Frankfurt Motor Show

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The Frankfurt Trade Fair during the 2007 Frankfurt Motor Show with the Messeturm in the background

The Frankfurt Motor Show or Frankfurt Auto Show, in German known as the Internationale Automobil-Ausstellung (IAA - International Automobile Exhibition), is the world's largest motor show. It is held biennially in Frankfurt am Main, Hesse, Germany. The show occupies 12 buildings.

The IAA is organized by the Verband der Automobilindustrie (VDA – Association of the German Automotive Industry). Since 1991 the show is split in two: Even-numbered years show commercial vehicles in Hanover and odd-numbered years passenger vehicles (including some motorcycles) in Frankfurt. The show is scheduled by the Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d'Automobiles.

History[edit]

IAA history

The International Motor Show IAA in Germany - Ignition Sparks and Milestones

1897

First IAA held at the Hotel Bristol in Berlin.

1897–1911

The IAA became a fixed event in Germany, with at least one held every year, usually in Berlin; in 1905, 1906 and 1907 there were two. The automobile was now socially accepted, and production was on an industrial level.

1921

The first IAA in Berlin since World War I, and the 14th since counting began. Sixty-seven automobile manufacturers showed 90 motor car and 49 HGV models. This IAA revolved around “comfort”.

1931

Despite the still perceptible after-effects of the global recession, the 22nd IAA was held in Berlin. A total of 295,000 visitors were recorded. For the first time exhibition included front-wheel drive vehicles.

1939

The last IAA before the outbreak of World War II was held in Berlin. This, the 29th IAA, saw an all-time record of 825,000 visitors. The new “Volkswagen” was presented for the first time. The “strength through joy motor car” later went down in automobile history as the “Beetle”.

1947–1949

Germany’s automobile and accessories manufacturers took part in the export trade fair in Hannover. The automobile industry’s hall acted like a magnet on the public.

1951

For the first time ever, an automobile exhibition was held on the trade fair site in Frankfurt. This major event, which took place in April, attracted 570,000 visitors. The exhibits included the first HGV to have a turbo diesel engine. Just six months later, in September, a second automobile exhibition in Berlin attracted 290,000 visitors. With this, the 35th IAA, the German automobile industry bade farewell to its traditional exhibition site and relocated completely to Frankfurt on the Main. From now on the IAA took place every other year.

1956

The motor car celebrated its 70th birthday. Vehicle production in the Federal Republic of Germany broke the million-mark for the first time. Some 302,000 people were employed in the automobile industry. Germany’s vehicle manufacturers were second only to the USA in world production. Cars “made in Germany” became the export hit. Almost every second vehicle built in Germany was sold abroad.

1961

The 40th IAA on the exhibition site in Frankfurt was visited by 950.000 people – a new IAA record. The breakthrough to mass motoring had been achieved. Occupant safety was the key issue in many motor car presentations. The safety belt was one of the highlights at the exhibition.

1965

A Japanese company presented its motor cars for the first time at an IAA.

1969

The 44th IAA was overshadowed by the topic of “delivery dates”. The economic slump was overcome, and Germany’s automobile industry began to flourish again.

1977

Germany’s automobile manufacturers were on course for a new production record. For the first time, over 4 million vehicles were built. The IAA was a symbol of the increasing confidence of Germany’s automobile industry.

1981

Saving energy” was the watchword at the 49th IAA. The economy and low fuel consumption of the new models were emphasised. However, the IAA was also seen as the signal for a “limited economic upturn”.

1989

The last IAA to feature both cars and commercial vehicles confirmed that the exhibition site in Frankfurt was now too small for this major event. Almost 2,000 exhibitors squeezed onto an exhibition site measuring 252,000 square metres. More than 1.2 million visitors attended the event. Because of the high demand, it was no longer possible to meet exhibitors’ requirements for adequate exhibition stands. In view of this, the VDA decided to hold two IAAs from now on.

