami
British Airways World Cargo Atlanta, Chicago-O'Hare, Delhi, Dubai-International, Hong Kong, London-Stansted (all to end 30 April 2014)[34]
CAL Cargo Air Lines Liege, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
Cargo Garuda Indonesia Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta
Cathay Pacific Cargo Amsterdam, Chennai, Dubai-International, Hong Kong, Manchester, Mumbai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
China Airlines Abu Dhabi, Prague, Taipei-Taoyuan
China Cargo Airlines Shanghai-Pudong
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou,[35] Shanghai-Pudong[35]
DHL Aviation
operated by Air Contractors
Leipzig/Halle
DHL Aviation
operated by EAT Leipzig
Leipzig/Halle, London-Heathrow
Emirates SkyCargo Campinas-Viracopos, Dakar, Dubai-International[36]
Etihad Crystal Cargo Abu Dhabi [37]
EVA Air Cargo Brussels, Delhi, Taipei-Taoyuan [38]
FedEx Express Cologne/Bonn, Memphis
FedEx Feeder
operated by Air Contractors
Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Iran Air Cargo Tehran-Mehrabad
Korean Air Cargo Brussels, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Navoi, Seoul-Incheon, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
LAN Cargo Amsterdam, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Campinas-Viracopos, Lima, Santiago de Chile
Lufthansa Cargo Aguadilla, Almaty, Amsterdam, Atlanta, Bahrain, Bangalore, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beijing-Capital, Bogotá, Boston, Buenos Aires, Campinas, Chennai, Chicago-O'Hare, Chongqing, Cologne/Bonn, Curitiba, Dakar, Dallas/Fort Worth, Delhi, Detroit, Dhaka, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Hyderabad, Jeddah, Johannesburg, Kaunas, Krasnoyarsk, Los Angeles, Manaus, Manchester, Mexico City, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Mumbai, Nairobi, New York-JFK, Osaka-Kansai, Quito, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, Riyadh, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Shannon, Sharjah, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Tucumán
Lufthansa Cargo
operated by AeroLogic[39]
Atlanta, Chicago-O'Hare, Houston, Los Angeles, Toronto-Pearson
MASkargo Amsterdam, Colombo, Dubai-International, Kuala Lumpur, Tashkent
Maximus Air Cargo Sharjah
MyCargo Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
National Airlines Doha, Hong Kong, Karaganda, Kuwait, Quetta
Nightexpress Coventry
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha
Saudia Cargo Dammam, Riyadh
Singapore Airlines Cargo Bangalore, Sharjah, Singapore[40]
Southern Air Anchorage
Thai Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Delhi, Hyderabad
TNT Airways Liege, Dubai
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul-Atatürk
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent, Baku

Runway system[edit]

Frankfurt Airport has four runways of which three are arranged parallel in east-west direction and one in north-south direction.

Direction/name Length in m / ft Surface Arrangement Start of operation Use
07C/25C (Runway North) 4000 × 60 / 13,123 × 197 Asphalt East-west 1936 Take-offs (landings allowed)
07R/25L (Runway South) 4000 × 45 / 13,123 × 148 Asphalt East-west 1949 Take-offs and landings
18 (Runway West) 4000 × 45 / 13,123 × 148 Concrete North-south 1984 Take-offs in southbound direction only
07L/25R (Runway Northwest) 2800 × 45 / 9,240 × 148 Concrete East-west 2011 Landings only (not allowed for Airbus A380, Boeing 747, MD-11)

During normal operation the two outer parallel runways (07L/25R and 07R/25L) are used for landings and the central parallel runway (07C/25C) and the Runway West (18) for take-offs. The three parallel runways have two markings because they can be operated in two directions while the Runway West can only be used in one direction.

In 2010 three runways (Runways North, South and West) handled 464,432 aircraft movements, which equated 83 movements per hour. With the start of operation of the Runway Northwest in October 2011 the airport should be able to handle 126 movements per hour. It is predicted that aircraft movements will increase up to 700,000 in the year 2020. By the use of the fourth runway Frankfurt Airport is able for the first time to handle independent parallel landings because the distance between the north and the north-west runways is 1,400 m (4,593 ft). This was not possible with the north and south runways because they do not meet the safety distance ordered by the International Civil Aviation Organization.