1991

The IAA was first subdivided in two in 1991. In odd-numbered years the IAA Passenger Cars is held in Frankfurt; even-numbered years see the IAA Commercial Vehicles in Hannover. The first “pure” IAA Passenger Cars was huge success. A total of 1,271 exhibitors from 43 countries displayed their new products and innovations on an exhibition site of some 200,000 square metres. With more than 935,000 visitors, the IAA Passenger Cars was extremely well attended.

1992

The first IAA Commercial Vehicles saw 1,284 exhibitors from 29 countries. The exhibition site measured 252,000 square metres. Some 287,000 people visited this IAA, 66 per cent of them were trade visitors. This confirmed that the VDA’s decision to split the event in two was right.

1999

The motto of the last IAA of the old millennium was “The car: meeting place for the future”. Manufacturers and suppliers showed how they had prepared for the challenges of the new millennium. The innovations under the bonnet in particular revealed just how seriously the automobile industry takes environmental protection. Thanks to developments in drive systems and engines, cars are cheaper and cleaner to run than ever before.

2000

Because of the EXPO 2000 in Hannover, the 58th IAA Commercial Vehicles was held in Frankfurt. The number of exhibitors increased for the third time in a row – this time there were 1,318 companies from 42 countries. The proportion of trade visitors continued to increase and totalled 84 percent.

2001

The September 11 terror attack on the World Trade Center in New York cast a shadow over the IAA in Frankfurt. The exhibition went ahead all the same. As a mark of solidarity with the victims and their dependants, all show elements and loud music as well as the official opening ceremony with the Federal Chancellor were cancelled. VDA President Gottschalk explained this decision: “Because we could not permit terrorist forces to take away our freedom of action. And because, as a key international sector, we have a responsibility not to allow things to grind to a halt.” In an impressive manner, the general public confirmed that this indeed was the right decision to take: More than 800,000 people visited this “quiet IAA”.

2002

The 59th International Motor Show (IAA) Commercial Vehicles exceeded all expectations despite the difficult situation on the market. Around 237,000 visitors from 84 countries showed just how attractive this International Motor Show is. The proportion of professional visitors is over 90 per cent. In spite of the tough economic situation, seven out of ten professional visitors said that the reason for their visit to the IAA was preparation for making investment decisions or even for concluding contracts. This signaled an upturn in the mood in the commercial vehicle industry.

2003

The 60th International Motor Show (IAA) Passenger Cars broke all previous records for visitor numbers. Over a million car afficinados on site in Frankfurt turned this IAA into the most visited one since 1991, when the IAA took place subdividedly for the first time - still under the strong influence of the reunification boom. 23 per cent more visitors than 2001 flocked to see products displayed by some 2,000 exhibitors from 42 nations on a total of 215,000 square metres of exhibition space.

2004

The 60th IAA Commercial Vehicles in Hannover confirmed once again its position as the world’s leading transport trade fair. Under the title “A Mobile Future”, it proved its importance as a driving force for the entire industry with a record number of new vehicles and innovations. Exhibitors presented a total of 194 world premieres – 25 per cent more than in 2002 – as well as 61 European and 54 German premieres. The total of 1,370 exhibitors from almost every continent set a new record. The IAA Commercial Vehicles had developed from a straightforward product exhibition to a fully integrated trade fair, covering the entire value-added chain for mobility, transport and logistics.

2005

In terms of sheer quality, the 61st International Motor Show Passenger Cars was the best IAA ever, focusing strongly on future solutions such as the hybrid, hydrogen, flex-fuel and SCR technologies for reducing nitrogen oxide emissions. In terms of the area used, and the number of professional visitors and exhibitors, it deserved to be regarded as ‘excellent’. The number of guests reached 940,000, the second highest figure ever, and it would probably have broken the record if there had not been the federal election plus Sunday Trading in Frankfurt’s inner city during the trade fair.

2006 The 61st IAA Commercial Vehicles was a Motor Show of superlatives. It has set new records in all important areas. Its 253 world premieres represent more innovation than ever before. Progress in the fields of the environment and safety in particular present a new image for the whole industry. There were 1,556 satisfied exhibitors from 46 countries, who benefited from the IAA: more agreements and more orders than ever before. New country focuses indicate the increasing internationalization of the commercial vehicle business. This new aspect attracted 265,500 visitors to the 61st IAA, which is more than any previous IAA Commercial Vehicles.