Airport City[edit]

Frankfurt Airport Center 1
The Squaire

The airport ground and the surrounding area of Frankfurt Airport offer a large variety of on-airport businesses as well as airport-related businesses, like office space, hotels, shopping areas, conference rooms and car parks. The development of an airport city has significantly increased in recent years.

Sheraton Hotel & Conference Center[edit]

Sheraton Hotels and Resorts offers 1,008 guest rooms adjacent to Terminal 1 and a conference center for up to 200 delegates.

Frankfurt Airport Centers[edit]

The Frankfurt Airport Center 1 (FAC 1) near Terminal 1 offers office and conference facilities, the newer FAC 2 is located within Terminal 2 and offers office space for airlines.

Airport City Mall[edit]

The Airport City Mall is located on the landside of Terminal 1, departure hall B. It offers national and international retailers and label stores, a supermarket and several restaurants.

The Squaire[edit]

The Squaire is an office building with a total floor area of 140,000 m2 (1,506,900 sq ft). It is directly connected to Terminal 1 through a connecting corridor for pedestrians. The accounting firm KPMG, Lufthansa and two Hilton Hotels (Hilton Garden Inn Frankfurt Airport with 334 rooms and Hilton Frankfurt Airport with 249 rooms) occupy space in The Squaire.

Main Airport Center[edit]

The Main Airport Center, named after the Main river, is an office building with ten floors and about 51,000 m2 (549,000 sq ft) of office space. It is located at the edge of the Frankfurt City Forrest near Terminal 2.

Gateway Gardens[edit]

Gateway Gardens is a former housing area for the United States Air Force personnel based at the Rhein-Main Air Base, close to Terminal 2. Like the air base, the housing area was closed in 2005. Since then the area is being developed into a business location for airport-related companies. Lufthansa moved its airline catering subsidiary LSG Sky Chefs to Gateway Gardens, Condor and SunExpress are headquartered here. DB Schenker, the logistics company of Deutsche Bahn, is currently building a 66 m (217 ft) high-rise building.

Other facilities[edit]

Lufthansa Aviation Center

Fraport's facilities are on the property of Frankfurt Airport.[41] Its head office building is by Gate 3.[42] The newly constructed[43] headquarters were inaugurated there in 2012.[44] The Fraport Driving School (Fraport Fahrschule) is in Building 501 of CargoCity South (CargoCity Süd).[45][46]

Lufthansa's main building, where the board of directors is seated, is called Lufthansa Aviation Center (LAC).[47] Lufthansa operates the Lufthansa Aviation Center (LAC), Building 366 at Frankfurt Airport.[48][49] Several company departments, including Corporate Communications,[50] Investor Relations,[51] and Media Relations,[52] are based out of the LAC. Lufthansa also uses several other buildings in the area, like the Lufthansa Flight Training Center for flight training operations and the Lufthansa Basis BG2[53] as a central base and for crew briefing. As of 2011 Lufthansa Cargo is headquartered in Building 451 of the Frankfurt Airport area.[54] As of 2012 Lufthansa Cargo is located at Gate 25 in the CargoCity Nord area, Lufthansa Technik is located at Gate 23 and in the CargoCity Süd area.[55]

Star Alliance, an airline alliance, is headquartered at the Frankfurt Airport Center 1 (FAC 1) adjacent to Terminal 1.[56]

Airmail Center Frankfurt, a joint venture of Lufthansa Cargo, Fraport, and Deutsche Post for airmail transport, has its head office in Building 189, between Terminals 1 and 2.[57]

Transaero Airlines has its European head office in Building 151.[58]

Future expansions[edit]

Airport map with planned expansions

Terminal 3[edit]

To handle the predicted passenger amount of 90 million in 2020, a third, large new terminal is scheduled to be built by Fraport south of the existing terminals at the ground of the former Rhein-Main Air Base. The new Terminal 3 should be able to house up to 25 million passengers and will feature 75 new aircraft positions. An extension of the people mover system SkyLine is planned to transport people to Terminal 1, the airport railway stations and Terminal 2.

Ground transportation[edit]

Frankfurt Airport can easily be accessed by car, taxi, train or bus as it features an extensive transportation network. There are two railway stations at the airport: one for suburban/regional trains and one for long-distance trains.

Car[edit]

Frankfurt Airport is located in the Frankfurt City Forest and directly connected to an Autobahn intersection called Frankfurter Kreuz where the A3 and A5 meet. It takes a 10–15 minutes by car or taxi to get to Frankfurt Central Station or the city centre.[59]

Passengers driving their owns cars can park in multilevel parking garages (mostly underground) along the terminals. A long term holiday parking lot is located south of the runways and connected by shuttle bus to the terminals.

Bus and coaches[edit]

Various transport companies provide bus services to the airport from the surrounding areas as well as by coach to long-distance destinations.[60]

Airport regional station[edit]

S-Bahn at the regional station

Frankfurt Airport regional station (Frankfurt Flughafen Regionalbahnhof) at Terminal 1, concourse B, provides access to the S-Bahn commuter rail lines S8 and S9 which depart every 15 minutes during the day to Hanau Central Central in the east via Frankfurt Central Station, Frankfurt Hauptwache station and Offenbach East Station, and to Wiesbaden Central Station in the west via Rüsselsheim and either Mainz Central Station (line S8) or Mainz-Kastel (line S9). The journey time to Frankfurt Central Station is 11 minutes, to Hauptwache station 15 minutes.[61]

Regional-Express trains to other destinations like Saarbrücken in the west, Koblenz in the Rhine valley to the north, or Würzburg in the east also call at the regional station.[61]

Airport long-distance station[edit]

Platforms at the long-distance station

Frankfurt Airport long-distance station (Frankfurt Flughafen Fernbahnhof) was opened in 1999. The station is squeezed in between the motorway motorway A 3 and the four-lane Bundesstraße B43, linked to Terminal 1 by a connecting corridor for pedestrians that bridges the Autobahn. It is the end point of the newly built Cologne–Frankfurt high-speed rail line, which links southern Germany to the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan area, the Netherlands and Belgium via Cologne at speeds up to 300 km/h (190 mph). About 10 trains per hour depart in all directions.[61]

Deutsche Bahn operates the AIRail Service in conjunction with Lufthansa, American Airlines and Emirates. The service operates to the central stations of Bonn, Cologne, Düsseldorf, Freiburg, Karlsruhe, Leipzig, Hamburg, Hannover, Mannheim, Munich, Nuremberg, Stuttgart and to Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe.[62]

Ground transportation statistics[edit]

In 2006, 29.5% of the 12,299,192 passengers whose air travel originated in Frankfurt came by private car, 27.9% came by rail, 20.4% by taxi, 11.1% parked their car at the airport for the duration of their trip, 5.3% came by bus, and 4.6% arrived with a rental car.[63]

Statistics[edit]

In 2011, Frankfurt Airport was the third busiest airport in Europe in terms of total passenger traffic, but it was second behind Paris-Charles de Gaulle in terms of plane movements and cargo traffic.