2007

The 62nd IAA was definitely one of the most successful IAAs ever. With nearly 1 million visitors from 125 countries, this IAA has even exceeded the very good result from the year 2005. This IAA has been more political and international than any other before. Climate change, fuel efficiency and CO2 reductions have determined the political topics. Of the 1,081 exhibitors, 42 per cent came from abroad.

2008 The 62nd IAA Commercial Vehicles is the most successful commercial vehicle trade fair so far. It has set new standards in all ‘disciplines’ and more than met the expectations. It has taken up a stronger position than ever before as the world’s most important trade fair for mobility, transport and logistics, and improved its lead. With nearly 300,000 visitors (up by 12 per cent) from 110 countries, this IAA has exceeded all figures from previous IAA Commercial Vehicles and set a new record. Companies from 48 countries presented their innovations, including 258 world premieres. Of the 2,084 exhibitors (up by 34 per cent) a total of 1,188 came from abroad, which is 52 per cent more than two years ago. The exhibition space covered an area of 275,000 sq m (up by 10 per cent). This IAA has shown that the commercial vehicle industry leads in environmental technology. Here at the IAA it was recognizable for the first time on a broad front that commercial vehicles are opening up to the alternative powertrains. The focus was on the efforts made in traffic sustainability and thus climate protection also.

2009

In the crisis year of 2009 the IAA Cars proved to be a magnet for visitors. Around 850,000 people visited the IAA, which greatly exceeded the target of 750,000. This IAA, which took place under the headline “A Moving Experience“, showed where the mobility of tomorrow is heading. A huge number of options were presented at the IAA, ranging from the mild hybrid and the plug-in hybrid to the all-electric car, fuel cells and hydrogen power.

2010

With 1,751 exhibitors from 43 countries, this was the IAA with the second highest number of exhibitors ever. And with the new record of 272 world premieres, this IAA has enhanced its position as the world’s most important trade fair for mobility, logistics and transport. Trucks, vans and buses are clearly moving towards alternative powertrains: hybrid drive, electric power, and fuel cells. In heavy trucks the trend is the further optimization of clean diesel engines that are becoming even cleaner and more economical. The target of more than 200,000 visitors to the IAA has been met. With 240,000 to 250,000 visitors, this IAA has reached the average level for the IAA Commercial Vehicles in this decade.'

2011

Under the headline “Future Comes as Standard”, this IAA Cars at Frankfurt has sent out strong signals in the form of more exhibitors (1,012), more exhibition space (235,000 square meters), more world premieres (183) and more visitors (928,100) than the IAA two years ago. Innovations focused on highly fuel-efficient passenger vehicles while also meeting increased customer demands in fields such as safety, comfort, quality, and design. Over 12,000 journalists from 98 countries reported from this IAA. As a highlight, the 63rd IAA Cars featured the all-new “Hall of Electric Mobility”, a first-timer to all Motor Shows worldwide. Additional IAA-premieres included the Electric Mobility Conference as well as the CarIT Conference dealing with the issue of connected driving.

1995[edit]

The 1995 show ran from September 14 to September 24.

The following major introductions were made at the 1995 show:

The following major concept cars were presented at the 1995 show:

1997[edit]

The 1997 show ran from September 11 to September 21.

The following major introductions were made at the 1997 show:

The following major concept cars were presented at the 1997 show:

1999[edit]

Volkswagen Concept D at the 1999 Frankfurt Motor Show

The 1999 show opened on September 16, and had nearly 1,200 exhibitors from 44 countries.

The following major introductions were made at the 1999 show:

The following major concept cars were presented at the 1999 show:

2001[edit]

Audi A4 Convertible at the 2001 Frankfurt Motor Show

The 2001 show opened to international media on September 11, with a series of concept and production vehicle debuts kicking off in the early morning.

The following major introductions were made at the 2001 show:

The following major concept cars were presented at the 2001 show:

2003[edit]

Porsche 996 GT3 RS at the 2003 Frankfurt Motor Show

For the first time, the passenger car-only exhibition in Frankfurt broke the barrier of one million visitors. It featured 2,000 exhibitors from 42 countries.