Busiest routes at Frankfurt Airport (2010) [64]
Rank Airport Departing passengers Airlines
1 Germany Berlin-Tegel 802,000 Lufthansa, Air Berlin
2 Germany Hamburg 795,100 Lufthansa, Air Berlin
3 United Kingdom London-Heathrow 759,500 British Airways, Lufthansa
4 Norway Oslo-Gardermoen 747,200 Lufthansa, Scandinavian Airlines
5 Germany Munich 475,100 Lufthansa
6 Austria Vienna 459,400 Austrian Airlines, Lufthansa, Niki
7 France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 448,200 Air France, Lufthansa
8 Singapore Singapore 429,500 Lufthansa, Singapore Airlines
9 Poland Warsaw Chopin Airport 378,500 Lufthansa, LOT Polish Airlines
10 Spain Madrid 353,900 Iberia, LAN Airlines, Lufthansa, Spanair
11 United Arab Emirates Dubai 337,700 Condor, Emirates, Lufthansa
12 United States Washington-Dulles 334,900 Lufthansa, United Airlines
13 Thailand Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi 330,900 Lufthansa, Thai Airways
14 Italy Rome-Fiumicino 320,300 Alitalia, Ethiopian Airlines, Lufthansa
15 United States New York-JFK 319,130 Delta, Lufthansa, Singapore Airlines
16 Spain Palma de Mallorca 319,000 Air Berlin, Condor, TUIfly, Lufthansa
17 Spain Barcelona 290,600 Lufthansa, Spanair
18 Japan Tokyo-Narita 290,600 All Nippon Airways, Japan Airlines, Lufthansa
19 Canada Toronto-Pearson 289,100 Air Canada, Air Transat, Lufthansa
20 Turkey Antalya 289,000 Condor, Pegasus Airlines, Sky Airlines, SunExpress, TUIFly, Turkish Airlines, XL Airways Germany
21 Netherlands Amsterdam 287,200 KLM, Lufthansa
22 United States Chicago-O'Hare 285,000 American Airlines, Lufthansa, United Airlines
23 United States Atlanta 283,236 Delta, Lufthansa
24 United States Boston 277,360 Lufthansa
25 United States San Francisco 277,300 Lufthansa, United Airlines
26 Denmark Copenhagen 276,400 Lufthansa, Scandinavian Airlines
27 Switzerland Zurich 272,700 Lufthansa, Swiss International Air Lines
28 ChinaBeijing-Capital 270,500 Air China, Lufthansa
29 China Shanghai-Pudong 264,900 Air China, China Eastern Airlines, Lufthansa
30 Sweden Stockholm-Arlanda 264,000 Lufthansa, Scandinavian Airlines
31 United States Newark 255,000 United Airlines, Lufthansa
32 Portugal Lisbon 253,900 Lufthansa, TAP Portugal
33 South Korea Seoul-Incheon 236,400 Asiana Airlines, Korean Air, Lufthansa
34 Israel Tel Aviv 228,300 El Al, Lufthansa, Sun d'Or International Airlines
35 Brazil São Paulo-Guarulhos 223,500 Lufthansa, TAM Airlines
36 Finland Helsinki 222,700 Finnair, Lufthansa
37 Hong Kong Hong Kong 221,700 Cathay Pacific, Lufthansa
38 Czech Republic Prague 220,000 Czech Airlines, Lufthansa
39 Republic of Ireland Dublin 214,700 Aer Lingus, Lufthansa
40 Norway Bergen-Flesland 213,300 Lufthansa, Scandinavian Airlines
41 Greece Athens 210,500 Aegean Airlines, Lufthansa
42 Russia Moscow-Domodedovo 210,500 Lufthansa, S7 Airlines, Transaero
43 South Africa Johannesburg 209,300 Lufthansa, South African Airways

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 22 May 1983 during an Air show at Rhein-Main Air Base, a Canadian RCAF Lockheed F-104 Starfighter crashed into a nearby road, hitting a car and killing all passengers, a vicar's family of five. The pilot was able to eject.
  • On 19 June 1985 a bomb cloaked in a canvas bag was detonated approx at 14:42 in the afternoon in Hall B of the Rhein Main Frankfurt Airport, leaving the section to look like a battlefield. The blast resulted in 3 deaths and 32 injuries, of which 4 were considered serious.[65]
  • In September 2007, German authorities arrested three suspected terrorists for plotting a "massive" terror attack, which posed "an imminent threat" to Frankfurt Airport and the US Air Force base in Ramstein.[66]
  • On 2 March 2011, a gunman opened fire on a bus carrying US Air Force personnel at Frankfurt Airport, killing two and wounding two others.[67]