The following major introductions were made at the 2003 show:

The following major concept cars were presented at the 2003 show:

2005[edit]

Mercedes-Benz at the 2005 Frankfurt Motor Show
A Land Cruiser on a steep slope at the 2005 show in Frankfurt
Opel Astra TwinTop at 2005 Frankfurt Motor Show

The exhibition focuses strongly on future solutions such as hybrid, hydrogen, flex-fuel and SCR technologies for reducing NOx emissions. There were around 940,000 visitors to the 2005 show.

The following major introductions were made at the 2005 show:

The following major concept cars were presented at the 2005 show:

2007[edit]

The Mercedes-Benz pavilion at the 2007 Frankfurt Motor Show
Volkswagen Tiguan at the 2007 Frankfurt Motor Show

The 2007 Frankfurt Motor Show's key theme was sustainable mobility.[12]

The following major introductions were presented at the 2007 show:

Hybrids at 2007 Frankfurt Motor Show[edit]

European automakers demonstrated a new interest in hybrid and electric vehicles at the 2007 Frankfurt Motor Show. For example, Mercedes-Benz arrived at the show with seven hybrids, including a luxury sedan concept vehicle called the F 700, a 17-foot (5.2 m)-long car that achieves a fuel economy of 44.4 miles per gallon (mpg). The research vehicle features a homogenous charge compression ignition engine, a technology that produces the high fuel economy of a diesel engine from a clean-burning gasoline engine. Mercedes has also mated its clean-diesel engine to an electric motor, creating the Bluetec hybrid. The company plans to introduce a gasoline-fueled hybrid SUV and sedan in 2009, followed by two Bluetec hybrids in 2010, one of which will achieve 51 miles per gallon of diesel fuel. In addition, the Mercedes Car Group exhibited its smart car in three new incarnations: an electric-only vehicle and both diesel and gasoline versions with "micro hybrid drive", a belt-driven starter and alternator that allows the engine to shut off at stops. See the DaimlerChrysler press releases about the auto show and the F700.

Opel, a subsidiary of General Motors, unveiled the Flextreme, a plug-in hybrid that can travel 34 miles (55 km) on its lithium-ion battery before a small diesel engine starts charging the battery.[15] Opel also unveiled the Corsa Hybrid, a coupe that combines a belt-driven starter and alternator with a lithium-ion battery.[16]

Volvo Cars, a division of Ford Motor Company, exhibited a plug-in hybrid with motors in each of the wheels. The Volvo ReCharge can travel about 60 miles (97 km) on battery power alone, using a lithium-polymer battery pack that can be recharged in a standard outlet.[17][18]

The Citroën C-Cactus regular diesel-electric hybrid vehicle debuted at the 2007 Frankfurt Motor Show.

2009[edit]

Inside the BMW pavilion at the IAA 2009
Audi e-tron at the 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show

The theme of the 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show can best be summed up in one word: "electrification" Virtually every manufacturer has unveiled a vehicle using the latest battery technology,[19]

The following major introductions were presented at the 2009 show:

Production cars[edit]

Concept cars[edit]

2011[edit]

The 2011 show was held from September 13 to September 25.[26] The 64th edition of the show included 1,012 exhibitors from 32 countries and was attended by more than 928,000 visitors from 105 countries, 36% of them being trade visitors, among those 80% from the automotive industry, plus more than 12'000 accredited journalists from 98 countries.[27] 183 world premieres were unveiled.

Production cars[edit]

Concept cars[edit]

2013[edit]

Inside the Porsche pavilion at the IAA 2013

The 2013 show took place from September 10, 2013 to September 22, 2013.

Nissan introduced a "smart watch" that measures the user's heart rate, temperature and other biometrics. It is also able to keep a watch on car data like fuel efficiency and average speed. It was developed by Nissan's Nismo laboratory. They currently capture live biometric and telematics data from Nissan racing cars and their drivers.[29]

Production cars[edit]

Concept cars[edit]


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This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]