Trivia[edit]

  • With 71,500 people employed at about 500 companies, Frankfurt Airport is the single largest workplace in Germany as of 2010.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Frankfurt airport - Economic and social impact". Ecquants. Retrieved September 7, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Traffic Figures". Retrieved 2013-01-24. 
  3. ^ a b "EAD Basic". Ead.eurocontrol.int. Retrieved 2012-01-19. 
  4. ^ a b "Figures". Fraport.de. 2012-01-13. Retrieved 2012-01-19. 
  5. ^ http://www.aci.aero/Data-Centre/Monthly-Traffic-Data/Passenger-Summary/Year-to-date
  6. ^ 2012 Passenger Traffic (Preliminary)
  7. ^ [1][dead link]
  8. ^ Rahn, Cornelius (2010-08-05). "Air Berlin Urged to Switch Focus to FRA". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2012-01-19. 
  9. ^ Groundbreaking Ceremony for Frankfurt Airport’s Runway Northwest
  10. ^ Urteil im Fluglärm-Prozess Keine Nachtflüge mehr am Flughafen Frankfurt, retrieved 2012-04-04 
  11. ^ http://www.fraport.de/de/kompetenzen/entwicklung-frankfurt-airport/erweiterungen/a-plus.html
  12. ^ "Fraport AG | en". Fraport.com. 2013-05-31. Retrieved 2013-06-21. 
  13. ^ a b "Fraport Visual Fact Book Full Year 2011" (PDF). Fraport AG. Retrieved 24 June 2012. 
  14. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2013/09/24/a3-s14update1/
  15. ^ Air Europa start Madrid-Frankfurt service from March 2014
  16. ^ "Biman to resume Frankfurt flight after 7 years". bdnews24.com. 8 February 2014. Retrieved 10 February 2014. 
  17. ^ "China Southern to Launch Frankfurt Service from late-June 2014". Airline Route. 4 March 2014. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  18. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2014/02/14/de-for-jun14/
  19. ^ "Condor Adds Minneapolis Service in S14". Airline Route. 19 December 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2013. 
  20. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2014/02/04/de-w14update1/
  21. ^ http://www.ch-aviation.ch/portal/news/22714-condor-to-move-its-charter-flights-to-dubai-world-central
  22. ^ "TIMETABLE". Georgian Airways. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 
  23. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2014/02/19/lo-s14cxld/
  24. ^ http://www.routes-news.com/news/1-news/2088-lufthansa-to-run-five-flights-in-2014-to-jakarta
  25. ^ "Lufthansa flies to convenient Haneda Airport" (Press release). Lufthansa. 18 December 2013. Retrieved 18 December 2013. 
  26. ^ http://ch-aviation.com/portal/news/25840-intersky-to-operate-switzerlandgermany-hungary-charters
  27. ^ http://www.airliners.de/lufthansa-fliegt-neu-ins-polnische-lublin/32190
  28. ^ aircanada.com - Air Canada Launches Major European Expansion
  29. ^ "MIAT Mongolian Airlines S14 Europe Operation Changes as of 27FEB14". Airline Route. 27 February 2014. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  30. ^ Transaero timetables
  31. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2013/10/03/x3-germany-s14/
  32. ^ "Schedule from city Rostov-on-Don, 12.03.2013 – 07.03.2014". Schedule. Utair Aviation. Retrieved 12 March 2013. 
  33. ^ "New UTair Route Connecting Rostov-on-Don to Frankfurt am Main". News. Utair-Aviation. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  34. ^ http://ch-aviation.ch/portal/news/25025-british-airways-axes-b747-8f-contract-with-atlas-air
  35. ^ a b http://www.aircargoworld.com/Air-Cargo-News/2013/07/china-southern-begins-guangzhou-frankfurt-freighter-service/2514640
  36. ^ Emirates SkyCargo Schedule
  37. ^ Etihad Crystal Cargo Schedule
  38. ^ EVA Air Cargo Schedule
  39. ^ "2013 summer schedule". Aero Logic. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  40. ^ "Singapore Airlines launches German cargo route | Air Cargo World News". Aircargoworld.com. 2011-11-01. Retrieved 2012-01-19. 
  41. ^ "How to find us." Fraport. Retrieved on May 28, 2011.
  42. ^ "Offering of 22,700,000 Ordinary Bearer Shares of Fraport AG Frankfurt Airport Services Worldwide." Fraport. H-4. Retrieved on May 28, 2011. "REGISTERED AND HEAD OFFICE OF THE COMPANY Fraport AG Frankfurt Airport Services Worldwide Flughafen Tor 3 60547 Frankfurt am Main Germany"
  43. ^ "Quality breeds Success." Fraport. Retrieved on May 28, 2011.
  44. ^ "Connecting Sustainably Report 2010." Fraport. 35. Retrieved on May 28, 2011.
  45. ^ "Fraport Driving School How to find us!." Fraport. Retrieved on May 28, 2011.
  46. ^ "Fraport Fahrschule So finden Sie uns." Fraport. Retrieved on May 28, 2011.
  47. ^ http://lac.lufthansa.com/de/index.php
  48. ^ "How to get there." Lufthansa Aviation Center. Retrieved on 28 May 2011.
  49. ^ "Imprint." Lufthansa Aviation Center. Retrieved on November 15, 2012. "Gebäude 366 Airportring 60546 Frankfurt/Main"
  50. ^ "Service Contact Person." Lufthansa. Retrieved on February 15, 2010.
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  52. ^ "Media Relations." Lufthansa. Retrieved on February 14, 2010.
  53. ^ http://feest.com.de/Frankfurt-he/Lufthansa-Basis-BG2
  54. ^ "Imprint." Lufthansa Cargo. Retrieved on 28 May 2011. "Lufthansa Cargo AG Flughafenbereich West Tor 25, Gebäude 451 D-60546 Frankfurt am Main"
  55. ^ https://www.lufthansa-technik.com/documents/100446/183272/General+Contact+Sheet+140208.pdf
  56. ^ "[2]."Star Alliance. Retrieved on December 12, 2013. "Star Alliance Services GmbH Frankfurt Airport Centre, Main Lobby 60546 Frankfurt/Main."
  57. ^ "Airmail Center Frankfurt GmbH (ACF)." Fraport. Retrieved on May 28, 2011. "Contact: Airmail Center Frankfurt GmbH Flughafen Frankfurt Tor 3, Gebäude 189 Postfach 750164 60549 Frankfurt am Main Germany"
  58. ^ "Ticket Sales Offices." Transaero. Retrieved on November 13, 2012. "Transaero Airlines, Head office in Europe Geb. 151 HBK 096 Flughafen D-60549 Frankfurt am Main."
  59. ^ http://www.frankfurt-airport.de/content/frankfurt_airport/de/anreise/auto.html
  60. ^ http://www.frankfurt-airport.de/content/frankfurt_airport/de/anreise/bus_bahn/bushaltestellen.html
  61. ^ a b c http://www.frankfurt-airport.de/content/frankfurt_airport/de/anreise/bus_bahn.html
  62. ^ http://www.frankfurt-airport.de/content/frankfurt_airport/de/anreise/bus_bahn/airail_service_r24349.html
  63. ^ Statistical data prepared by Fraport department MVG-MF based on polls conducted in the departure lounges every four days
  64. ^ DeStatis: Luftverkehr auf allen Flugplätzen 2010, Chapters 4+5
  65. ^ Times Wire Service (19 June 1985). "Frankfurt Airport Ripped by Bomb; 3 Killed, 32 Hurt : Explosive Put in Trash Can by Ticket Counters". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 1 May 2013. 
  66. ^ 'Massive' Terror Plot Foiled In Germany (Sky News)
  67. ^ "Frankfurt Airport shooting: Two US servicemen dead". BBC News. 2 March 2011. Retrieved 2 March 2011. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Frankfurt Airport at Wikimedia Commons